Mulaka

Mulaka

नासिकाकन्ठरोगघ्नं  नयनामयनाशनम|

मह्त्तदेव रुक्षोष्ण  गुरु दोषत्रप्रदम||भा प्र

Botanical Name :Raphanussativus Linn.

 Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order  –Parietales

Family     – Cruciferae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-    Haritavarga

Sushruta-sakavarga

Bhavprakash- sakavarga,Mishraka Prakarana

Kaiydeva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga

Dhanvantari Nighantu-Karveeradi Varga

Raja Nighantu-Moolakadi varga

Other Names :

Common name: Radish

  • Hindi: mauli, mulak, muli
  • English Name-Radish
  • Manipuri: Mula
  • Marathi: mula
  • Malayalam: molabham, mullaanki, patiram
  • Telugu: mullangi
  • Kannada: molamgi, mulamgi, mullamgi
  • Bengali: mulo
  • Farasi -Tukh,Turba
  • Kashmiri: muju
  • Konkani: mulo
  • Arabian Name-Fajal,Hujal
  • Urdu: fujul
  • Gujarati: mulo

Sanskrit Names-

Haripatra-Having green leaves

Mruttika Kshara-It has kshara qualities,found underneath ground

Neelakanda,Mahakanda,Hastikanda

Ruchishya-improves taste

As per Bhavprakash,

Small radish-Bala Moolaka-Shala Markataka,Visra,Shaleya,Marusambhava,Chanakya Moolaka

General Information :

Habit- annual herb. Stem- 20 to 100 cm. high, fistular, glabrous or hispid often purple coloured. Leaves- lower leaves are seen as hairy petioles of 3 to 5 cm long, lyrate-Pinnatfid, terminal lobes are suborbicular or shortly ovate, margin is repand or crenate, lateral lobes are alternate, oblong, ovate, denatate or subentire, oblong,ovate, dentate or subentire, Upper, ovate, dentate or subentire. Upper leaves are having shorter petiole, 2-1 jugate, terminal lobe oblong- ovate, margin is coarsely dentate. Inflorescence- raceme with 8 to 30 flowers.

Flowers- scented, white or lilac with yellow or purple veins.

Fruits- Pods, erect, cylindrical, 3 to 9 cm long, with light brown coloured seeds.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Katu

Vipak- katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Tikshna, Laghu

Specific Parts :

Root, Leaf, Seed

Plant types :

Chanakya and Nepalamoolaka

Kaiyyadeva Nighantu and Bhava Prakash mention about 2 types of Radish-

Bala Moolaka-small variety

Mahat Moolaka-Bigger variety

Doshaghnata :

Raw-Tridoshahara.

Overripe- Tridoshakara.

Shloka’s :

लघुमुलं कटूष्नं स्याद्रुच्यं  च लघु पाचणम|

दोषत्रयहरं स्वर्य ज्वरश्र्वासविनाशनाम ||

नासिकाकन्ठरोगघ्नं  नयनामयनाशनम|

मह्त्तदेव रुक्षोष्ण  गुरु दोषत्रप्रदम||भा प्र

मूलकं गुरु विष्टंभी तीक्ष्णमामत्रिदोषनुत्l

तदेव स्विन्नं स्निग्ध च कटूष्नं कफवातनुत् l l

त्रिदोषशमनं शुष्कं विषदोषहरं लघु l l ध नि

Qualities of Bala Moolaka-

Atyalpa Kshara-has less scrapping effect

Tikta-bitter taste

Ushna-hot in nature

Ruchya-improves taste,useful in anorexia

Svarya-improves voice

Pachana-digestive

Laghu-light to digest

Tridoshahara-Balances all three doshas

Indicated in-

Jwara-fever

Shwasa-Asthma,

Nasaroga-diseases of nose

Kantha roga-Throat disoders

Akshiroga-eye disoders

Rochana-improves taste,appetizer

Deepana-improves digestion sthrength

Hrudya-Cardio-tonic

Dadru-ringworm

Ama-a product of altered digestion and metabolism

Shoola-abdominal colic

Kota-Urticaria

Udavarta-bloating

Peenasa-Rhinitis

Gulma-Abdominal tumor,distension

Kasa-cold,cough

Kshaya-tuberculosis

Vrana-ulcers,wounds

Qualities of Big Variety-Maha Moolaka

Katu-Pugent

Swadu-sweet

Swadu paka-undergoes sweet taste conversion after digetion

Tridoshakrut-imbalances all the three dosha

Rooksh-dry

Vidahi-Causes burning sensation

Teekshna-strong,piercing

Ushna-hot

Utkleshi-causes nausea

Stambhi-causes constipation

Guru-heavy to digest

Benefits :

mulaka seed is useful in productive cough,digestive disodersand bloating abdomen.It is mild purgative in nature hence used in constipation.

