The diseases which manifest in to the body due to few causative factors, appears with very few signs and symptoms and settle down with little treatment or least medicines are known as Kshudra Rogas.
Aacharya Charaka has not explained the ‘Kshudra Roga.’ While other Aacharyas like Sushrut,Vagbhata and Madhavkar has explained the separate chapter of Kshudra roga in their text .
Types of Kshudra Roga-
According to Sushruta there are 44 Kshudra rogas
According to Vagbhata there are 36 Kshudra rogas
According to Madhava Nidan there are 43 types of Kshudra Rogas.
There are some variation in names of Kshudra rogas in different Samhitas. Like Vagbhata has named Indravidda ( Sushruta ) as Vidda, Andhalaji (Sushruta) as Alaji, Mashaka( Sushruta) as Masha, Nyachcha (Sushruta) as Lochchana.
There are also variation in their classification or criteria like Aacharya Vagbhata has included Indralupta, Palita,Darunaka and Arumshika (said by Sushruta) in Shiro Roga Adhyaya because all these diseases occur in the head.
Vagbhata has included Parivartika, Avapaatika and Niruddhaprakasha ( said by Sushruta) in Guhya Roga Adhayaya
Vagbhata has included Ahiputana (said by Sushruta) under Balaroga because it has occurred in childrens.
While different Acharyas explained different types of Kshudra rogas in their text.Like Acharya Vagbhata has not mentioned
Anushayi,Rakasa,Padadarika,Vrushana kachchu and Gudabhramsha which was explained by Sushruta While Aacharya Vagbhata has mentioned
Gardami,Gandhanama,Rajika,Prasupti,Irivellika,Utkotha and Kotha in addition to thoses explained by Sushruta in the context of Kshudra Rogas
Aacharya Sushruta has included Pama and Vicharchika under both Kshudra Rogas and also Kushta while Aacharya Vagbhata and Madhavakara has covered this two diseases under the Kushta vyadhi.
Aacharya Madhavakara has explained Masurika and Visphota in his text as a independent chapters and presented them as major diseases. While Aacharya Sushruta an Vagbhata explained this diseases under the Kshudra rogas
Aacharya Vagbhata mentioned Utkotha and Kotha under Kshudra Roga criteria while Madhavkara explauined them as a independent chapter
Madhavakara has not mentioned Rakasaa (explained by Sushruta) and Rajika and Prasupti (explained by Vagbhata). He has included Neelika and Varaahadamshtra in excess.
Kshudra Rogas And Types-
Ajagallika – Eruptions or blisters occurring in children
Yavaprakhya – Blisters or eruption of the shape of barley occurring in muscles
Andhalaji / Antralaji – Big sized elevated blisters or eruptions
Vivrutaa – Broad eruptions with burning sensation
Kachchapika – Hard elevated area with eruptions resembling shell of tortoise
Valmeeka – Cystic swelling having the shape of anthill appearing over
neck,armpit,hands,foot and joints
Indraviddha / Indravruddha – Eruption appearing in the shape of lotus bud
Panasika – Painful blisters appearing inside the ear or over the ears
Pashana Gardhaba – Hard swelling occurring in the joint of the lower (temporo-mandibular joint)
Jalagardabha – Suppurated swelling spreading like herpes
Kaksha – Black painful eruption occurring in axilla(armpit)
Visphotaka – Blisters or eruptions appearing in the form of fire burns
Agnirohini – Eruption occurring in armpit with severe burning sensation
Chippa – Painful swelling of nail bed
Kunakha – Drying and blackish discoloration of nails
Anushayee – Deep rooted suppurating eruprtion
Vidaarikaa – Red eruption occurring in armpit and groin,shape of Vidari (Pueraria tuberosa)
Muscles, blood vessels and ligaments,which break open and discharge secretions
Pama – Scabies,itching in the groins or inguinal folds (folds between thighs,habds rtc)
Vicharchika – multiple eruptions with oozing and sisocoloration
Rakasa – skin sisease
Padadari – Cracks appearing in the foot
Kadara – Painful hard swelling appears in the sole of the foot
Alasa – Discharges with itching and pain occurring in between the toes
Khalitya (Indralupta, Rujya) – Hair fall (which doesn’t grow back)
Garunaka – Hard eruptions over the scalp with itching and dryness
Arumshika – small, oozing blisters occurring over the scalp and face
Palita – Greying of hairs
Masurika – Reddish – yellow eruptions occurring all over the body and in the throat
Mukha Dushika (Yuvana Pidika) – Eruptions on the face of teenagers
Padminikantaka – Round elevated swelling with thorny eruptions similar to the thorms of Lotus palnt
Jatumani – Small painless black colored swelling over the surface of the skin present right from the birth
Mashaka – Painless,hard,elevated mole
Tilakalala – Black colored,sesame shaped spots
Nyachcha – White or grey colored spots
Charmakeela – skin warts
Vyanga – Painless small, grey colored circular patch
Neelika – Painless small, black colored circular patch
Parivartika – Rolling back of the foreskin of penis over the glans, causing pain and suppuration,caused due tomasturbation etc practices
Avapaatikaa – Cracks appearing over the foreskin of the penis
Niruddhaprakasha – Total closure of the glans penis by foreskin, blocking the free passage of urine
Sanniruddha Guda – Narrowing of anal passage causing difficulty to void faeces
Ahipootana – Small eruptions occurring in the anal region along with itching and discharges, caused due to lack of cleanliness
Vrushana Kachchu – Itching of scrotum
Gudabramsha – Prolapse of anus