Narikela

Narikela

नारिकेलं हिमं स्निग्धं स्वादुपाकरसं गुरु l

तर्पण पाचनं वृष्यं ब्रुंहनं बलमांसकृत् l l

विष्टम्भी दुर्जरं हृदयं श्लेष्मलं बस्तीशोधानमl

दाहक्षतक्षयहरं वातपित्तास्रनाशनम l l कै नि

Botanical Name :Cocosnucifera Linn.

 Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Family     – Palmae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-    Not included in Varga

Sushruta-  Not included in Gana

Bhavprakash- AmaradiPhalavarga

Dhanvantari Nighantu-Amradi varga

Shodhala Nighantu-Amradi varga

Sadrasa Nighantu-Svadu Skanda

Madanphal Nighantu-Phaladi varga

Raja Nighantu-Amradi varga

Kaiydeva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga

Haritakyadi Varga-Phala varga

Nighantu Adarsh-Taladi Varga

Priya Nighantu-Haritakyadi varga

Other Names :

Tamil :

cannai, catapalam1, cekaracam, cekaracamaram, cenavaritcavam, cetaram1, cevvilanir, cirappalam, cocan, curakaram#, curakaram@, cutankam, cuvatucitam, cuvatucitamaram, dennai, edagam, ekatam, etkai1, ilaneer, ilangali, ilanir, ilankali, ilankalimaram, iracakantam, iracapalam, iracayanatturu, karakatoyam, karatalikam, karatalikamaram, kaucikam, kaucipal, kaucipalmaram, kelalam, keli, kelikam2, kopparaittenkai, kurccacekaram, kurccekaram, kuriyacekaram, lankali 1, malata, milarkkali, muppudaikay, nadigelam, naligelam, naligeramnarigelam, nalikelamaram, nalikeram, narigelam, narikelam1, narikeli, narikelimaram,

 

Kannada :

gitaka, gitaku, kinghena, kobari, kobbari, kurube, matte, naarikela, narikela, narikera, siyala, tare, tengina, tengina-gida, tenginakayi, tenginamara, tengu, thengina, thengu, thenpinna, tigini, trynaraja, yeleneerumara

Malayalam:

centennu, chentennu, chocham, cocam, karikku, kulittai, langalam, nalikeram, nalugiram, narikelam, ten, tenga, tenna, tenna-maram, tennu, thenga, thengu

Urdu :

maghznarjil, maghznaryal, maghznaryil, maghz-i-narjil, narial, nariyel, narjeel (naryal), naryal, naryaldaryai, naryil

Persian:

badini, badinj, darakhte-bandinj, darakhte-nargil, darakhtebandinj, darakhtenargil, darkhte-badinj, darkhte-nargil, nargil

Hindi :

kanchli, naral, narel, nariel, nariyal, nariyal-ka-ped, nariyal-ka-per, nariyalkaper, nariyel, sriphal

Telugu :

errabondaalakobbari, errabondalakobbari, ettabondalakobbari, guddzanarikadamu, gujjunaarikadamu, gujjunarikadamu, gujjunarikedam, kobbara, kobbari, kobbera, kobbirichettu, kobri, laangali, langali, mukkantipandu, naalikeramu, naarikadamu, naarikelamu, naarikeramu

Marathi :

maad, mad, mada, mahaad, mahad, mar, naaral, narachajhada, naral, naralchajhada, naralmad, narea, narel, narela, narula, tenginmar, thenginmar, varala

Tibetan :          rgya star

English :           coconut palm, copra, nariel, porcupine wood

Sanskrit Name-

Dridaphal,Dridha Vruksha-Th fruit is hard in texture.

Kurchaksheershaka-The head of tree resembles brush

Dakshinatyak-Tree found in southern states

Rasa Phala-tasty fruit

Trinaraj-Big tree from grass variety

Putodaka,Toyagarbha-fruit contains coconut water inside.

