Murva

मुर्वा सरा गुरु : स्वादुस्तिक्ता पित्तास्रमेहनुत् l

त्रिदोषतृष्णाहृद्रोगकंडूकुष्ठज्वरापहा l l भा प्र

Botanical Name :Marsedeniatenacissima Wight &Arn.

 Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order  –Gentianales

Family     –Asclepiadaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-     TriptighnaVarga, StanyasodhanaVarga

Sushruta-   PatoladiGana

Bhavprakash- Guducyadivarga

Vagabhata-Aragvadhadi,Patoladi

Dhanvantari Nighantu-Guduchyadi varga

Kaiyyadeva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga

Raja Nighantu-Guduchyadi varga

Shodala Nighantu-Guduchyadi varga

Other Names:

  • Assam: Murha
  • Bengali: Chitti, Jitti, Siti
  • Gujarat: Moravel
  • Hindi: Murva, Jartor, SafedNishoth, Chinhaur
  • Kannada: KoratigeHambu, KalluShambu, Koratige, Halukaratige, Kadaluhaleballi
  • Malayalam: Perumkurumba
  • Marathi: Morvel
  • Oriya: Murva, Murga
  • Tamil: Perunkurinjan
  • Telugu: Chagaveru
  • Urdu: TurbudSafed
  • Siddha: Perunkurinjan
  • Unani: Moorwa
  • Folk: Maruaa-bel
  • English: White Nishoth and Rajmahal Hemp
  • Sinhalese: Muruva-dul
  • Marma: Sakmaburo, Townoy
  • Tripura: Duabotoi
  • Khumi: Ayukaethui
  • Trade name:Murva

Sanskrit Names-

Moorva,Murva-The roots are strong from which the bowstring used to be made.

Tiktavalli-The taste of the plant is bitter

Piluparnika,Snigdhaparni,Madhustrava,Madhulika,Gokarni

Murangika,Devi,Devashreni,Pruthak twacha,Madhurasa,Atirasa,Peeluparnika,Triparni,Morata,Snigdharasa,Tejani,Sruva,Gokarni,Gopavalli

 

General Information:

Habit-  A Climber. Stem- Grows up to 20 ft. high and 4 cm. in diameter. Bark- Pale brown, rough corky, and deeply fissured. Leaves- Simple, 10 to 18 cm. long and 6 to 12 cm wide, ovate, acuminate, base is cordate, dull green above, basal nerves are 3 to 5 in numbers. Petiole is 4 to 9 cm long. Inflorescence- Many flowered extra-axillary cymes. Flowers- having companulate corolla. Fruit- Follicle, solitary, 7.5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, straight.Beaked, hairy with thick deeply wrinkled pericarp.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Madhura, Tikta

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Guru, Ruksha

 

Specific Parts :

Root.

Doshaghnata :

Tridoshashamak.

Shloka’s :

मुर्वा तिक्ता कषायोष्णा ह्रद्रोगकफवातह्रत|

वमीप्रमेहकुष्ठारीर्वीषमज्वरहारिणी || रा नि

मुर्वा सरा गुरु : स्वादुस्तिक्ता पित्तास्रमेहनुत् l

त्रिदोषतृष्णाहृद्रोगकंडूकुष्ठज्वरापहा l l भा प्र

मुर्वा स्वादु : स्वादुपाका गुरुष्णा तिक्तका सराl

जयेत् त्रिदोष कुष्ठास्रमेदो मेहवमिज्वरान् l l

मुखशोष कृमिकंडूतृष्णापित्तास्रहृद्रदा न् l l

मुर्वाकंदस्तु कृमिहृत् विषोघ्नो गुदकीलहा l l कै नि

Benefits :

It is used in amadosha, amlapitta, vibandha, kamala, shola and in krimis being deepana, pachana, anulomana, pittasarak, shola prashamana and krimighna. It is used in hridroga and raktadushti being hridya and raktashodhana and also in prameha. In stanyadushtija diseases being stanyashodhana; in kushtha and vishamajvara.

Murva decoction is used to treat intestinal worm,lack of appetite,hyperacidity and jaundice.Dose-50-60ml

Murva swaras is used as blood purifier.

Cold infusion of Murva root or decoction of Murva root is given in a condition related to defeciency of breast milk.Dose-40-50ml

Root decoction of Murva is used to treat diabetes .Dose-30-40ml

Murva root decoction is also given to improve the strength of cardiac muscles.

The root exudate of murva is given in constipation.

Leave decoction of Murva is used in gonorrhea and flatulence

Dried leave powder of Murva is used in cough,vomiting and fever.

Leave paste of Murva is applied xternally over burn injury

Chardi (Vomitting)

Murva (Marsedeniatenacissima) taken with rice water will check Chardi (Vomitting)

Netraroga(Disorders of eyes)

Anjana (Collyrium) prepared from Murva (Marsedeniatenacissima) rock salt, Taila (Oil) after heating it in bronze vessel is useful in eye diseases especially pain in eyes.

  1. The decoction of the leaves is given for flatulence and as a remedy for gonorrhea.
  2. The dried flowers and leaves of are used internally for cough, vomiting, fever and as an

appetizer.

  1. The paste is applied externally over major burns.
  2. It is used as ingredient in preparation of medicated oil which is applied on skin diseases,

fractures, convulsions, hemiplegia, facial paralysis and cephalalgia.

  1. For fungal infections of skin, the sap obtained by breaking the leaf is applied externally.
  2. This plant is also used in the treatment of paralysis.

Kanda or Rhizome of Murva is indicated in-

Krumi-worm infestation

Gudakeela-Arsha-haemorrhoids

Visha-Toxic conditions,poisoning

 

Formulation (Kalp):

            Name                                      Indication

Jwaraharakasaya                    Jwara

PramehaMihiraTaila              Prameha

MahatiktakaGhrita                 Kustha, Arsas

Lodrasava                                  Leucoderma,obesity,piles

Mahayogaraj guggul            joint disoders

Shri gopal Tail                          Neuro-muscular disoders

Ayaskriti                                       Anemia

Mahamanjishthadi Kashaya       skin disease

Dosage :

Kwatha (Decoction)- 50 to 100 ml.

Research Corner :

Tenacissoside C, a natural bioactive compound of C21 steroidal saponins, was solated and purified  from air-dried stems  of Marsdeniatenacissima. In the present study, the MTT assay showed that tenacissoside C exhibited obvious cytotoxicity in K562 cells with IC50 values of 31.4;22.2and 15.1 NM for 24,48 and 72 h, respectively. Flow cytometryanaluysis indicated that the ant proliferative activity induced by tenacissoside C might be executed via GO/G1 cell cycle arrest and proapoptosis in K562 cells.

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