मुशली मधुरा वृष्या विर्याष्ण ब्रुहनी गुरु:│

तिक्ता रसायनी हन्ति गुदजान्यनिलं तथा││भ. प्र.

Botanical Name:  Curculigoorchioides. Gaertn.


According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Liliales

Family     – Amaryllidaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-     Not included in Varga

Sushruta-   Not included in Varga

Bhavprakash- GuducyadiVarga

Other Names :

Latin Name: CurculigoOrchioides

Hindi: Kali Mooslie, Kali Musli, Syahmusali, Muslikand

Assamese: Talmuli, Tailmuli

Bengali: Talmalu, Tallur, Talamuli

English: Brahmin Ginseng, Golden Eye-Grass, Black Musli, Black Musale, Black Musalie

Kannada: Neltal, Neltathigodde, Nelatale, Nelatelegadde

Malayalam: Nilappenea, Nilappanai, Nelpana, Nilappana, NilapanaiKilangu

Marathi: Kali Musali, Bhuimaddi

Oriya: Talamuli

Punjabi: SyahMusali, Musali Safed,

Tamil: Nilappanai, Nilappanaikkilhang

Telugu: NelTadigadda, Nallatadigudda, Nelatadi, Nelatatigaddalu, Nilaptaligaddal

Urdu: MusaliSiyah, Kali Musali

Unani: MoosliSiyah, MusaliSiyah

Sanskrit Name-

Talamuli-It resembles the root of Tala

Deergaskandika-Tuberous root is too long

Hemapushpi-Root stock long,tuberous and flowers are bright yellow in colour

Hirangapushpee-Flowers are bright yellow in coloured

Krishnamusali-Root is black in coloured

Musali-cut the doshas and cures the diseases

Kanchanpushpika-Flower having colour of gold

Mahavruksha,vrusha Skanda,Vrushya kandha-Plant having great properties specially aphrodisiacs

Sankari-Causes production of sukra dhatu

Varahi-Having same properties likje varahi



General Information :

Habit – herbs with tuberous root stock. Root stock – Stout, short or elongate with fleshy root. Leaves- Usually sessile, 15 to 45 cm long, 1 to 2.5 cm wide, linear base is sheathing. Scape is short & flattened. Flowers – Bright yellow, distichous the lowest in the receme is bisexual upper ones are male. Bracts are Lanceolate, membranous. Fruits – Capsule, 1.3 cm long,  1 to 4 seeded with a slender beak. Seeds are oblong, black and shining.


Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Madhura, Tikta

Vipak- Madhura

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Guru, Sbugdha, Picchila


Specific Parts :



Doshaghnata :

Vata-Pitta shamaka, Kapha-vardhak.


Shloka’s :

 मुशली मधुरा वृष्या विर्याष्ण ब्रुहनी गुरु:│

तिक्ता रसायनी हन्ति गुदजान्यनिलं तथा││भ. प्र.

मुशली मधुरा गुर्वी तिक्ता वृष्या रसायनी l l

विर्योष्णा बृहणी हन्ति दुर्नामानी प्रभज्जनम् l कै नि


Being deepana, anulomana and beneficial to the liver it is used in grahani, arsha and yakridvikara. In kasa and shvasa, both internally and with manahsheela for dhoomapana (Ch. Chi. 18/75); in shukrakshaya and klaibya  beingvrishya; in mootrakrichchhra and pooyameha being mootrala and in samanyadaurbalya and karshya being balya and brimhana.

It improves complexion and reat skin diseases.

Vajikaranartha (Aphrodisiac)

Continuous usage of powder prepared from root tubers of Krisnamusali (Curculigoorchioides) mixed with ghee acts as best Vajikara (Aphrodisiac).

Powder of Ashwagandha,Shatavari,Kali musali in equal amount is taken with cow’s milk for a month for Rasayana purpose.Dose-5-10gm,twice a day.

To increase the sperm count,stamina and vigor ,Root powder of Kali  mushali in a dose of 5-10gm is used.

To gain the weiht Kali musali root powder with milk is advisiable.

Mutraghata (Retention of urine)

Kwatha (Decoction) prepared from Talapatri (Curculigoorchiodes).



Kali musli paste with goat’s milk is applied.

For itches and skin diseases

The poultice of root is used.

The root powder of Kali musali is applied over bleeding area,wounds,acne and pimples.

In case of skin allergy ,leaves paste of kali musali is applied externally.

In case of swelling of glands,paste of roots is applied externally.


Application of root paste on pile mass gives relief in pain and burning sensation.

Cough, cold and asthma

The smoke produced from the roots is inhaled.

The powdered root of Curculigoorchioides is burnt and the smoke coming out is inhaled as part of treatment in respiratory diseases like cough, difficulty in respiration due to congestion of phlegm.

The fresh root of Talamuli is made into paste and applied over the place affected with skin diseases.

The juice of fresh roots is used to treat generalised weakness .Dose-1-2tsf,twice a day

Also powder of Kali musali (5gm)with milk is used to cure weakness.

Root powder of Kali musali (5gm)with Jaggery  is advisiable in Leucorrhoea.

Leaves decoction of Kali musali is used to treat Respiratory tract disoders.Dose-30ml OD

Crushed root powder of Kali musali with milk is used in the treatment of Jaundice.


Formulation (Kalp):

Name                                      Indication

MusaliPaka                             Vajikaranartha

BrihatVarunadyaKwatha         Mutrakricchra

SaubhagyaSunthi Dwitiya       SutikaRoga, Amavata


            Choorna – 2 to 4 gm.

Research Corner :

Curculigoorchioides was powdered and subjected to soxhlet extraction using methanol. Acute toxicity studies were performed by Organization for  Economic Co-operation and Development OECD guidelines. Animals were treated  with cyclophosphamide  to induce neurotoxicity.

Side Effects-

It causes the weight gain

It induces labor

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