महानिम्ब हिमो रूक्षास्तिक्तो ग्राही कषायक:│
Botanical Name :Melia azadirachta. Linn.
According To Modern
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Not included in Varga
Other Names :
Scientific Name: Melia Azedarach
Bengali: Ghoranim, Mahanim, Gora-Nim
English: Persian Lilac, Chinaberry, Bead Tree, Bastard Cedar, Indian/Barbados/Cape Lilac, Bakain, Drek, Deikna
Gujrati: BakanLimado, BakaiNimbu
Hindi: Bakain, Drek, Deikna, Bakarja, MallaNim
Punjabi: Dharek, Bakain, Drek
Sanskrit: Ramyaka, Dreka
Tamil: Malaivembu, MallayVembu, Puvempu, Malaivembu
Telugu: Turakavepa, TarakaVepa
Urdu: Maghz-E-Bakain, Bakaayan
French: Lilas Des Antilles, Lilas Des Indes ,FleursLilas, PimentD’eau
German: Zedarachßaum, Paternosterßaum
Indonesia: Marambung, Mindi, Gringging
Italian: Albero Dei Paternostri
Nepali: Bakena, Bakaina, Bakaino
Trade Name: Persian Lilac
General Information :
Habit – big tree grows upto 40 ft. in height. Trunk – Very thick. Leaves – Compound, very big 20 to 45 cm long, bipinnate, pinnae are opposite or alternate, Ultimate leaflets are ovate or lanceolate, obtusely serrate, glabrous on both the surfaces. Petioles are short and slender. Inflorescence – Axillary panicles. Flowers – Fragrant, long peduncled, lilac coloured, petals are 1.5 cm long. Fruits – Drupe, ellipsoid – globose and 4 seeded.
Types Of Plant’s :
It’s leaves are bigger and flowers are greenish white.
Rasa-Tikta, Kasaya, Katu
Specific Parts :
Bark, Root, Seed
महानिम्ब हिमो रूक्षास्तिक्तो ग्राही कषायक:│
A polutice is prepared with Mahanimba flower and leaves.This polutice is applied to treat the nervous headache.
Oil prepared from seeds of Mahanimba is used in rheumatism.
Gargle of Mahanimba leaves decoction with alum is advisiable in mouth ulcers. Mouth wash with leaves decoction also recommanded in Gingivitis.
Paste of fresh leaves of Mahanimba is used to cure wounds,carbuncles and abscess.
Fruit paste of mahanimba is applied externally in skin allergy.
Washing of private parts with Mahanimba patra decoction cures the vaginal infection.
It is useful in gridhrasi, arsha, krimi, raktadushti, kasa, shvasa, kashtartava, skin diseases, chaturthikajvara, daurbalya and in poisoining caused by rat- bite.
Krimi (Worm infestation)
Mahanimbaleaves juice (Melia azadarach) is given internally in the treatment of krimi (Worms). Dose-50-60ml
Mahanimba (Melia azedarach) seed (6) is boiled with rice water, then 5 gm of ghee is added and taken internally, it is good remedy for prameha (Diabetes).
An aqueous extract of the heartwood relieves asthmatic attacks.
leaves juice application in hair roots gives good result in dandruff
Leaves decoction is given in hernia.
Bark paste is applied for joint pain.Boil leaves of Mahanimba applied over the affected part gives elief from pain in case of gout.
Kidney problem, increased uric acid, serum creatinine
Bark decoction of mahanimba is given in kidney disorders for better result.Dose-30-40ml,twice a day
Local application of freash leaf juice over the affected parts gives good results in eczema,ring worm and itching.
Root paste of Mahanimba with honey is given to treat the fever
Dose-5 gm Bd for 5 days.
flowers paste application on the head is effective for lice.
Leprosy and scrofulous ulcers-
Local application of poultices of Mahanimba bark is advisiable in leprosy and scrofulous ulcers.
Fresh juice of Mahanimba leaves in a dose of 5ml twice a day is given to treat menstrual disoders like heavy menses,irregular menses.
Small pieces of bark put in to water filled container for whole night.Next day filter it .This liquid is used to treat the ArshasDose-10ml Bd
Bark powder in a dose of 5gm with old jaggery ,twice a day is also recommonded in Arsha.
Decoction preapared with Mahanimba root bark (10gm), Nirgundi leaves (5-7eaves) and water(400ml)is used to treat the Sciatica.
Advice to chew 25-30 gm of Mahanimba leaves of for 3 days for the removal of internal parasites.
Boil the bark of Mahanimba(5gm) ,tulsi leaves(7 leaves) in 200ml f water and reduced it till 50ml.Filter this solution and take in a dose of 5ml Bd to treat the Malaria.
Formulation (Kalp) :
Bhrihat Manjishtadi Kwath
Kavatha – 50 to 100 ml.
Beeja – 1 to 3 gm.
Fruits of Mahanimba are poisonous in nature.In large amount it can be toxic and produces symptoms like vomitting,abdominal pain,bloody faeces.
7-8 seeds of Mahanimba prove toxic for adults.
It is unsafe during pregnancy and lactation
It can cause mouth burning,vomitting with blood and less amount of urine production.
Overdose of root bark may cause-respiratory pasralysis,tachycardia,ptosis,blueish discolouration of lips and muscle weakness.
It also cause hepatitis,splenomegaly,GI bleeding or circulatory and respiratory failure.
Research Corner :
This study was conducted to determine antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic acitivities of extracts of Melia azedarach bark with methanol/water (9:1 v/v), chloroform, butanol, hexane, water and ethyl acetate. For the determination of the antimicrobial activities, the agar well diffusion method was employed. Cytotoxicity was studied by brine shrimp lethality assay; antioxidant activities were measured using, 1,1-dipheny1-2-picrylhydrazyl.