वट:शितो गुरुर्ग्राही कफपित्तव्रणापह:│

वर्ण्यो विसर्पदाहघ्न: कषायो योनिदोषह्रत││

वटाकुरा मसुराश्र्च प्रलेपाद व्यंनाशनम │भ. प्र.

Botanical Name :Ficusbengalensis . Linn


According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Unisexuales

Family     – Moraceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-    Mutrasangrahaniyavarga,Kashayskanda

Sushruta-   Nyagrodhadigana

Bhavprakash,Adarsh Nighantu- Vatadivarga

Ashtanga Sangraha-Nygrodhadi gana

Dhanvantari Nighantu-Amradi gana

Kaiyydeva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga

Raja Nighantu-Shalmalyadi varga

Priya Nighantu-Haritakyadi varga

Other Names :


Banyan Tree,


Indian banyan tree,

East Indian Fig,

Indian fig tree,

East Indian Fig Tree


















Indian Fig,

East Indian Fig,


Bengal Fig,

Banyan Tree,


Indian Banyan,











Sanskrit Name-

Bahupada-the tree has multiple roots like many feet

Shipharuha,Padarohini,Padarohi-roots look as if they climb or latch on the stem

Raktaphala-The fruit is red coloured

Ksheeri-The tree has milky latex

Shrungi-Has horn like shoots

Vanaspathi-flowers are not visible

Neela,Jataala-plenty of roots

Mahachaya-tree grows big and wide and gives huge area of shadow

Yaksavasaka,Yakshataru-Yaksha lives n this tree

Skandhajana,Skandhaja,Nygrodh,Avarohi,Rohini,Daanta,Kanchana,Dhruva,Vaishravana Vasa,Vitapi,Mandali,Vanabhu


General Information :

Habit- large evergreen tree with branches horizontally spreading and throwing down at intervals a succession of aeriral roots. Stem- erect, branched, woody, cylindrical, and solid. Leaves- Simple, alternate, petiolate, 15 cm long and 10 cm wide, exstipulate, glabrescent above and glabrous or minutely pubescent beneath with unicostate reticulate venation. Inflorescence-Hypanthodium, axillary, sessile in pairs, glabose, puberulous and red when ripe  with broad, rounded, subglabrous, coriaceous, basal bracts. Flowers- sessile, unisexual, monoecious, minute situated on the inner walls of a fleshy recepticular cavity with an apical opening guarded by scales. Male flowers nearest the mouth and female ones at the base of the cavity, flowers are incomplete. Male flower with four minute perianth which is lanceolate and androecium contains single stamen. Female flowers contain 4 Perianth shorter than the male, gynoecium contains two medianlypalcedcarples.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Kasaya

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Sheeta

Guna-Guru, Ruksha


Specific Parts:

Bark, Ksheera, Leaf, Vatapraroha and fruits




वट:शितो गुरुर्ग्राही कफपित्तव्रणापह:│

वर्ण्यो विसर्पदाहघ्न: कषायो योनिदोषह्रत││

वटाकुरा मसुराश्र्च प्रलेपाद व्यंनाशनम │भ. प्र.



External application of milky latex of Vata is advisiable in area of swelling and wound for quick healing.

External application of latex vata is advisiable in dental carries,conjunctivits and skin disoders.

Local application of paste of aerial root provides firmness to breast in females.


Being stambhana, in chhardi, atisara and pravahika. Being raktashodhana and raktapittahara it is used in varnavikaras, raktavikaras, raktavikaras and in raktapitta.

Uttarabasti of bark decoction is useful in rakta and shvetapradara being garbhashayashothahara. Vatashungas are used as garbasthapana and ksheera as shukrastambhana. Bark decoction , fruits or ksheera used as mootrasangrahaneeya and in daha.

Decoction prepared from Vata bark is given in vaginal diseases in a dose of 50-70ml.

Tender leave decoction of Vata is given during the pregnancy.It strengthen the uterine muscles.

Latex of Vata is known as Bargad ka doodh in hindi,which is used to treat premature ejaculation.

Decoction prepared with leaf ud of Vata,Jambu and ushira is given with honey in a dose of 40-50ml in case of nausea and vomiting.

