Ishvari

नाकुली तुवरा तिक्ता कटुकोष्णा नियच्छती ।

भोगीलूतावृश्र्चीकाखुविषज्वर कृमीव्रनान ।।भा प्र

         Botanical Name :AristolochiaIndicalinn.

·        Classification:

§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom –Plantae

o   Order –Piperales

o   Family     –Aristolochiaceae

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak- Not Classified in VArga
  • Sushruta- Not Classified in Gana
  • Bhavprakash- HaritakyadiVarga
  • Raja Nighantu-Mulakadi varga

§  Other Names :

Siddha name: Adagam
Hindi name: Isharmul, Isarmul, Hooka bel
English name: Indian Birthwort, Snake root
Arabic name: Zaravande
Assamese name: Jarvande
Bengali name: Ishormul, Isheri
Gujarati name: Sapsan, Ruhimula, Iswarimool
Kannada name: IshwariBeru, ToppaluKonkani name: Sapsikaddul
Marathi name: Sapasan
Malayalam name: Garudakkoti, Garudakkodi, Karaleyan, Cheriyaarayan
Oriya name: Gopikaron
Sinhalese name: Sapsanda
Tamil name: Adagam, Isadesatti, Isura, Isuramuli, lyavari, Karudakkodi, Kirttikkodi, Neya, Perumarindu, Perumaruntu, Perunkilangu, Sarsugadi, Talaichuruli
Telugu name: Ishveraveru, Esvaraveru
Urdu name: Zarawand Hindi

Sanskrirt Synonyms-

Nakuli,Ahigandha,Arkamula,Garuda,Ishvara,Ishvari,Nakuleshtha,Nakuli,Sunanda,Rudrajata,Ishwari,Nakuli,Arkmuula,Gandhnakuli,Nagadamai

  • General Information :

Habit – perennial Climber, stem- Greenish and woody. Leaves – simple, variable in size and shape . Usually obovate to oblong shaped. Tip is acuminate. Inflorescence- Axillary raceme and very few flowers in one inflorescence. Fruit- Capsule, oblong , globose- oblong,3 to 5 cm long. Seeds are ovate shaped, flat and winged.

  • Properties (Gunadharma)
    • Rasa-Tikta
    • Vipak- Katu
    • Virya- Ushna
    • Guna-Laghu, Rooksha
  • Specific Parts

Root, Leaf, Seed

  • Doshaghnata

Kapha-Vataghna.

  • Shloka’s

नाकुली तुवरा तिक्ता कटुकोष्णा नियच्छती ।

भोगीलूतावृश्र्चीकाखुविषज्वर कृमीव्रनान ।।भा प्र

नाकुली युगलं तिक्तं कटूष्नं च त्रिदोष जित l

अनेकविषविध्वंसी किच्छिच्च्रेष्ठ द्वितीयक l l रा नि

  • Benefits
  • External-

External application of paste of Ishwari with turmeric powder over forehead helps to reduce headache.

Paste of Ishwari seed with warm water is applied over the joints to reduce pain and inflammation.

Leaves paste of Ishwari is applied externally to treat leucoderma,skin diseases,wounds and swelling.

External application of leaf juice of Ishwari is advisiable in toxic bites.

 

Internal –

By its deepana, anulomana, shoolaprashamana and krimighnagunas , it is used in agnimandya, vishtambha, udarashoola, krimi , vishoochika and in children at the time of dentition.It is hridayottejak, shothahara and raktashodhana in  nature hence it is used in hriddaurbalyajashotha, amavata and sandhivata and in raktadushtijanyavikara. Being kaphanissarakapatrasvarasa is given in children in pratishyaya and kasa to expel phlegm through vomitus.

it is used as garbhashayashodhana as it has property of garbhashaysankochan .For this it is used along with pimpalmoola in sakashtaprasuti. In anattava, vishamajvara and in sarpa- vrishchika and mooshakavishabadha as vamana.

Ishwari leaf juice is given in induce vomitting and remove excessive kapha.Dose-5-6ml

Root powder of Ishawari with warm water is used to treat fever,indigestion and digestive disorders.

Ishwari root powder with Honey is used to treat Ulcers.

Leaves paste of Ishwari is applied externally to treat vitiligo.

Juice of Ishwari plant in a dose of 6ml,thrice a day is used in the treatment of Diarrhoea.

Dried leaf powder of Ishwari (4gm) with lukewarm water ,twice a day is advisiable in the treatment of Anemia.

Mixcture of Ishwari root churna with Black pepper is advisiable in indigestion.

Cough :

roots  powder of Ishavari  Mix equal quantity of honey. Take  itonce in a day. or

1 tsf of Root powder of Ishwari with 1/2tsf of black pepper is advisiable with warm water to treat cold and cough.

take the agar wood and Ishwari root in equal quantity.Grind it well in micture and apply this paste over the chest for 1/2 hour in the treatment of cough.

Dysmenorrhoea– Cold infusion from the root of the plant is given in a dose of 40-50 ml to treat dysmenorrhea and difficulty in labor.

Leprosy :

Ishavari root powder with honey is used in leprosy . Dose-one spoon daily

Fever :

Make a root powder of ishavari .take  one teaspoon with warm water . have it once daily.

The powdered root of Ishwari is given with honey in a dose of 3 g fordropsy, leukoderma, tonsillitis and chronic dyspepsia.

Ishwari root decoction is used to treat retention of urine.Dose-30ml

The fresh juice of Ishwari leaf induce the vomitting in case of poisoning from scorpion bite and snake bite.

  • Formulation (Kalp)

Kapha-Vatasamaka, Vatahara, kaphahara

  • Dosage

MulaChoorna – (Root Powder) 1 to 3 gm.

Partaswara (Leaf Juice ) – 5 to 10 ml.

Kalpa-

Mahavishgarbha tail

Mathala rasayana

Gorochanadi Vati

  • Home remedies :

Sarpa (Visa)

In snake bite, after letting the blood one should apply the paste prepared from Carati and Nakuli (Aristolochiaindica).

  • Research Corner :

A study is done to investigate the effect of ethanolic extract (E+AI) and aqueous extract (AqAI) of Aristolochiaindica Linn roots on Castor oil-induced diarrhea and study on small intestinal transit. Among tested doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg.body weight, the extracts reduced the frequency and severity of diarrhea in test animals throughout the study period, the extract delayed the intestinal transit of charcoal meal in test animals as compared to the control and results were statistically significant.

Side Effects-

Excess use of Ishwari root and leaf can cause nausea,vomitting and abdominal cramps.

 

 

 

 

 

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