Seed paste of Mulaka is used o treat amenorrhoea.Dose-1-3grams

In Charaka Samhita (sutra-14) mulaka herb is used for Nadi swedanam.

To treat the bloating abdomen and gaseous abdomen distension,boiled barley is used with radish juice and 1tsf of ghee.(Ref-Charak Chikitsta-5)

Kaphaja Grahani-

Dry radish soup is mixed with spices like pepper and ginger .This preparation is used in the treatment of IBS associated with low digestion strength,heaviness,excess salivation,mucous discharge.(Charak chikitsa-15)

Arsa (Piles)

Dried Mulaka (Raphanussativus) is crushed and put it in a cloth and fomentation given on arsas (Piles).

Kustha(Skin disorder)

In case of Kustha (Skin disease) application of paste prepared from Mulaka (Raphanussativus) and avalaguja (Psoraleacorylifolia) and cow’s urine is much beneficial.

Radish for cancer treatment

Radishes contain a compound called isothiocynates which fights against cancer like colon cancer. Isothiocynates, a cancer fighting agent, helps to control oral cancer, colon cancer, intestinal cancer, kidney cancer and stomach cancer.  A study was conducted by Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University showed that radishes genetically alter the path of cancer cells.

Radishes contain vitamin C

Radishes contain plenty of vitamin C and a half cup of radish gives you about 14% of your daily recommended vitamin C. If you eat radish regularly, it means you may keep away from many diseases. The vitamin C content helps to build tissue, blood vessels, bones and teeth. This vitamin also develops your immune system.   Radish also has other vitamins and minerals such as folate, vitamin B, vitamin K, potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc, copper, sodium, and phosphorous. Vitamin C saves you from harmful free radicals.

Radish  good for skin diseases

Radish is full of vitamin C, Zinc, B-complex and phosphorous. These minerals and vitamins are very useful in the treatment of skin disorders such as rashes and dry skin.  Radishes are used as face pack and help to provide refreshing look.

Radish cures piles

Radish is known for fiber and roughage along with plenty of water.  Since, it contains plenty of roughage; it is very effective in the treatment of PilesConstipation. If you have digestion problems, it is better to opt to radish juice. Radishes stimulate the production of bile thereby helps in digestion.

Radish for jaundice treatment

Radish is the excellent detoxifier, removes bilirubin from the blood and very useful for jaundice patients. Black radish and radish leaves are also very useful in curing of jaundice.  It helps to purify blood and increases the oxygen carrying capacity of blood.  Radish is the panacea for Jaundice patient. It not only removes bilirubin but also stops its production.

Grind fresh leaves of Mulaka,boil this paste with water.Strain this solution.This decoction should be consumed in a dose of 50ml,thrice a day to treat jaundice.

Mulaka juice (70 ml) should be taken with powdered sugar(40gm) to treat Jaundice.

Abdominal Pain-

Mulaka juice (25ml) is given with saidhav lavan and black pepper to treat the abdominal pain.

Ear Disoders-

Mix Mulaka juice with Til tail and cook this until oil is left add this prepared oil in to the both ears in ear pain.(2 drops)

Mix Mulaka extract(3gm) with honey (20gm).Dip a piece of cotton in this solution and place this cotton in ear.It controls the leakage of ear.

Acidity-

Advice to eat fresh soft Mulak with sugar to cotrol the acidity.

Mulaka leave juice (10-20ml)should be taken wwith sugar after meal.It helps to cures the many digestive disoders.

Swelling-

Mulaka seeds(1-2gm) with sesame seeds(5gm) should be taken 3 times a day in case of swelling.

Eye problems-Juice is prepared from white mulaka.Rinse the eyes with this juice and water.It helps to cures haziness of eyes and other eye disoders.

Paste of Mulaka seed with warm water helps in cleasing of throat.

Radish for asthma cure

Radish is considered as one of the best food for asthmatic patients. It helps to relieve respiratory congestion and also the sinus problems.

Radish for kidney disease

Radish is considered as one of the best foods for kidney cleansing.  Radish is a natural diuretic.  It helps to prevent urinary tract infection and burning sensation of urinary problems.

Mulaka juice is used in a dose of 20-40ml thrice a day to normalise the urine formation.

In case of Kidney pain-take 10gm of Kalmishora grind it in 120gm of mulaka swarasa,dry this preparation .Take 1-2 tablets twice a day.

Syphilis-

Cut the Mulaka in to 4 pieces,add 6gm of roasted alum on it.Keep this as it is for overnight.Eat this mulaka in nex morning.

Radish lowers blood pressure

Radish contains higher amount of Potassium and also some levels of sodium. Sodium is known for increasing blood pressure while it is counteracted  by potassium.  If somebody is suffering from blood pressure or high blood pressure, he should take radish regularly to overcome BP.

