DRONAPUSHI-PLANT

DRONAPUSHI PLANT

द्रोनापुष्पी गुरु:स्वादु रुक्षोष्णाकफपित्तनुत Ι

सातीक्ष्णा लवण्स्वादुपाका कटी च भेदनी Ι Ι भ. प्र.

कफामकामलाशोषतमकश्र्वासजन्तुजीत Ι

पितो मरीचचुर्णन तुलसीपत्रजो रस: Ι भ.प्र .

Botanical Name:LeucasCephalotesSpreng.

·         Classification:

§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom – plantae

o   Order – Lamiales

o   Family – Lamiaceae

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak : Not mentioned in Varga
  • Sushruta : Not mentioned in Gana
  • Bhavprakash: GuducyadiVarga

§  Other Names

  • Hindi: Gomamadhupati
  • Punjabi: Guldor
  • Bengali: Darunaphula, Hulkasha
  • Gujarati: KulnnphulSindhi: Kubo
  • Maharashtra: Bahuphul
  • Marathi: Tumba
  • Telugu: Thummichittu
  • Tamil: Thumbai
  • Dronachatra ,Drona,Drona kurambaka,Dronapushpa-boat shaped flowers
  • Kutumbaka,Kaundinya,Kshavapatra,Chatrini,Chitrakshupa,phalepushpa,Guma,Nahula,Kumbhayoni
  • Chitrapatrika
  • Vrushasara,Shwasanaka-useful in respiratory conditions
  • Deerghapatra-lengthy leaves

Common Indian names:

Goma, Thummichittu, Paada-malar, Thumbai, Thumbe (Trade name)

 

  • General Information :

Dronapushpi is a famous ayurvedic medicinal herb that grows as a weed in india. It is cultivated in fields as a weed, especially after a period of rain. Habit – Annual herb, Stem- herbaceous, aerial erect, quadrangular, branched  solid, pubescent and green, Leaf- opposite decussate, exstipulate, linear, sub-sesile, lanceolate, crenate, acute tip, pubescent and reticulately veined., Inflorescence- Verticillaster. Flowers- white in colour, Bilabiate, Upper consists of 2 posterior petals and lower consists of 3 anterior petals.Fruit- Schizocarpic and consisting 4 nutlets. Seeds are non-endospermic.

  • Types Of Plant’s:

Raja nighantu explains -2 types of dronapushpi 

  1. Mahadrona-Leucas cephalotes
  2. Dronapushpi-Leucas aspera
  • Properties (Gunadharma):
    • Rasa -Katu
    • Vipak-Madhur, katu
    • Virya -Ushna
    • Guna–Guru, ruksha
  • Specific Parts:

Panchanga, Patra ,Pushpa.

  • Doshaghnata:

Kaphaghna ,Vataghna, Pittashodhana.

  • Shlok:

 

द्रोनापुष्पी गुरु:स्वादु रुक्षोष्णाकफपित्तनुत Ι

सातीक्ष्णा लवण्स्वादुपाका कटी च भेदनी Ι Ι भ. प्र.

कफामकामलाशोषतमकश्र्वासजन्तुजीत Ι

पितो मरीचचुर्णन तुलसीपत्रजो रस: Ι भ.प्र .

द्रोनपुष्पीरसो वापी निहन्ति विषमज्वरान  Ι Ι व्रिन्द .     

 

  • Benefits :

Internal :

Anna and Pureeshavaha :

Agnideepana being katu, ushna and teekshna.Anulomana being guru.Pittasaraka and virechana due to its madhurarasavipaka and krimighna being katu, rooksha and teekshna. Hence its svarasa should be used in adhmana, shoola, vibandha, kamala and krimi.

Respiratory Diseases :

Crush the plant of Thumbai. Boil it in water. Inhale the steam.

Snake Bite :

Chew few leaves of thumbai plant.

Sinusitis :

Apply flower juice of thumbai on your Nose.

Ascaris :

Take 1 tsp juice of either flowers or leaves of thumbai twice a day.

Scorpion Sting :

Rub leaves of Thumbai constantly over Scorpion Bite.

  • Formulation:
    • Pliharivati
    • Gorocanadivati
    • Nimbadilepa
    • Sahacharaditaila

Name                                      Indications

  • DronapuspirasanjanamKamala
  • Dosage :

Svarasa – 15 to 20 ml.

Choorna – 1 to 2 gm.

  • Chemical Composition:

Flowers contain an essential oil, a bitter principle and the seed contains a fixed oil. Its panchanga contain B sistesterol and a flavinol.

  • Home Remedies :

VasamaJwara :

In Visamajwara( Malarial fever ) the juice of Dronapuspi ( Leucasaspera ) is given internally.

Kamala ( Jaundice ) :

Anjana( Collyrium ) Prepared with juice of Dronapuspi is very useful in kamala ( Jaundice ).

  • Research Corner :

To  investigate the antioxidant, antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of whole Leucasaspera ( Labiate ) alcoholic extract a study is done . the results demonstrated that the ethanolic extract to  Leucasaspera could be used as antibacterial , pesticidal and for other various pharmacological activities .

 

Side Effects-

Excess use of dronapushpi results in burning sensation of body.

Nasal administration of dronapushpi juice extract should be done only by qualified ayurvedic doctor.

Safe to use in children and during lactation.

Need medical supervision to use during preganancy.

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