gojivha

GOJHIVA PLANT

हृदया प्रमेहकासाव्रणज्वरहरो लघु :l

कोमला तुवरा तिक्ता स्वादुपाकरसा स्मृता l l भा प्र .

Botanical Name: Onosma bracteatum wall.

·         Classification:

§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom –  Plantae

o   Order – Polemoniales

o   Family – Boraginaceae

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak : Saka varga
  • Sushruta : Saka Varga
  • Vagbhata-Shaka varga
  • Bhavprakash : guducyadi varga
  • Kaiyyadeva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga

§  Other Names Of Gojihva plant :

Hindi name – Goaza, GanjabaGoziya
English name- Cow’s tongue / Lisanussoar, Sedge herb
Arabic name- Taharatulsanulshur or Lasanulshur
Bengali name- Gaozaban, Dadishaka
Gujarathi name- Bhopathsri
Kannada name- Yettina Nalage
Marathi name- Pathari
Parasi name- Kalamarumi
Telugu name- Yedunalaka chattu
Urdu name – Gaozaban,

Sanskrit Names-

Kharaparnini,Kharpatra-The leaf is rough

Darpapatri-The leaf is thick

Darvika,Godhumika,Koshtamulika,Gobhi,Goli,Gojika

  • General Information :

 

Habit- Hirsute herb. Stem- Erect, stout . leaves – Radical leaves are larger, 15 cm long and 25 cm wide. Cauline leaves are 5 cm long and 2 cm wide, acuminate tip. Upper surface is hispid. Lower leaves are lanceolate, upper leaves are ovate-lanceolate, silky white beneath. Inflorescence- Capitate , Flowers – in dense  silky heads 5 to 7.5 cm in diameter.,Fruit- Nutlets, 4 mm and acute.

  • Types Of Plant’s:

Bh. Pr. Ni. – 2 TYPES

  1. Onosma Bracteatum
  2. Elephantopus scaber
  • Properties (Gunadharma):
    • Rasa –Madhura (Sweet), Tikta (Bitter)
    • Vipak-Madhura
    • Virya –Sheeta
    • Guna –Laghu, Snigdha
  • Specific Parts:

Leaf, flower.

  • Doshaghnata:

Pittashamak, kaphanissarak.

  • Shlok:

             गोजीह्रामधुरा स्निग्धा सतीक्ता वातपित्तनुत Ι

             कफनि:सारिणी शिता सरा मुत्र विरेचणी Ι

             श्वासे कासे ज्वरे दाहे मुत्रकृछ्रे च शस्यते Ι Ι प्र. नि.

गोजीह्रा तुवरा तिक्ता स्वादुपाकरसा :हिमा l

वातघ्ना ग्राहिनी हृदया कफपित्तहरा लघु :l l

हन्यात् कासारुचीश्वास प्रमेहास्त्रज्वरव्रणान् l कै .नि

गोजीह्रा वातला शीता ग्राहिनी कफपित्तनुत् l

हृदया प्रमेहकासाव्रणज्वरहरो लघु :l

कोमला तुवरा तिक्ता स्वादुपाकरसा स्मृता l l भा प्र .

  • Benefits : Gojihva is an Ayurvedic plant used for the treatment of stomatitis, wound, jaundice, constipation, weakness of the cardiac muscles and rhinitis etc

It should be used in vibandha, kamala and udavarta being anulomana and mriduvirechana. In hriddrava, hriddaurbalya, upadansha and amavata being shamak, balya to hridaya and raktashodhana.

A phanta made of yashtimadhu and banafshaha should be administered in pratishyaya, kasay shvasa and shlaishmik sannipat a (pneumonia). In unmade and manodaurbalya being mastishkabalya. In mootrakrichchhara and pooyameha being snehana to mootramarga: in jvaraja, trishna and daha and in samanyadaurbalya being madhuravipaki and balya.

Burn the Gojihva leaves.Ash prepared from gojihva leaves is used to treat stomatitis.It is also applied over the wound for better healing.

Decoction prepared from Gojihva leave is used to treat jaundice aaand constipation.

Cold infusion is made from Gojihva leaves.This infusion is used to treat psychiatric conditions and epileptic conditions.

To treat Rhinitis and cough ,cold infusion of Gojihva flower is given with Yashtimadhu churna.Dose-50-60ml

Leaf decoction of Gojihva is used in the treatment of fever and dysuria ..

Plant decoction of Gojihva is given in palpitation of heart,irritation of stomach and bladder.

Cold infusion of Gojihva is used as tonic ,diuretic,demulcent.It is also used in rheumatism,syphilis,leprosy,hypochondriac’s and kidney disease.

External application of Gojihva root powder is advisiable in cutaneous eruption.

  • Formulation ( kalp ) :

Arka Gavjaban, Banafshadi quatha.

Gojihvadi kashayam

Manasmitra vatakam

Sachacharadi Tailam

  • Dosage :

Patra : 2 to 4 gm

Pushpa : 3 to 6 gm.

  • Home Remedies :

Twak vikara (Skin diseases)

Kwatha ( Decoction ) of  fresh plant of Gojihwa (Onosma bracteatum ) is  used to wash eczema.

Atisara ( Diarrhoea)

Kwatha ( Decoction ) of the root and leaves of Gojihwa ( Onosma Bracteatum ) is taken with jiraka (Cuminum cyminum) and buttermilk in case of Atisara (Diarrhoea).

  • Research Corner :

Wound healing activity of ethanolic extract of aerial parts of Onsoma bracteatum was evaluated on excision and incision model in albino rats in the form of ointment with two concentrations ( 5% and 10 % w/w) . both concentrations of the ethanolic tested when compared with the control group. Nitrofurazone ointment (0.2% W/w) was used  as standard.

 

 Side Effect-

Rubbing of Gojihva leaf over the skin causes abrasion .

 

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