In viper snake poisoning, root paste of vata is mixed with Durva swarasa,manjishta,Jivakaand kashmarya is given

Cold infusion prepared from tender buds of vata is given to control excessive sweating.Dose-40-50ml

Below are some of the medicinal properties of banyan:

The leaf buds of the banyan tree are useful in the treatment of chronic diarrhea and dysentery the buds should be soaked in water overnight and taken as infusion in the treatment of these disease.

A few drops of the latex of the Banyan tree mixed in milk and taken daily helps to cure bleeding piles. With this treatment the diet of the patient should contain liberal quantities of green vegetables especially fenugreek and black nightshade leaves.

Cleaning the teeth with the aerial roots of the banyan is beneficial in preventing teeth and gum disorders. As one chews the stick and brushes, the astringent secretion from the root-stick cleanses and strengthens the teeth and gums.

To Improve facial glow-

  • Take 5-6 fresh leaves of  Banyan and grind them with 10-20 gm of red pulse.
  • Apply the paste to face. It cures all types of skin problems.
  • Grind dried yellow leaves of Banyan, jasmine leaves, red sandalwood and koot in water.
  • Apply this paste on face. It cures acne or patches on skin.


 Treats Nasal bleeding-

  • Give 3 gm powder of its Ariel roots with buttermilk.
  • It is the fast, instant and one of the best cure for Nasal bleeding.


Good for Tooth problems-

  • Take 10 gm bark of Banyan tree, 5 gm catechu and 2 gm black pepper.
  • Grind them all to form a fine powder.
  • Use this powder to brush the teeth.
  • Apply the Banyan milk on aching tooth. It gives relief.
  • Soak a piece of cotton in the milk and apply on the cavity of aching tooth.
  • It cures Halitosis and also aids in all kinds of tooth infections.


 Treats Diarrhoea-

  • Take 6 gm buds of Banyan and boil in 100 ml water.
  • Strain the solution and mix sugar candy in it.
  • Give this to the patient followed by buttermilk.
  • It immediately cured Diarrhoea.
  • Take 3 gm powder of bark and give it to the patient thrice a day with rice water.
  • It gives immediate relief.
  • or the buds of Ficus benghalensis,Ficus religiosa and Ficus glomerata is processed with ghee ad mixed with honey and mishri.This mixture is given in the treatment of Diarrhea.


 Helpful cure in Diabetes-

  • Grind the bark and aerial roots of Banyan.
  • Take 20 gm of its powder and cook them in 1/2 kg of water.
  • Boil till it gets reduced to 1/8th.
  • Cool the solution, strain and give it to the patient morning and evening.
  • Continue this for 1 month. It is beneficial in curing Diabetes.


 Treats Nausea-

  • Take 20 gm of its green leaves with 7 cloves.
  • Grind them in water and strain te solution.
  • Give this to the patient.


 Treats Swelling of Eyes-

  • Take 10 ml of Banyan tree milk and 125 mg camphor  and 2 teaspoon of honey.
  • Apply this mixture with an eye-liner.
  • It cures corneal opacity.


Helpful in Severe ulcers-

  • Grind the soft leaves and buds with water and strain the solution.
  • Add equal amount of sesame oil in the solution and cook it.
  • Apply this oil 2-3 times a day on the ulcers.
  • It cures the ulcers and swellings very fast.

Immediate cure for Burns-

  • Grind its buds or soft leaves with curd and apply on the burnt area.
  • It brings immediate relief.


 Helpful in bleeding diathesis-

  • Grind 10-20 gm buds or leaves into a paste.
  • Give this paste to the patient with honey and sugar mixed in it.


Formulation (Kalp):

Nyagrodhadichoorna, Nyagrodhadyaghrita, Vatajataditaila.


Quatha – 40 to 80 ml.

Choorna – 1 to 3 gm.

Ksheera – 5 to 10 drops.



Research Corner :

The present study designed to evaluate the effects of aqueous extract of Ficusberigalensis Linn. Bark (AEFB) on inflammatory bowel diease (IBD). It is found that AEFB has a significant protective effect in the inflammatory  bowel disease  as compared to prednisolone in rats. Patel  M, Patel P, Patel M. Aqueous Extract of Ficusbengalensis Linn.

In the present study, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of aqueous extract of Ficusbengalensis (AEFB) and methanolic  extract of F. Bengalensis (MEFB) was evaluated in animal models.

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