नीलिनी रेचनी तिक्ता केश्या मोहभ्रमापहा l

उष्णा हन्त्यूदर प्लीहवातरक्तकफानिलान् l

आमवातमुदावर्त मदं च विषमुद्धतम् l l भा प्र

Botanical Name :indigoferatinctoria Linn.


According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order  –  Rosales

Family     –Papilionaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-   VirecanaDravya

Sushruta-   AdhobhagaharaDravya

Bhavprakash- GuducyadiVarga

Kaiydeva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga

Dhanvantari Nighantu-Guduchyadi varga

Raja Nighantu-Shatahvadi varga

Other Names :

Tamil: Aviri, Nili
Assamese: Nilbam , Bengali: Nil
English: Indigo, Indian indigo
Gujrati: Gali, Gari, Nil
Hindi: Nili
Kannada: Karunili, Neeligida, Malayalam:  Nilam, Amari
Marathi: Neel
Oriya: Nili, Nila
Punjabi: Neel
Telugu: NiliChettu, Nili, Aviri

Sanskrit Names-

Tuttha-Blue colour of flower resembles copper sulphate

Nilini,Neeli,Neelika,Neelapushpa-Blue coloured flower

AsitaShyama,Rajani,Kali,Kaala,Kaalkeshi-colors grey hair in to black



Vishodhini-Cleansing,useful in virechana treatment

Bharati,Bhara vahini

Shree Phalika,Shri phali,Maha phala,Mocha,Madhuparnika,Rangapatri

General Information :

Habit- A branching shrub grows up to 7 ft. in height. Leaves- Compound, 7 to 13 pairs of leaflets, green when fresh and grayish black on drying. Inflorescences- Lax spicate raceme Flowers- Red or pink, Fruit- Cylindric pods, pale greenish grey when yound and dark brown or ripening with 10 to 12 seeds.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Tikta

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Laghu, Ruksha


Specific Parts :

Panchanga (Whole Plant), Leaf, Root, Fruits.


Doshaghnata :



Shloka’s :

नीली तू कटूतिक्तोष्णा केश्या कासकफामनुत |

मरूद्वीषोदरव्याधीगुल्मजंतूज्वारापहा|| रा नि

नीली तिक्ता रसे पाके सरोष्णा भ्रममोहकृत् l

कफानिलहरा केश्या प्लीहोदरविषापहा l l

वातरक्तमुदावर्तमामवात गदं हरेत् l l कै नि

नीली तिक्ता रसे चोष्णा कटीवातकफापहा l

केश्या विषोदरं हन्ति वातासृक्क्रूमिनाशिनी l l ध नि

नीलिनी रेचनी तिक्ता केश्या मोहभ्रमापहा l

उष्णा हन्त्यूदर प्लीहवातरक्तकफानिलान् l

आमवातमुदावर्त मदं च विषमुद्धतम् l l भा प्र

Benefits :


Nili leaves,itself has antiseptic and astrigent action.Hence it is used externally to cure cuts,wounds,ulcers,piles and similar skin conditions

For Black Hair and Hair fall:

Obtain Indigo leaves and crush them to a juice. To this add equal quantity of black Sesame seeds oil. Put this mix on a stove and warm on a slow flame, till only oil remains. Remove and let it cool. Store in a glass bottle. Apply this oil daily on the scalp and hair. It will stop graying hair and restore black hair. Also hair will grow once again.
NeeliBhringaraj Oil made with mixture of Indigo leaves and Eclipta Alba (Bhringaraj) leaves boiled in sesame oil will also help restoring natural color of hair and prevent premature greying.

            Internal application:

Used in vibandha, udavarta, yakritpleehavriddhi, jalodara, and in krimis as virechana, yakritottejana, shoolaprashamana and krimighna. In hriddrava, vatarakta, raktadushti, shotha and amavata as hridya, raktaprasadana, and shothhara.In kasa-shvasa as Kaphaghna. It is also useful in ashmari and mootrakrichchhra.

50 ml. of svarasa mixed with equal amount of milk should be pratibandhak also. Given with maricha it acts as kushthaghna and vishamajvaraghna.

Fresh juice of Nili or pulverised powder of Nili sould be taken with honey to treat spleen and liver enlargement.