Sadaphala-fruit is always seen in the plant

Skandaphala-Tree found in skanda state

Latavruksha,Narikela,Dridhabeeja,Mahabala,Tunga,Tungaskanda,Sutungaka,Chochaphala,Chocha,Kurcha shekhara,Kurchakesara,Kurcha sheershaka,Drida Neera,Kera Jala,Kera Phala

Trayaksha Phala-the fruit has 3 eyes

Tala Vruksha,Langali,Skandaphala,Dridha Neela,Neela taru,Daru ruha

General Information :

Habit- A perennial tall tree grows up to 80 ft. in height. Trunk- Straight or curved, marked with ring like leaf-scars. Leaves- 1.8 to 4.5 mtr. Long, leaf lets are equidistant, 60 to 90 cm long, linear-lanceolate. Inflorescence- Spadix, 1 to 2 mtr  long, stout.  Male flowers- Unsymmetric, petals are 6 mm long. Female flowers- Larger than the male flowers, 2.5 cm.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Madhura

Vipak- Madhura

Virya- Sheeta

Guna-Guru, Snigdha

 

Specific Parts :

Fruit(Phala), Flower(Pushpa), Root(Mula), Kashara, etc.,

Plant Types:

As per  stages- Young- with water only.

Doshaghnata :

Vatapittasamaka

Shloka’s :

           
नारिकेलो दृढफलो महावृक्षो महाफलः ।
तृणराजस्तृणफलस्तृणाह्वो दृढबीजकः ॥१॥

नारिकेलफलं शीतं दुर्जरं बस्तिशोधनम् ।
विष्टम्भि बृंहणं वृष्यं वातपित्तास्रदाहजित् ॥२॥

तस्याम्भः शीतलं हृद्यं दीपनं शुक्रलंलघु ।
तत्पादपशिरोमज्जा शुक्रला वातपित्तजित् ॥३॥

 

नारिकेलं हिमं स्निग्धं स्वादुपाकरसं गुरु l

तर्पण पाचनं वृष्यं ब्रुंहनं बलमांसकृत् l l

विष्टम्भी दुर्जरं हृदयं श्लेष्मलं बस्तीशोधानमl

दाहक्षतक्षयहरं वातपित्तास्रनाशनम l l कै नि

Benefits :

Internal application:

Water of raw fruit should be given in Pittavikaras  andrasakshaya being rishna and dahashamak. Kernel of raw fruit should be given in amlapitta and that of ripe fruit  should be used as malanulomana and adhmanahara in Pittajaparinamasholla. Delicate kernel and water of raw fruit should be used in gastric ulcer. Its kshara should be used in gulma and Kaphaja shola being bhedana and its flower being stambhana in niramaatisara and raktatisara. The water, flower and the raw fruit should be used as raktapittashamak. Raw fruit  water being pittashamak in mootrakrichchhra and Pittajaprameha. Its flower is used as mootrastambhana in bahumootrata. Ripe fruit should be used as vajeekarana being ushana and in kashtartava. Fresh fruit  should be used being balya in samnyadaurbalya and in kshaya.

Tender coconut water is used in dehydration,thirst,burning micturation and difficulty in passing urine as it contains lots of electrolytes in itself.

The inflorescence of Narikela is used in the preparations of medicine related to gynecological problems like dysmenorrhea,leucorrhea etc.

Grated Narikela fruit is used in hyperacidity,Colic ulcer,general debility and improvement of sexual vigor.

To treat acidity,indigestion and stomach ulcers,alkali prepared from Narikela is given with coconut water or honey in a dose of 2-3gm.

To reduce the hiccup,mixture of grated coconut is given with coconut water

Decoction prepared from Narikela inflorescence is given in diarrhea and diarrhea with blood

To treat hyperacidity,mouth ulcers,burning sensation in chest grated coconut is used.

 

External application :

Coconut Oil and Acne or Pimples

Acne is common during the stage of adolescence due to some hormonal changes experienced in puberty. One of these hormonal changes is the abnormally excessive secretion of oil (sebum) by the sebaceous glands. When bacteria mix up with sebum, then there is acne eruption.

