The Trigunas Theory-
Doshas like vata,pitta,kapha are the building institute of body.Like that satva,raj and tama are the essential components of the mind.Sattva,raja and tama are better known as Manas Doshas. According to dominancency of guna the manas prakriti (psychological) is depend.satvarepresent the energy requirements for creation,rajas responsible for particles movement and tamasis responsible for convertion of particle in to new form.Tamas function under the constant influence of satva and raj.
In equilibrium, the three gunas preserve the mind and maintain the health of person.while vitiation in these trigunas are responsible for formation of various types of mental disorders.
Triguna And Panch Mhabhutas-
According to Sushruta-
Akash is predominant with satva
Vayu with Rajas
Agni with Sattva-Rajas
Jala with satta-tamas and
Prithvi with tamas.
While according to Charaka-
Vata is combination of sattva and rajas but is reffered to as being predominantly Rajas
Pitta is said to be more satta in nature,though it has an element of Rajas and Tamas
Kapha is predominantly Rajas in nature though it has an element of sattva in it.
Characteristics of Trigunas-
Satwa represents lightness, consciousness, pleasure and clarity. It is pure, free from disease and cannot be disturbed in any way. It activates the senses and is responsible for the perception of knowledge. Rajas represent activeness, motion and stimulation . All desires, wishes, ambitions and fickle-mindedness are a result of the same. While Tamas represents heaviness and resistance. It produces disturbances in the process of perception and activities of the mind. Delusion, false knowledge, laziness, apathy, sleep and drowsiness are due to it.
Rajas and Tamas, as with the doshas, can be vitiated by stress and negative desires as kama (lust), irshya (malice), moha (delusion and halucination), lobha (greed), chinta (anxiety), bhaya (fear) and krodha (anger).
Satwika individuals are usually noble and spiritual in character, their nature determined as much by body type as their star constellation, having an element of kapha in their constitution.
Satwika Subtype Qualities
Free from passion, anger, greed, ignorance or jealousy, possessing knowledge and the power of discrimination.
Excellent memory, purity, love and self -control, excellent intellectual frame of mind, free from pride, ego, ignorance, greed or anger. Possessing the power of understanding and retention.
Devotion to sacred books, study rituals and oblations. Devotion to virtuous acts, far- sightedness and courage. Authoritative behaviour and speech. Able to perform sacred rituals.
Free from mean and conflicting desires and acts. Having initiative, excellent memory and leadership. Free from emotional binds, hatred, ignorance and envy. The capacity for timely action.
Free from mean acts. Exhibition of emotion in proper place. Observance of religious rights.
Courage, patience, and hatred of impure thoughts. Liking for virtuous acts and purity. Pleasure in recreation.
Possession of wealth, attendants and luxuries. Expertise in poetry, stories and epics. Fondness for dancing singing and music. Takes pleasure in perfumes, garlands and flowers. Full of passion.
Pitta dominated Rajasikas, intellectually oriented but vulnerable to temptations, are very human in their character and approach to life.
Rajasika Subtype Qualities
Indulgence in self-praise, bravery, cruelty, envy and ruthlessness. Terrifying appearance.
Excessive sleep and indolence. Envious disposition. Constant anger, intolerance, and cruel behaviour. Gluttonous habits.
Unclean habits. Cowardly, with a terrifying disposition. Gluttonous habits. Fondness for the opposite sex. Abnormal diet and regimen.
Sharp reactions. Excessive indolance. Frequent fearful disposition. Brave or cowardly attitude depending on situations.
Excessive desire for food. Envious character. Excessive greediness and actions without discrimination.
Full of passion. Unsteadiness, ruthlessness, and excessive attitude for food.
A dominant Vata ensures that Tamasika individuals are the most down to earth, concerned about fundamental questions of practical existence, specially when confronted by more spiritual and less physical issues.
Tamasika Subtype Qualities
Lack of intelligence, forbidding dispositions, envious nature. Excessive sexual indulgence and sleep.
Unsteadiness, constant passion, and cowardice. Excessive desire for water intake.
Indolence. Excessive indulgence in food. Deficiency of intellectual faculties.