Botanical Name : Pavonia odorata
§ According To Modern
o Kingdom – Plantae
o Order – Malvales
o Family – Malvaceae
§ According To Ayurveda
- Charak- Trisna Nigrahana Varga
- Sushruta- Pitta Samsamana Varga
- Bhavprakash- Karpuradi Varga
§ Other Names :
Fragrant Swamp Mallow,
• Hindi : Sugandhabala
• Marathi : Sugandhabala, Kalavala
• Tamil : Peramutti, Avibattam
• Malayalam : Iruveli, Kuruntotti
• Telugu : Chittibenda, Ettakuti
• Kannada : Balarakshi gida
• Gujarati : Kalowalo
• Sanskrit : Udichya, Varinamaka,
- General Information :
Habit – hribera is growing commonly in Northwestern region of india.
Difference species :
Habit- an erect branching annual, grows up to 90 cm in height. Stem- covered with soft viscous pubescence and a few longer hairs, Leaves- Leaves are 2.5 to 7.5 cm long , roundish, ovate, cordate, shallowly 3 to 5 lobed, dentate, stellate hairs are present on both the surfaces. Lower petioles are longer than the blades., Peduncles are longer than the blades.
Peduncles are as long as the leaves, single flowered seen at the ends of branches. Flowers are pink or white in color. Fruit- Dehiscent wingless and unarmed.
- Properties (Gunadharma)
- Rasa- Tikta, kasaya, Madhura
- Vipak- Madhura
- Virya- Sheet
- Guna-laghu, Ruksa
- Specific Parts
Water processed with hribera (Pavonia odorata) and sringavera (Zingiber officinale ) is given for drinking in case of Atisara (Diarrhoea).
Madatyayajanya Trisna (Alcoholic thirst)
In case of excessive thirst originated because of alcoholism the water processed with heribera (Pavonia Odorata) is much beneficial.
- Formulation (Kalp)
Choorna – 3 to 4 g
Phanta – 40 to 80 ml
- Research Corner
The essential oil from the rhizomes of Pavonia odorata Wild was extracted in an yield of 0.2% by hydrodistillation and screened for antibacterial and antifungal activity against ten bacteria and thirteen fungi using paper disc agar diffusion technique. The oil was found to inhibit the growth of Staphylococus aureus , Diplococcus pneumonia, Escherichia coli, and klebsiella sp at 0.55 concentration. The oil was also found to in habit the growth of kerationophilic fungi, trichophyton mentagreophytes and Chrysosporium indicum along with As – pergilus sp.