कन्थारी कटुतिक्तोष्णा कफवातनीकृन्तनीन्तनी Ι

शोफ़घ्नी दीपनी रुच्या रक्तग्रन्थीरुजापहा  ΙΙ रा. नी.

Botanical Name: capparis sepiaria Linn.

·         Classification: §  According To Modern

o   Kingdom – Plantae

o   Order – parietales

o   Family – Capparidaceae

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak       : Not classified in Varga
  • Sushruta : kaintaka   Pancamula
  • Bhavprakash: Not mentioned in Varga
  • Raja Nighantu-Shalmalyadi Varga
  • Shodhala Nighantu-Lakshmanadi Varga

§  Other Names Of hinsra

Hindi name – Hainsa
Bengali name – Kaliyakara
Oriya name – Kantiphali
Telugu name – Nalla uppi, Nallapuee, Nallapuyyi, Nallaupli, Puyyi, Uppi,

English – Wild caper bush

Kannada – kattari mullu gida

Malayalam – Capparo

Marathi – Kanthar

Sanskrit Name-


  • General Information :

Capparis sepiaria is a scrambling, prickly, evergreen shrub or climbing plant growing around 3 metres tall. The plant is a local source of food, medicines and fuel.

Habit – much branched woody climber. Young shoots are more or less pubescent., Leaves- 2 to 4 cm long and 1 to 2 cm wide oblong elliptic or obovate, petioles are 2.5 to 4 mm long. Pubscent , stipular spines are hooked. Flower- white, 6 to 9 mm in diameter, seen in dense short pedncled or sessile umbels, pedicels are 1 to 2 cm long. Fruit- 6 to 9 mm in diameter globose becomes black on ripening.


  • Properties (Gunadharma):
    • Rasa -katu, tikta
    • Vipak-katu
    • Virya -usna
    • Guna –Ruksa, laghu
  • Specific Parts:

Root, leaf

  • Doshaghnata:

Kapha, vataghna


Himsra-Capparis sepiaria

Ahimsra-Gridhranakhi-capparis zeylanica

  • Shlok:

कन्थारी कटुतिक्तोष्णा कफवातनीकृन्तनीन्तनी Ι

शोफ़घ्नी दीपनी रुच्या रक्तग्रन्थीरुजापहा  ΙΙ रा. नी.

कन्थारिका क्रूर कर्मा त्वहिंस्रा चाक्रवल्लरी l

अन्या :कपाल कुलीकोs म्ल फला गुछगुल्मिका l l

कन्थारी कटुका सोष्णा श्वासकासत्रिदोषहा l कै नि

  • Benefits :
  • External-

Bark paste of Himsra is applied over the boils ,two times a day.

External application of paste of Himsra bark and Indian mulberry with mustard oil over the scalp is advisiable in Baldness.



It is used in  agnimandya , pachanavikriti and yakridvikara being ruchikara and deepana; in hriddaurbalya , shotha and shleepada being rakta shuddhikara and shothahara; also in jvara due to its all gunas.

The spicy buds contain healthy levels of vitamins such as vitamin-A, vitamin-K, niacin, and riboflavin. Niacin helps lower LDL cholesterol.

Furthermore, minerals like calcium, iron, and copper are present in sufficient amounts in them. High sodium level, however, is mainly due to the addition of sea salt (sodium chloride) in the brine.

Antioxidant Powers:

It is rich in flavonoid compounds including rutin and quercetin which are potent sources of antioxidants. Antioxidants are known to prevent free radical, which can cause cancer and skin related diseases.

Mineral Mine:

It  contain minerals like iron, calcium, copper and high levels of sodium which provide enrgy to the body. .

Vitamin Vitality:

It is rich in vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin K, niacin, and riboflavin .

Vitamin A is good for eyesight and it helps us see in the dark. It may also reduce the risk of certain cancers. This essential vitamin helps our body fight off infection and retains our immunity system.

Fiberlicious Good:

It is rich in fiber and Fiber used in constipation.

To treat heartburn,leave decoction of Himsra is ued.

Bark juice of Himsra is used in Stomach infection in a dose of 1tsf Bd

Bark decoction of Himsra with lukewarm water should be given to releive the constipation.

Phant of Himsra leaves is used to treat the fever and Indigestion.

To treat Kidney stone-take equal quantity of Caper roots,caper thorns,milk thistle,Aerva lanata,Pavonia.Grind this all together and boil in 4 parts of water until it remains 1/4th .Take this decoction in a dose of 3 tsf for two times.



  • Formulation:

Hriberapanak, Bhaisahjyapanak


Nisosiradi Tailam

Sarvamayanthaka Ghrutam

Sahacharadi tailam

Kottamchukadi tailam

Eladi tailam

  • Dosage

Kwatha- 40 to 50 ml.

  • Home Remedies :

Vataja yonivyapath ( Vaginal diseases of Vata dosa)

In case of vataja yonivyapath the paste of himsra (Capparis sepiaria ) is kept in Vagina after anointing.

Vataja sotha ( Swelling due to vata dosa )

Application of paste preapare from Himsra ( Capparis sepiaria ) and Rasna ( Pluchea lanceolata ) will be beneficial in vataja sotha (oedema due to vata).

  • Research corner :

Capparis sepiaria leaves were extracted with ethanol and concentrated to dryness. The L.D (50) value was determined as 894.43 mg/kg body weight by acute toxicity study. The ethanol extract was investigated for possible hypoglycemic effect produced by single oral administration at various levels 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg in the streptozotocin  induced diabetic rats and compared against normal saline control and the standard glibenclamide. A maximum fall of plasma glucose level 9.40% ,13.57% , 15.27% and 18.80% were observed after 12 hours of treatment when administered with ethanol-extract of Capparias sepiaria at 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg and glibenclamide 10 mg/kg dose, respectively . the findings from the study suggest that the leaves of Capparis sepiaria may be used to control diabetes Mellitus.

Side Effects-

It should be used after physician opion only in pregnancy and lactating period.

It can be used in children in small doses.




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