Nasyam is a therapeutic treatment for the nose, throat, sinuses and head. The face, shoulders, and chest are massaged with specific herbal oil and the herbal extracts and herbal oils are measured exactly and instilled into the nostrils while inhaling. After this process, the area around the nose, chest, palms, and foot are massaged vigorously. This Ayurvedic therapy can provide a miraculous remedy for congestion. When it is combined with Abhyangam, it also calms the body, relieving it of stress and toxins. It also helps regulate our hormones. This extended therapy will cleanse, purify and strengthen the nasal passages allowing you to breathe fully and easily again. Nasya treatment means putting nasal drops. While you might be already knowing about the usage of nasal drops to relieve nasal congestion, Ayurvedic nasya therapy is quite different from this usual practice. While putting the drops into nostrils remains the same, the purpose of this treatment varies in Ayurveda.
While there are many types of Nasya treatments, there is one type which can be done on daily basis for the overall improvement of health and to prevent diseases.

This type of Nasya is applicable to all healthy people.
Specifically it is helpful in people suffering from
Stiffness of the head
Stiffness of the teeth
Stiffness of the neck
obstruction of the throat
Stiffness of the jaw
Rhinitis – running nose
Corneal disorders
hyper pigmentation, freckles
Migraine, headache

Neck stiffness
Stiffness of shoulder,
Diseases of the oral cavity
Nasal disorders
Ear disorders
Eye diseases
facial paralysis
Motor neuron disorders
Loose teeth
Hoarse voice
Slurred speech
Neuro muscular disorders
One who practices nasal therapy in time according to the prescribed method, his eyes, nose, and ears are not affected by any morbidity.
His hair and head never become white or gray; he never experiences hair fall; those rather grow luxuriously.
Being nourished by inhalation, his veins, joints, ligaments, and tendons of head and neck gain greater strength. His face becomes cheerful and plumpy; and his voice becomes sweet, stabilized and stertorous.
All the sense organs become clear and three is the considerable strength.
Diseases relating to head and neck do not attack such a person. Even though he might be growing old, old age does not affect his head (in the form of grey hair etc (reference: Charaka Sutrasthana 5th chapter)

Persons unsuitable to nasal medication :-
Nasal medication should not be administered to persons who
have just then consumed water, wine, artificial poison (Garavisha – chronic poisoning) and fat (as part of Snehana therapy) or who wish to consume them, soon,
who is suffering from indigestion,
who have taken food just then,
who have just taken bath or who desire to take bath-soon. Ideally there should be a minimum gap of 30 minutes between bath and Nasya treatment.
who has just taken oil or fat
who is suffering from excessive thirst
who is suffering from excessive hunger
who is severely tired,
who  have had blood letting therapy- or severe bleeding due to other causes,
who are having acute rhinitis,
who has consumed alcohol
who is suffering from acute fever,
who is suffering from acute cold,
who are getting natural urges of the body, like urge to urinate, defecate etc.
the woman who has recently delivered,
patients of dyspnoea, COPD, Asthma and cough,
those who have undergone purification (Panchakarma) therapies
who have been given Basti treatment – just then,
at unsuitable seasons and
on Sunless cloudy days except in emergency.
Infective Rhinitis,
who has to have drunk wine,
People with low ears- low hearing capacity
in  whom, in the Doshas are greatly imbalanced and moving from place to place;
Nasya should not be administered to those who are less seven years and more than 80 years of age.

Procedure for Nasya treatment –

If there is an urge to urinate or defecate, finish that first.
It is better to brush the teeth first if you are doing it in the morning.
Take plain sesame oil and do gentle massage over the entire face and neck.
For the purpose of massage, you can use
Maha Narayana oil, if you are targeting headache and sinusitis.
Nalpamaradi tail / Kumkumadi Taila – for good facial skin and complexion
Bala Ashwagandhadi Taila / Ksheerabala taila – to improve the strength of sense organs.

While massaging, avoid eye lids and eyes.
After the massage, give hot fomentation. You can do this by mapping the face with a towel dipped in a hot water/washing the face with hot water / giving hot fomentation with a cloth pack of salt, heated on a pan. Hot fomentation should be given to face and neck, avoiding eyes and eye lids.
Lie on a cot in a room devoid of breeze or excess sunlight.
For convenience, keep a thin pillow below the neck.
Lie straight with his face upwards, extending arms and legs.

Take Anu Tailam – the oil for Nasya procedure. The oil is slightly warmed in a hot water bed, just before administration.
Two drops of the oil are instilled into each nostril.
This can be done by another person. Because while self-administering, one may miss the target

After installing, soles, neck, palms, ears etc. should be massaged- mildly.
After about 30 minutes, sputum along with medicine may come out. You have to spit it all out.
If you feel the excess of heat / burning sensation, then wash your face with cold water.
After this procedure, one should lie with face upwards, for 2 minutes.
Then, ideally, smoke inhalation with medicated herbs and mouth gargling should be done, cleanse the throat.

Symptoms of good Nasya procedure –
Breathing without difficulty
Good sleep
Improved strength of sense organs

Benefits of Nasya treatment – 
The skin, shoulders, neck face and chest become thick, well developed and bright;
The body parts and the sense organs become strong
the disappearance of grey hairs will be obtained by persons who become habituated to nasal medication.

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