Principles of Ayurveda

The Trigunas Theory-

Doshas like vata,pitta,kapha are the building institute of body.Like that satva,raj and tama  are  the essential components of the mind.Sattva,raja and tama are better known as Manas Doshas. According to dominancency of guna the manas prakriti (psychological) is depend.satvarepresent the energy requirements for creation,rajas responsible for particles movement and tamasis responsible for convertion of particle in to new form.Tamas function under the constant influence of satva and raj.

In equilibrium, the three gunas preserve the mind and maintain the health of person.while vitiation in these trigunas are responsible for formation of various types of mental disorders.

Triguna And Panch Mhabhutas-

According to Sushruta-

Akash is predominant with satva

Vayu with Rajas

Agni with Sattva-Rajas

Jala with satta-tamas and

Prithvi with tamas.

While according to Charaka-

Vata is combination of sattva and rajas but is reffered to as being predominantly Rajas

Pitta is said to be more satta in nature,though it has an element of Rajas and Tamas

Kapha is predominantly Rajas in nature though it has an element of sattva in it.


Characteristics of Trigunas-

Satwa represents  lightness, consciousness, pleasure and clarity. It is pure, free from disease and cannot be disturbed in any way. It activates the senses and is responsible for the perception of knowledge. Rajas represent activeness, motion and stimulation . All desires, wishes, ambitions and fickle-mindedness are a result of the same. While Tamas represents heaviness and resistance. It produces disturbances in the process of perception and activities of the mind. Delusion, false knowledge, laziness, apathy, sleep and drowsiness are due to it.


Rajas and Tamas, as with the doshas, can be vitiated  by stress and negative desires as kama (lust), irshya (malice), moha (delusion and halucination), lobha (greed), chinta (anxiety), bhaya (fear) and krodha (anger).


Satwika individuals are usually noble and spiritual in character, their nature determined as much by body type as their star constellation, having an element of kapha in their constitution.


Satwika Subtype Qualities


  • Brahma



Free from passion, anger, greed, ignorance or jealousy, possessing knowledge and the power of discrimination.



  • Arsa



Excellent memory, purity, love and self -control, excellent intellectual frame of mind, free from pride, ego, ignorance, greed or anger. Possessing the power of understanding and retention.


  • Aindra



Devotion to sacred books, study rituals and oblations. Devotion to virtuous acts, far- sightedness and courage. Authoritative behaviour and speech. Able to perform sacred rituals.


  • Yamya



Free from mean and conflicting desires and acts. Having initiative, excellent memory and leadership. Free from emotional binds, hatred, ignorance and envy. The capacity for timely action.


  • Varuna



Free from mean acts. Exhibition of emotion in proper place. Observance of religious rights.


  • Kabera



Courage, patience, and hatred of impure thoughts. Liking for virtuous acts and purity. Pleasure in recreation.


  • Gandharva



Possession of wealth, attendants and luxuries. Expertise in poetry, stories and epics. Fondness for dancing singing and music. Takes pleasure in perfumes, garlands and flowers. Full of passion.


Pitta dominated Rajasikas, intellectually oriented but vulnerable to temptations, are very human in their character and approach to life.

Rajasika Subtype Qualities


  • Asura



Indulgence in self-praise, bravery, cruelty, envy and ruthlessness. Terrifying appearance.






Excessive sleep and indolence. Envious disposition. Constant anger, intolerance, and cruel behaviour. Gluttonous habits.


  • Paisala



Unclean habits. Cowardly, with a terrifying disposition. Gluttonous habits. Fondness for the opposite sex. Abnormal diet and regimen.


  • Sarpa



Sharp reactions. Excessive indolance. Frequent fearful disposition. Brave or cowardly attitude depending on situations.


  • Praita



Excessive desire for food. Envious character. Excessive greediness and actions without discrimination.


  • Sakuna



Full of passion. Unsteadiness, ruthlessness, and excessive attitude for food.


A dominant Vata ensures that Tamasika individuals are the most down to earth, concerned about fundamental questions of practical existence, specially when confronted by more spiritual and less physical issues.


Tamasika Subtype Qualities


  • Pasava



Lack of intelligence, forbidding dispositions, envious nature. Excessive sexual indulgence and sleep.



  • Matsya



Unsteadiness, constant passion, and cowardice. Excessive desire for water intake.


  • Banaspatya

Indolence. Excessive indulgence in food. Deficiency of intellectual faculties.



  1. Yogesh

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  2. Luneshwari Rokde

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  3. ankit

    Thanks for such a wonderful post.Ayurveda treatments are directly extracted from nature and gives us a healthy life.

  4. Vaibhav

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  6. Venkat Sai

    No One knows details about the principle of Ayurveda. I would really be recommended this post with others who dont know about Ayurveda. Thanks for sharing such valuable and details information . keep posting.

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