Coconut oil contains medium chain fatty acids that boost the metabolic process in the body. Ingesting coconut oil can improve metabolism that enhances cell and hormonal functions. As a result of better digestion, there is regulated excretion of oil by the sebaceous glands.

For Skin

Many people experience dry skin. Untreated dry skin can cause premature wrinkling and ageing in the long run.

A solution to this is applying extra virgin coconut oil as alternative to your other body lotions. The usual lotion that you use primarily contains water that easily evaporates, thus, drying your skin. Coconut oil prolongs the moisture on your skin making it smooth and soft the whole day.

Eczema

Coconut oil cure can also be true to eczema. Eczema, an inflammation of the epidermis, is caused by hereditary factors, allergens like dust, pets, or plant pollens, and irritants like smoke or solvents. As a result, a person experiences itching, flaking, dryness, or even bleeding of the skin. Moisturizers are very important treatment for eczema and coconut oil is best for lasting moisture for the skin. This same effect of coco oil also treats psoriasis.

For Dry Scalp

Healthy scalp would mean healthy hair. Lauric acid converted into monolaurin is one of the antimicrobial properties of coconut oil. This acid is also found as ingredient in soaps and shampoo. By applying coconut oil, your scalp is kept moisturized and protected from fungi that cause dandruff.

Tender coconut water is used for washing the skin conditions of herpes,measles and chickenpox.It reduces the burning sensation of disease.

The burnt shell of Narikela and blck coloured thick oil extract is used in skin diseases and wounds.

Fiber content:

Coconut is high in dietary fibre and provides a whopping 61% of fibre. Coconut fibre slows down the release of glucose and transports it to the cell were it is converted into energy. It assists in relieving stress on the pancreas and enzyme systems which reduces the risk of developing diabetes.

Controls diabetes:

Coconut improves the insulin secretion and utilization of blood glucose. It controls diabetes by positively affecting the hormones for blood sugar control. This slows down the rise in blood sugar level and helps to reduce glycemic cravings. Coconut benefits quick digestion and other symptoms associated with digestive and bowel disorders. It supports absorption of nutrients and minerals while providing dietary fibre. It also reduces vomiting and nausea.

Overall health:

Research has proven that people who consume coconut daily are healthier when compared to those who don’t. In some countries it is a dietary fibre that people have thrived on for many generations.

Boosts energy:

Coconut helps to increase energy by burning fat. The triglycerides found in coconut oil increase 24 hours of energy expenditure by 5% leading to weight loss in the long run. It is also known to reduce hunger pangs. This is directly related to the way fatty acids in the body are metabolized as ketone as appetite reducing effect. People who consistently use coconut products have a stronger ability to go without eating for several hours with no effects of hypoglycaemia. It also promotes healthy thyroid function and helps to relieve the symptom of chronic fatigue.

Keeps you hydrated:

Coconut water contains crucial electrolytes that help in maintaining hydration. People involved in easy workouts and other strenuous activities should include as much coconut water as they can in their diet. Coconut water replaces the lost electrolytes, provides hydration and increases immune response. It is a better alternative to water as it is tastier than plain water and is loaded with nutrition.

Nutritious and healthy:

Coconut water is considered to be more nutritious and healthier than whole milk. It contains lauric acid which is considered equivalent to mother’s milk. It is naturally sterile as it permeates through the filtering husk. It also cures hangover. Coconut water has a natural isotonic beverage in the same level as that in the blood.

Prevents urinary tract infection:

The natural diuretic property of coconut treats urinary tract infections. It improves the flow of urine to get rid of the infection naturally.

Controls acidity and heart burn:

Coconut water can also help to alleviate acidity and heart burn problems.

Fights bacteria:

Coconut contains high content of monolaurin and lauric acid which helps to kill bacteria, viruses and fungi and keeps infections at bay.

Good for oral hygiene:

Coconut water can also be used as an out rinse to kill mouth bacteria, reduce bad breath and improve the overall dental health.