Leaf juice of Nili should be taken to treat lung diseases,cough,asthma,heart palpitation and edema

Root decoction of Nli should be given in Poisoning

It is also given in constipation.

Dried leave churna of Nili (4gm) is taken with lukewarm water in caase of Diabetes.

Infusion of Nili root is given in a dose of 15ml in case of arsenic poisoning.

Nili leave juice 1 tsf should be taken with equal quantity of milk to treat the Hydrophobia.

To treat the Epilepsy,juice of whole plant should be taken in a dose of 1tsf,twice a day

Leave decoction of Nili is taken in a dose of 5ml Bd in case of Arthritis.

For Glowing Skin:

Take some Indigo leaves and mash them and put them in boiling water. Extract the boiled leaves and apply on any part of the skin. Massage it on to the skin for some time to get glowing skin. Also small spots and boils on the skin will disappear.

For Sores, Ringworm, Blisters:

Get some Indigo leaves, dry them and powder them. Mix this powder with some sesame oil and apply on infected area. It will cure sores, ring worm and blisters.

For Hair rejuvenation:

Get some Indigo leaves, dry them and powder them. Mix this powder with some sesame oil and apply on scalp. Soon hair will grow strong and healthy.

For removing Worms in Teeth and Gums:

Obtain Indigo leaves and crush them to a juice. To this add cinnamon stick oil. Dip a cotton ball in this oily juice and put beneath the infected tooth to get rid of worms. Do this at least 3 times.

For Sores on skin:

Crush Indigo plant roots into a paste. Apply this on the sores that are secreting puss. Doing this regularly will cure painful sores.

For Insects in Ear:

Sometimes insects enter our ear when we are sleeping or riding a bike. Neither can we remove them with our hands nor leave it alone.
Take Indigo plant roots and Gigantic swallow wart tree root. Wash some rice and pour the water in a vessel. Using this rice washed water grind the above roots. To this add equal quantity of sesame seeds oil. Heat this root paste oil mix on a stove. Put 4 to 5 drops of this lukewarm oil in the ear. This will kill all insects in the ear.


For Dog bite:

We all have at one time or another experienced being chased by rabid dogs. Many times we get away, but if not the mad dog bite can cause rabies. Indigo is an excellent remedy for this. Take some fresh Indigo leaves and crush them to a juice. Drink 10 grams of this juice everyday on empty stomach. Do this for 4 day. Also wash the bite wound with hot water and lemon juice. Then apply crushed Indigo leaf paste on the wound and bandage it. Doing this for 4 day will remove the mad dog bite poison. The indigo leaf juice is bitter in taste and some people may experience giddiness. It is normal and nothing to worry.

Formulation (Kalp):

            Name                          Indication

Nilinyadighrita            Palitya

NilibhringadiTaila       Kesavikara

Nilinyadichoorna         Palitya, Khalitya

Arvindasava                  improve digestion,body weight and strength

Neelimuladi Gulika-    Fever

Gorochanadi Gulika   Fever,pneumonia,cough,cold etc

Maha Panchagavya Ghrita  fever,epilepsy,fistula,inflammation,piles


Dosage :

Quatha – 40 to 80 ml.

Home remedies:


In case of  ksaya (Wasting) one has to take root powder of Nili (Indigoferatinctoria) with milk.

Pakwasayagata visa (Poison accumulated in Large intestine)

Intake of fruit of Nilini (Indigoferatinctoria) with ghee as  a purgative  is beneficial in case of Pakwasayagata visa.

Research Corner :

A study done to compare and elucidate the antioxidant efficacy of ethanolic and hydroethanolicextracs of Indigoferatinctoria Linn.Hydroethanolicextracts  showed considerably more potent antioxidant activity in comparison to ethanol extracts. Hydroethanolic extracts had lower IC 50 values than ethanol extracts in the case of DPPH, metal chelation and hydroxyl radical-scavenging capacity (829,659 and 26.7 lag/mL) but had slightly higher values than ethanol in case in of S02- and N02- scavenging activity(P>0.001 vs standard).


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Signup For Parijatak Latest Newsletter

Subscribe to the Parijatak Latest Health Newsletter and get regular updates on Dr.Nitesh Khonde latest health Tips, videos, health & wellness, blogs and lots more.

  • Newsletter

    Sign up for regular updates & upcoming events