Radish for weight loss

Radish has sufficient amount of roughage and fiber. It is low in calorie and glycemic level.  It has no fat and cholesterol. If one use radish in one’s regular diet, it plays a greater role in filling stomach, satisfy your hunger thereby helps in weight loss.  Radishes are high in water content and carbohydrate keep weight loss under control.  Diabetic patient can eat radish without any problems because it is low in gylcemic level.

Contains Antimicrobial And Antibacterial Properties

The roots also have antibacterial and antimicrobial properties that help us cure a lot of diseases.

 Provides Liver Health

Radishes are extremely good for the liver and stomach. They are powerful detoxifying agents and help purify blood and eradicate waste and toxins.

Treats Jaundice

They have been known to treat Jaundice as it eliminates bilirubin and stabilizes its production level.

Is Effective Against Hypertension

Stress and blood pressure—these lifestyle disorders have become commonplace among passing generation. Blame wrong dietary habits, inactivity, and long work hours! Radishes, with their high potassium content, are a known home cure for hypertension.

Helps In Detoxification

Radish is a natural laxative that efficiently detoxifies the body by eliminating the waste products through the colon and kidney. It helps in digestion too by spurring the production of bile.

Helps Proper Functioning Of The Respiratory System

Daikon radish juice is effective in dissolving phlegm and mucus, thus aiding the proper functioning of the respiratory system. It combats viral infections and can prevent diseases like flu, bronchitis, and asthma.

Eradication Of Fungus

Radish juice contains enzymes like amylase, esterase, and diastase that are useful in eradicating a fungus named ‘candida albicans.’ When this fungus is removed, the body is immune to a range of diseases, fibromyalgia being one of them.

Prevents Cancer

Containing Vitamin C, folic acid, and anthocyanin, Radish juice helps to curb the growth of cancerous cells. In fact, radish juice is known to help in treating colon cancer, kidney cancer, stomach cancer and cancer in the intestines.

  1. Treats jaundice

Radishes act as a detoxifier which helps to purify the blood by eliminating the waste and toxins. It also treats jaundice by removing bilirubin and maintains its production level. It lowers the red blood cells destructions by raising the supply of oxygen to the blood. Black radishes and the leaves are useful to treat jaundice.

  1. Prevent piles

Radishes possess an indigestible carbohydrate which helps to facilitate water retention, digestion, prevent constipation which is the main causes of piles. It acts as a good detoxifier which helps to heal the piles symptoms very quickly. The juice extracted from Radishes helps to soothe the excretory and digestive system by providing relief from the symptoms of piles.

  1. Urinary disorders

Radishes are diuretic which increases the urine production. The radishes juice treats inflammation and the burning feeling while urinating. It cleans the kidneys, eliminates infections in the urinary system and kidneys. It treats the urinary conditions which are caused by the presence of excess system.

  1. Cures constipation

Radishes are rich in fiber which adds bulk to the bowel movements, enhances excretory patterns and relieves the constipation along with its symptoms. It firms the loose bowels. Radishes enhance the bile production which is considered as an important part of digestion and assist to protect the gallbladder and liver.

  1. Respiratory health

Radishes reduce the congestion of respiratory systems along with the nose, wind-pipe, throat, lungs irritation caused due to infections, colds or allergies. It is rich in vitamins which protects the infections of respiratory systems.

Formulation (Kalp):

            Name                                      Indications

Mulakadyataila                       Vatavyadhi

MulakadiKasaya                      Pama, Vranasotha

MulakaKsara                           Asmari, Mutrakricchra

SuskamulakadyaGhrita           Udavarta

Suskamulaka Tail                  Shoth

Sarshapadi Pralepa             Granthi

Dosage :

            Swarasa(Juice)-20 to 30 ml.

Choorna(Powder)- 1 to 3 gm.

Research Corner :

A bioassay-guided fractionation and chemical investigation of the MeOH extract of Raphanussativus seeds resulted in the isolation and identification of eight phenylpropanoidsucrosides (1-8) incuding two new compounds, named raphasativuside A and B (1-2) from the most active CHCI3 S soluble fraction. The structures of these new compounds were elucidated through spectral analysis, including extensive 2DNMR data, and chemical raction experiments. The anti-inflammatory effects of 1-8 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated murine microglia BV2 cells is evaluated. Compounds 2 and 5 exhibited significant inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production in LPS- activated BV-2 cells with IC50 values of 21.63 and 26.96 uM. Respectively. All isolates were also evaluated for their antiproliferative activities against four human tumor cell lines (A549,Sk-OV-3 SK-MEL-2, and HCT-15). Compounds 1-7 showed consistent cytotoxicity against A549,SK-OV-3,SK-MEL-2 and HCT-15 cell lines with IC 50 values f 6.71-27.92 uM.

Side Effects-

Never consume Fish with Rdish it act as poison

Never consume Radish after consumption of milk

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