irimeda-plant-parijatak

Irimeda

इरिमेद: कषायोष्ण: मुरवदन्तदास्त्रजित  Ι

हन्ति कन्डू विषश्र्लेष्मकृमिकूष्टविषव्रणान ΙΙ भ.प्र.

Botanical Name :       Acasia Farnicina. Wild.

·        Classification:

§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom – Plantae

o   Order –Rosales

o   Family     –Mimosaceae

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak- Udardaprashaman
  • Sanjasthapana
  • Sushruta- Salasaradi Gana
  • Bhavprakash- Vatadi varga
  • Raja Nighantu-Shalmalyadi Varga
  • Dhanvantari Nighantu-Amradi Varga
  • Kaiyadeva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga

§  Other Names :

  • Scientific name: Acacia farnesiana
  • Commonnames: aroma, klu, kolu, sweet acacia, Huisache
  • Sanskrit: Arimedha, Arimedah, Irimedah, Arimeda, Vitkhadira
  • English: Cassie flower, Cassie, Sweet acacia, Cassie Flower, Farnesiana, Sponge Tree, Strinking Acacia
  • Kannada: Jali, Sanna jali, Kasthoori jali, Bilijali
  • Malayalam: Velvelam, Pivelam
  • Hindi: Wilayati-babul, Wilayati-Kikar, gukikar, Durgandh Khair, Guyaa Babul
  • Bengali: Guya babla, Belatibabla, Guiya Babla
  • Tamil: Vedda vala, Piy-Velam
  • Telugu: Piyi-tnmma, Kampu-tumma, Naga-tumma
  • Marathi: Gui-babhul
  • Gujarati: Talbaval
  • Sindhi: Kue bawal
  • Tripura: Awaia
  • Chakma: Eye-ulapaing, Hada Naksaphul, Kada Naksha Phul, Nakshaphul
  • Khumi: Hoiaki
  • Unani: Vilaayati Kikar, Gandbabul, Guya Babul, Durgandh Khair
  • Creole: Acacia Jane
  • French: Acacia odorant,Cassie
  • German: Akazie, Cassie flower, Cassie oil plant, Cassiestrauch
  • Spanish: Aroma
  • Panamanian: Aromo
  • Thai: Katin tet
  • Hawaiian: Kolu

Sanskrit Name-

Arimeda,Raamaka,Sarvameda,Skandha,Ahimeda,Arima,Medoripu,Ahimeda,Ahimara,Pootimeda,Kalaskandha

safed Babul-resembles babul plant

Vitkhadir-Plant is like Khadira but roots are foul smelling

  • General Information :

Irimed is a spreading, much branched shrub or short tree with spines and alternate compound leaves. Its flowers, leaves appear similar to Babul tree but it is a shrub with may stems and has whitish bark. Babul is a tree with dark brown bark.

Habit- moderate sized deciduous tree grows up to 10 feet in height. Leaves- compound, bipinnate with  spines. Flowers- yellow, in heads, arranged in terminal panicles about 30 cm long. Fruits- Pods, black in colour , 10 to 20 cm long, narrow with 10 to 20 seeds

  • Properties (Gunadharma)
    • Rasa- Kasaya, Tikta, Madhura
    • Vipak- Katu
    • Virya- Ushna
    • Guna-Laghu, Tikshna, Snigdha
  • Specific Parts

Bark, Khadirasara,

  • Doshaghnata

Kapha-pitta shamak.

  • Shloka’s

इरिमेद: कषायोष्ण: मुरवदन्तदास्त्रजित  Ι

हन्ति कन्डू विषश्र्लेष्मकृमिकूष्टविषव्रणान ΙΙ भ.प्र.

रिम :कटू :कषायोष्णस्तीक्ष्णो हन्ति कफं कृमीन l

कंडूरक्तग्रहान्बस्ती मुख दंत गदानपी l l

तत्फलं तिक्त मधुरं स्निग्धोष्ण कफवातनुत l l कै नि

  • Benefits
  • External-

The paste of Irimeda wood powder is applied to treat localized inflammation,pain due to insect bite.

The twing or bark of Irimeda is chewed to trengthening the teeth and gums.

Internal-

It is used In aruchi, atisara and krimi as it has properties of ruchivardhak, stambhana and krimighna. In shotha, panduroga and raktapitta being raktastambhana .It is used in pleehavriddhi being pleehasankochaka. It is also indicated in prameh being mootrasangrahaneeya. In pradara being garbhashaya shaithilyahara and mainly in kushtha being kledanashana.

Danta vyadhi (Diseases of Teeth )

Kwatha (Decoction ) of irimeda ( Acacia lucophloea ) bark and ardraka (Zingiver officinale ) is very useful in Dantavyadhi (Diseases of Teeth ).

Dantamulagata Raktasrava ( Bleeding gums )

Irimeda Taila Gandusa (Keeping oil in mouth ) is very useful in Dantamula gata vyadhi like bleeding gums.

Bark decoction of Irimeda is used to treat the diarrhea.Dose-40-50ml

The Irimeda plant decoction is used to treat cough in a dose of 40-50ml

The leaves of Irimeda plant is used to treat syphilitic ulcers and is anti-bacterial in nature.

The seed paste of Irimeda is used to control bleeding from wounds

The extract of aerial parts of plant s of the plant Irimeda is hypotensive and central nervous system depressant in nature.

The Arishta prepared from the Irimeda is used to treat abdominal distension.Dose-90-100ml

Decoction prepared from Irimeda bark is used as blood purifier.

Tender leaves bruised in little water and swallowed in case of Gonorrhea.

Decoction made by using Irimeda leaves,flower and root  is used in ring worm infestation.Dose-30ml twice a day

The root powder of Irimedaa in a dose of 1gm is taken with honey twice a day for month in case of Rickets.

  • Formulation (Kalp)

Khadirasara 0.5 to 1 gm.

Kalpa – irimedadi taila.

Khadiradi Vati

  • Dosage

Choorna – 1 to 2 gm.

Quatha – 30 to 60 ml.

  • Research Corner

A study is conducted to evaluate the  extracts using glucose tolerance test. Isolation of an active fraction (AF) from the active extract (Water extract) using alcohol precipitation and to get insight to the mechanisms of the AF of A. farensiana. The water extract significantly lowered the blood glucose level. When precipitated with alcohol, the activity was found in the soluble fraction. Glucose uptake in the isolated rate hemidiaphragm, was increased by the AF at 40 ug/ml concentration, the AF did not significantly influence isulin release from cultured islets. The AF was found to be effective in orally glucose loaded in contract to intraperitoneal route.

 

 

 

 

 

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