Ingudi

Ingudi

इदंक्द:कुष्ठभूतादिग्रहव्रणविषक्रीमीन Ι

ह्न्त्युष्ण:श्र्वीत्रशूलस्तिक्तक: कटुपाकवान ΙΙभा प्र

 Botanical Name :   Balanitis aegyptica . Delile.

Classification:§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom –Plantae

o   Order –Sapindales

o   Family     – Balanitaceae

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak- Sirovirecana Dravya
  • Sushruta- Arkadi gana
  • Bhavprakash- Vatadi Varga
  • Kaiydeva Nighantu-Oshadhi Varga
  • Raja Nighantu-Shalmalyadi Varga
  • Madanphala Nighantu-Vatadi varga
  • Priya Nighantu-Haritakyadi Varga
  • Shodhala Nighantu-Amradi Varga

§  Other Names :

English name – desert date, soap berry tree or bush, Thron tree, Egyptian myrobalan, Egyptian balsam or Zachum oil tree;
Hindi name- Hingoon, Ingot, Hingua
Tamil  name- Nanjanada
Telugu name- Gara chettu, Ringari
Marathi name – Hingan
Bangali Name – Hing
Arabic name – lalob, hidjihi, inteishit, and heglig
Unani : Hingan, Hanguul
Siddha : Nanjunda
English : Desert date, Soapberry tree, Thorn tree,, Egyptian balsam
Arabic : Heglig
French : Dattier du desert, Hagueleg, Balanite
Spanish : corona di Jesus

Sanskit Names-

Tapasadruma-known as hermits tree as it seed by them in many way.

Taila phala-seeds yield oil.

Tikta majja-Bears fruit with bitter pulp

Bhallakah-tree has sharp spines,Binduka,Vyavharika,Hingupatra,Vishakantha,

Kroshtuphala-grows wild

Anilantaka,Shoolari-Balances the vata dosha

Pootikarnina,Pootigandha-having disagreeable smell

Madagandhi,Vigaandhaka-Having bad odor

Angara Vruksha-wood is used as fuel.

  • General Information :

Habit- small spiny tree grows upto 20 ft. height. Bark- grayish, 6 mm thick. Spines are 2.5 to 4.5 cm long. Leaves- bifoliate, leaflets are 1.5 to 5 cm long, & 1 to 2.5 cm wide, elliptic or obovate, apex is obtuse or acute. Flowers – 4 to 12 , Greenish white in colour and arranged in axillary cymes. Fruits- drupe, 3 to 6 cm ong, 2 to 4 cm wide, ovoid, woody, pulpy, 5 grooved, green when tender and turns to yellow on ripening. Seed is solitary, woody.

 

  • Properties (Gunadharma)
    • Rasa- Tikta, Katu
    • Vipak- Katu
    • Virya- Ushna
    • Guna-Laghu Snigdha.

 

  • Shloka’s

इदंक्द:कुष्ठभूतादिग्रहव्रणविषक्रीमीन Ι

ह्न्त्युष्ण:श्र्वीत्रशूलस्तिक्तक: कटुपाकवान ΙΙभा प्र

इड्गुदस्तिक्तक :सोष्ण :कटू पाको नियच्छति l

कृमि कुष्ठ विष श्वित्र शूलभूतग्रहव्रणान् l l

तत्फलं मधुरं तिक्तं स्निग्धोष्ण कफवातनुत् l l कै नि

इड्गुदी मद्गंधी: स्यात् कटूष्ण फेनिलालघु :

रसायनी हन्ति जंतूवातामयकफ व्रणान l l रा नि

  • Specific Part

Bark, Fruit, Seed Oil, Leaf.

  • Doshaghnata

Kapha- Vataghna.

  • Benefits

External Uses

  • Being deepana, sransana, and krimighna it should be used in agnimandya, vibandha and krimi. It is rakta- shuddhi- kara; hence is used in blood disorders.
  •  It is also indicated in jeerna shvasa-kasa.
  • Useful in motrakrichchhra being mootrala and also in kushtha and vishvikara.
  • It is also used in conditions like agnidagdha(Fire burn)and different types of vrana.
  • It is also used in kesa vikara(hair problems)
  • It is also used in Siroroga (diseases of head)
  • It is used in conditions like Visha – musika damsa (poison – rat bite)
  • Oil extracted from Ingudi is used for treating intestinal worms,as a hair oil and for wound healing.
  • Acorrding to Sshrutacharya Ingudi oil is Shukrapaha-anaphrodisiac and not good for eyes(Sushruta sutrastana 45)
  • Ingudi fruit is mixed in to porridge and used in lactating mothers to improve breast milk production.It also relieves headache.

 

  • Raktapitta ( Intrinsic haemorrhage )
  • Mixture of pulp of inguda ( Balanites roxburghii ) and Madhuka ( Glycyrrhiza glabra ) is beneficial in Raktapitta ( intrinsic haemorrhage ).
  • Musika visa ( Rat poison )
  • Paste prepared from sirisa ( Albizzia lebbeck ) and ingudi ( Balanites roxburghii ) if taken with honey relieves Musika visa ( Rat poison ).

Internal Uses

  • Krimi roga  (worm infestation)
  • Vibandha (constipation)
  • Agnimandya (loss of appetite)
  • Udara shula (abdominal pain)
  • Rakta vikara (diseases related to blood)
  • Jeerna kasa (chronic cough)
  • Shvasa (asthma and bronchitis)
  • Mutra krichchha (dysuria)
  • Shvitra (leucoderma)
  • Charma roga – vyanga (skin diseases like blemishes, melasma and hyper pigmentation)
  • Visha (poison)
  • Shoola (Abdominal colic)
  • Kustha (skin diseases)
  • Musika visha (rat bite poison)

 

  • Formulation (Kalp)

Name                            Indications

Ingudi Taila                   Kustha

Manashiladi Dhuma    Kasa

Loharasayana Kustha, Arsas

Ingudi lepa                    Dusta vrana

 

  • Dosage

Tvachaquatha – 40 to 80 ml.

Phalamajja – 1 to 4 gm.

Beejachoorna – 1 to 3 gm.

Beejataila – 5 to 10 drops.

  • Chemical Composition

The seed contains 30-48% fixed (non-volatile) oil, like the leaves, fruit pulp, bark and roots, and contains the sapogenins diosgenin and yamogenin Roots, bark wood and fruit contain saponins

  • Research Corner

Seeking an alternative approach for producing a larvicidal product from balanites aegyptiaca plants, callus was produced from in vitro cultures of root explants and its larvicidal activity against Aedes  mosquito larvae was evaluated. Concentrations  of 0, 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 1500 ppm of saponns from the root derived callus of B . aegyptiaca were used to determine larvicidal effects and consequent effect on adult emergence. A dose dependent effect was  observed in a chronic mortality assessment ( After 7 days of exposure) , concentrations of 500 ppm or greater killed 100% of the test larvae population. The result suggest that saponins from invitro cultures of the root .

 

 

 

 

 

 

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