पटोलं पाचनं ह्रदयं वृश्यम लघ्वग्निदिपनम l स्निग्धोष्नं हन्ति कासास्त्रज्वरदोषत्रयकृमीन l l
पटोलस्य भवेन्मुलं विरेचनकर सुखात l नालं श्लेष्महरं पत्रं पित्तहारी फलं पुन : l
दोषत्रयहरं प्रोक्तं तद्वत्तीक्ता पटोलिका l l भा प्र
Botanical Name :Tricosanthesdioica. Roxb.
According To Modern
Family – Cucurbitaceae
According To Ayurveda
Other Names :
Hindi name: Parval
English Name-Wild snake-gourd,Pointed gourd
Telugu name: KommuPotla / CheduPotla
Bengali name: Patol
Marathi and Gujarathi Name: Paraval
Tamil name: Kambupudalai
Kannada name: KaaduPadaval, Kadupadavalakayi
Malayalam name: Patolam
General Information :
Habit – Cliber, spreads extensively. Branches – Slender, more or less scabrous and woolly, tendrils are 2-4 fitd. Leaves – 7.5 cm long and 5 cm wide, ovate-oblong, cordate, acute tip, sinuate-denote, not lobed, rigid, rough on both the surfaces petiole is 2 cm long.
Types of Part :
Gramya and vanya.
Specific Parts :
Leaf, panchanga, fruit
पटोलं पाचनं ह्रदयं वृश्यम लघ्वग्निदिपनम l
स्निग्धोष्नं हन्ति कासास्त्रज्वरदोषत्रयकृमीन l l
पटोलस्य भवेन्मुलं विरेचनकर सुखात l
नालं श्लेष्महरं पत्रं पित्तहारी फलं पुन : l
दोषत्रयहरं प्रोक्तं तद्वत्तीक्ता पटोलिका l l भा प्र
पटोलं कटूकं तिक्तमुष्नं पित्तविरोधीच l
कफासृक कंडूकुष्ठानी ज्वर दाहौ च नाशयेत् l lध नि
कफपित्तहरं वर्ण्य उष्णं तिक्तमवातलम् l
पटोलं कटूकं पाके वृष्यं रोचनदीपनम् l l सु सू ४६
Being ruchikara.Deepana and pachana due to its tiktarasa and ushnaveerya and being amajatrishnanigrahana, anulomana, pittasarakakrimighna and dushtakaphnashana, it should be used in aruchi, agnimandya, ajeerna, trishna, amlapitta, yakridvikaras, kamala, arsha and krimis. Its root being a drastic purgative and leaf and fruit aransana (mild purgative),they are used in the above ailments to expel doshas.
Acharya Charaka has mentioned Patola as one of the herbs used in powder massage,useful in pruritis,acne ad urticaria.
In Charaka Samhita,Leaves and fruits of Patola s used in the treatment of alcoholism and jaundice. Soup of Patola fruit is also advisiable in alcoholism.
The Patola leaves juice is used in alopesia and liver enlargement.
Regular eating of Parawal vegetable helps to gain weight ,increases the immune power and also provide relief from abdominal diseases.
Patol root is sukha virechaka-causes mild purgation.
It stalk balances Kapha
Patol patra balances Pitta
While fruit of Patol balances Tridosha.
Kustha (Skin diseases)
Decoction prepared from patola (Tricosanthesdioica), Khadira (Acacia catechu), Nimba (Azadirachtaindica), Amalaki (Terminalia belorica) and krisnavetra if taken will alleviate all kinds of Kustha (Skin diseases).
Decoction of Patola (Tricosathesdioica) and Dhanyaka (Coriandrumsativum) if taken with ghee alleviates Jwara (Fever). It is also Appetizer, Expectorant, Carminative, Digestant and Purgative.
Decoction prepared from leaves of Patola (Tricosanthesdioica). Mudga and Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) taken with ghee is an effective remedy in case of Visarpa (Erysipeals).
Decoction of Patol patra is used as dahashamak
Juice of Patola leaves is applied on scalp for 21 days to treat baldness.
Boil 6 gms of Patola leaves,and Sunthi powder in 1 glass of water for few minutes.Strain this solution and take this decoction in the treatment of excess cough.
Decoction of Patola leaves is also used in the treatment of hyperacidity and biliousness
Local application of Patola leaves paste is advisiable in case of boils,wounds.
Patola leaves juice with honey is given to treat Raktapitta
Tender shoots decoction of Patola with Sugar is given to improve the digestion power
Rubbing of Patola leaves over the chest is advisiable in lungs congestion .While Rubbing of patola leaves all over the body is advisiable in intermittent fevers.
To treat Hyperacidity-
Take turmeric powder,leaf of Patola and fruit rind of in equal parts and make the powder.This should be taken in a dose of 3-6gm with Adrak swarasa and 30 drops of papaya latex,twice a day .
Patola fruit is used in case of spermatorrhoea.
To treat bilious fever,decoction preapared with Patola leaves and coriender leaves is used.This is also given in snakebite and scorpion sting.
decoction prepared with Patola,Pittapapada,bibhitak,Kutaki,Amruta,Sunthi,Chirayata and Bringaraja is used in the treatment of Peptic Ulcers.
Patolvrisha Kwath-prepared by boiling leaves of patol and adulsa is used in the treatment of Hernia.
Patolakaturohinyadi Kashayam-removes the toxins from blood and liver.It rejuvenates the skin,improves the digestion and protects the liver.It is also given in liver disoders such as jaundice,viral infections etc
Jatyadi Grita-Patol leaves are key ingredients of this.It is used as ointment for treating wounds,burn injuries,boils,deep cuts etc.
Svarasa – 10 to 20 ml.
Decoction : 50 to 100 ml as shodhana and 20 to 30 ml as shamana.
Chemical Composition :
The fruit and the leaves contain proteins .lipid. Carbohydrate and minerals, the seed contains a redish green oil.
It is rich in carbohydrates,vitamin A and C.It contains trace elements of Potassium,Copper,Magnesium,Sulphur and Chlorine.
Research Corner :
The present study evaluated the protective effect of the triterpenoid enriched fraction from T. dioica root (CETD) against experimentally induced acute inflammatory ascites in Wistar albino rats. The CETD demonstrated significant (P<0.01) reduction of ascetic fluid formation in a dose- dependent manner as compared with control. Bhattacharya S, Haldar PK. The triterpenoid fraction from Trichosanthesdioica root suppresses experimentally induced inflammatory ascites in rats.