Qualities of Coconut Pulp-

Hima-coolant

Snigdha-unctuous,oily

Tarpana-nourishing,soothing

Pachana-Digestive,relieves Ama dosha

Vrushya-aphrodisiac,improves vigor

Brumhana-nourishing,nutritious

Balakrut-Improves strength and immunity

Mamsakrut-improves muscle strength

Vishtambhi-cause constipation

Durjara-takes a long time to undergo digestion

Hrudya-act a cardiac tonic

Shleshmala-increases Kapha Dosha

Bastishodhana-Cleanses urinary bladder

The Pulp of Coconut is used in-

Daha-burning sensation,as in gastritis,neuropathy,burning sensation in eyes etc

Kshata-injury,bleeding

Kshaya-depletion of body tissues,weight loss,tuberculosis

Pittasra-Raktapitta-Bleeding disorders such as nasal bleeding,heavy periods

Vatarakta-Gout

Tender coconut water-Narikelodaka

Hima-coolant

Snigdha-unctuous,oily

Madhura-sweet

Bastishodhana-cleases urinary bladder

Deepana-improves digestive strength

Shukrala-improves sperm and semen quantity and quality

Hrudya-act as a cardiac tonic

Laghu-light to digest

Narikelodaka Indicated in-

Trushna-excessive thirst

Daha-burning sensation of body

Pittahara

Coconut milk-

Vrushya-aphrodisiac,improve vigor

Snigdha-unctuous ,oily

Guru-heavy to digest,slightly hot

Balya-improves strength and immunity

Ruchya-improves taste,relieves anorexia

Kasahara-useful in cough and cold

Ghee prepared from coconut milk-

Brumhana-nourishing,nutritious

Balya-improves strength and immunity

Keshya-Improves hair strength,promotes hair growth

Balances vata and pitta

Madhura-sweet

Hrudya-acts as cardiac tonic

Ruchya-improve taste

Old Ghee-Is mainly used in Vata imbalance.It is used in neuralgia,paralysis,constipation and bloating

Coconut Oil-

Tikta-bitter

Ahrudya-not conductive for heart

Madhura-sweet

Bruhana-nourishing in nature

Balavardhana-Improves strength and immunity

Keshya-Pramotes hair growth

Balances Pitta and vata

Dantya-strengthen the teeth

Indicated in-

Kandu,Kotha,Raktapitta

 

Formulation (Kalp):

            Name                          Indication

Narikelalavana            Udarasula, Amalapitta

NarikelaKhanda          Amalapitta, Sula

TungadhrumaTaila     Sirovikara, Netravikara

Panchavalkadi tailam  skin diseases

Sindhuradi lepa             eczema

Tenginpushpadi tailam  headache,Rheumatoid arthritis

 

Dosage :

Oil (Taila)- 10 to 20 Drops

Ksara (Alkali)- 1 to 2 gm.

 

Home remedies :

Krimi(Worm infestation)

In case of krimi (Worm infestation) coconut (Cocosnucifera) water taken with Hingu (Ferula narthex) is beneficial.

Sarkara(Smaller stones)

Flowers of Narikela (Cocosnucifera)if taken with milk is useful in sarkara.

 

Research Corner :

Phytochemical constituents as well as antimalarial and toxicity potentials of the methanolicextract  of the husk fibre of Dwarf Red variety  of Cocosnucifera were evaluated. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, phenolics, saponins, glycosides, steroids andanthraquinones in the extract. Moreover, the extract  reducedparasitemia by 39.2% and 45.8% at doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg BW respectively on day 8 post –inoculation. Various hematological parameters evaluated were not significantly altered (P>0.05) at all doses of the extract, except red blood cell count which was significantly elevated (P<0.05) at 100 mg/kg BW. The extract significantly increased (P<0.05) urea, creatinine, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and bilirubin concentrations in the serum as well as atherogenic index while it reduced albumin concentration significantly(P<0.05) at higher doses of the extract compared to the controls.

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