Kadali

Kadali

कदली मधुरा शीता रम्या पित्तहरा मृदू :l

कदल्यास्तु फलं स्वादु कषयं नाती शीतलम्  l

रक्तपित्तहरं वृष्यं रुच्यं कफकरं गुरु l

कंदस्तु वातलो रुक्ष: शीतोsसृक्कृमि कुष्ठ नुत् l l ध नि

Botanical Name  ofKadali:Musa paradisiacal. Linn.

Classification of Kadali:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Zingiberales

Family    –Musaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Not mentioned in Varga

Sushruta- LodhradiGana

Bhavprakash- AmradiPhalaVarga, Sakavarga

Dhanvantari Nighantu-Karveeradi varga

Kaiyyadeva Nighantu-Vihara varga

Raja Nighantu-Amradi varga

 

Other Names  ofKadali:

Hindi name- Kela, amrit, kachkula,kela,maozkula
English name- Banana tree, Plantain
Gujarati name- Kela
Kannada name- Bale gida
Malayalam name- Palam, etavale, ettakaya, kadalam.
Marathi name- Kela
Telugu name- Aratichettu, amritapany, ananti, kadali, batisa, bontarati.
Tamil name- Valakkai. Banana flower – Valapoo, stem – Valathandu
Persian name – darakhte-mouz, mouz,talh.
Arab name – mouz,shajratul-mouz.
Marathi name – kadali, kel, kela.

Sanskrit Synonyms-

Swaduphala-Fruits are sweet

Deergapatra-The leaves are big

Bhruhatpushpa-The flowers are big

Palashika-having big leaves similar to Palasha

Amrit-The plant and fruits are beneficial to body like panacea

Hastibusa,Hasti Vishanika-loved by elephants

Rambha,Sukumar,Amshumati,Kalirasa,Rambha,Viramshumat Phala,Charmanvati,Bhanuphala,Mocha,Muktasara,Granthini,Kasthalika

General Information of Kadali:

Habit- a tall stoloniferous perennial herb grows upto 20 ft. Leaves- oblong, 1 to 3 mtr long and 20 to 30 cm wide, suddenly truncate at both the ends. Petiole is also quite long upto 50 cm. Leaf sheaths are forming upto 50 cm. leaf sheaths are forming pseudo stems. Inflorescence- cymose inflorescence, all partial inflorescences are arranged spirally on long, dropping stout axis. Bracts are large, broadly ovate, 20 to 40 cm long and 15 to 30 cm wide, brownish red in colour. Flowers- are unisexual Fruit- Oblong to fusiform shaped 8 to 20 cm long and fleshy, available in various colours.

Types Of Plant’s of Kadali :

Champaka( Sonakadali ), Velchi,

Vasai, Rajali, lokhandi, Bambai,etc

 

 

Properties (Gunadharma) of Kadali :

Rasa-Madhura, kasaya

Vipak- Madhura

Virya- Sita

Guna-Guru, Snigdha

 

Specific Partsof Kadali :

Fruit, Flower, stem, rhizome, leaf.

 

Doshaghnataof Kadali :

Vata- Pitta shamak, Kaphavardhak.

 

कदली मधुरा शीता रम्या पित्तहरा मृदू :l

कदल्यास्तु फलं स्वादु कषयं नाती शीतलम्  l

रक्तपित्तहरं वृष्यं रुच्यं कफकरं गुरु l

कंदस्तु वातलो रुक्ष: शीतोsसृक्कृमि कुष्ठ नुत् l l ध नि

 

Benefits of Kadali:

External Application-

The fruit pulp and flowers of kadali is applied over the burnt injuries as a part of treatment.

The paste of root of rhizome of Kadali is applied over the lower abdominal area in case of Dysuria.

To treat the skin infection and eczema.the ash obtained after burning of banana stem is mixed with turmeric powder is applied over the affected area.

Internal-

Raw fruits vegetable is used in niramaatisara or grahani.

Panaka of ripe fruit  is given in trishna. Stem juice is also useful to overcome rasakshaya and trishna

 

Stem juice of kadali used in vishuchika and in unmade, apasmara as well as in mootrakrichchhra.

Vegetable prepared from the flower and ripe fruit is used in daha and stem juice in Mallavishabadha( Arsenic poisoning ).

The ripened fruit of Kadali is given in dry cough but it should be avoided in productive cough.

The fresh juice obtained from Kadali stem is given in the treatment of hysteria,dehydration and burning sensation.Dose-15-20ml

The ripened banana fruit is used  in the treatment of seminal debility,vaginal discharge and general debility.

Raw banana is also used in the treatment of cholera.

Salad prepared from stem of kadali is consumed to treat constipation and burning sensation during micturation.

To treat Hyperacidity, banana flower is used.

 

Mutrakrichra (Dysuria)

In case of Mutrakrichra (Dysuria) kadali juice mixed with Ela  should be taken.

The juice of banana stem is given in a dose 20-25ml to treat renal calculi and leucorrhea.

Pradara (Metrorrhagia)

Kadali Fruits should be eaten with ghee in case of Pradara (Metrorrhagia).

 

 

Formulation (Kalp)of Kadali :

Name                          Indications

Kdaliphala Yoga          Bhasmakaroga

Kadalyadiksarataila    Pleeha

KadalyadiGhritam       kasa, Swasa

KsaraTaila                   Karnanada, Puyasrava

 

Dosage :

Svarasa – 15 to 30 ml.

Kshara – 0.5 to 1 gm.

Panaka – 15 to 20 gm.

 

Chemical Compositionof Kadali :

The ripened fruit of Banana contains about 22% sugar, starch, albuminoid, Vitamin C, B and A. An anti-ulcerogenicacylsteryl glycoside, sitoindoside IV, has been isolated from unripe banana. A pectin containing hexoses (32.4%) and uronic acid (52.5%) has been isolated from the pith of the stem.

 

Research Cornerof Kadali:

A study is done to evaluate the effect of unripe plantain (Musa paradisica) on markers of hepatic dysfunction in streptozotocin induced Diabetic rats. The diabetic rats had significant alteration (P<0.05) of blood glucose, relative liver weight (RLW), relative kidney weight (RKW), relative pancreatic weight (RPW) ,  serum and hepatic AST, ALT and ALP : serum total and conjugated bilurbin and serum lipase activities compared with non diabetic while these parameters were significantly  improved (P<0.05) in the rats fed unripe plantain. Amelioration of acute pancreatitis by unripe plantain could play  a key role in its management of diabetes and related complications.

Side Effects-

Ripe fruit takes long time to digest and can increase Kapha.Hence it is not ideal during low digestion strength ,during cold,cough and asthma.

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