DHANVAYASA-PLANT

DHANVAYASA PLANT

यास:स्वादुरसस्तिक्तस्तुवर:शितलो लघु:।

काफमेदोमदभ्रान्तिपीत्तास्रुक्कुष्ठकासजित।

तृष्णाविसर्पवातास्रवमिज्वरहर:स्मृत ।। भ.प्र.

Botanical Name:  Alhagicamelorum. Fisch.

·         Classification:

§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom – Plantae

o   Order– Zygophyllales

o   Family –Zygophyllaceae

o   Subclass –Polypetalae

o   Class        –Dicotyledons

o   Series      –Disciflorae

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak – TrisnaNigrahana, Arsoghnavarga
  • Sushruta – Not mentioned in Gana
  • Bhavprakash – Guducyadivarga
  • Dhanvantari Nighantu-Guduchyadi varga
  • Raja Nighantu-Shatahvadi Varga
  • Kaiydeva NIghantu-Oshadhi varga
  • Shaligrama Nighantu-Ikshu varga

§  Other Names Of Dhanvayasa

  • English name : Persian manna plant, Camel thorn
  • Hindi name : Javasa
  • Gujarati name : Javaso
  • Bengali name :Javasa
  • Arabi name : Haj, Algoul
  • Persia name : Khareshutur
  • Malayalam name: Kappa tumpa
  • Kannada name : Turuche
  • Tamil name : Punaikanjuri, Kanchori
  • Telugu name : Chinnadoolagondi, Dhanvayasam

 Sanskrit Name-

Yasa,Yavasa-A plant which grows and spred easily

Dusparsha-plant which is difficult to touch because of thorns

Kunashaka,

Dhanvayasa-the plant which grows in desert

,Ananta-plant which has lond roots

Kachura-plant which creat itching

Samudranta-plant which spread easily like sea

Duralabha-Difficult to collect because of thorns

Adhikantaka-Thorns are facing down

Balapara,sukshmapatraka-having tiny leaves

Bahukantaka,Teekshnakantaka,kantaki,kantakaluka-plant with multiple thorns

Kshudrengudi-small leaves which resembles inudi leaves

Gandhari-A native of Gandharva desh

Marudbhava-inhabitant of semi-arid regions

Rodantika-making one cry to pain

Triparnika-2 leaves in one leaflets

Vanadarbha,Vasanta,Vishghna,Vivarnaka

Deerghamoola-roots are long

Tramramoolika-coppery red roots

Ushtrabakshya-Eaten by camels

  • General Information :

Dhanvayasa is a perennial plant which originates from massive rhizome system and extend up to sex feet into ground. Now shoots can appear around 200 feet from parent plant. Habit- Small erect undershrub, spinuous. Branches are slender and glabrous. Leaves – Opposite, 1 to 3 foliate. Petioles are variable in length upto 3 cm long, 2 pairs of thorny stipules sometimes 1 cm long. Leaflets are Liner, acute, sessile or with very short petiolules. Flowers- Small, light pink in color. Fruit- Glandular, pubescent, rounded at the base and pyramidal towards the apex. Seeds are ovoid, acute and smooth with flattened surface.

  • Types Of Plant’s:

Raja Nighantu–  ( Two Varieties )

  1. Duralabha
  2. Ksudraduralabha

SodhalaNighantu–  ( Two Varieties )

  1. Yasa
  2. Dhanvayasa
  • Properties (Gunadharma):
    • Rasa :-Madhura, Tikta, Kashaya
    • Guna :-Laghu
    • Virya :-Sheet
    • Vipaka :-Katu
  • Specific Parts:

Panchanga, Yasasharkara, whole Plant

  • Doshaghnata:

Kaphanihsaraka, Vataghna, Pittaghna.

  • Shlok:

यास:स्वादुरसस्तिक्तस्तुवर:शितलो लघु:।

काफमेदोमदभ्रान्तिपीत्तास्रुक्कुष्ठकासजित।

तृष्णाविसर्पवातास्रवमिज्वरहर:स्मृत ।। भ.प्र.

कषायमधुरा शीता सतीक्ता यासशर्करा l च सं सु २७

यवास शर्करा मधुर कषाया तीक्तानुरसा श्लेष्महरी सरा l सु सं सु ४५

यवास क्वाथ घनी भावात शर्करा l डल्हण सु सु ४५

  • Benefits :

Internal

It being pittashamaka due to its madhura rasa and vipaka, it is useful in Pittaja chhardi and trishna. It is a also useful in vibandha due to its anulomana action because of its gure and sngdha gunas.

This herb has anti inflammatory action hence it reduces the pain in joints,arms and different parts of body

Nasyam of leave juice of Yavasa is advisiable in headache

Yavasa siddha tail is used for massage in Rheumatic arthritis as it possess anti-inflammatory properties.

Yavasa flower  is also used in treatment of piles.It improves the digestion and relieves the constipation.It aso provide the relief from the symptoms like irritation,itching,redness,sorness and swelling around anus.

Gargling of yavasa decoction is advisiable in stomatitis.This helps to reducethe inflammation of mucous membrane of mouth . It also helps in healing of wounds and prevents pus formation.

This heb is also used in syncope and haemorrhagic disoders.

Yavasa helps in relaxation of muscles of neck hence it is advisiable in neck stiffness.

This herb is aso used to treat vertigo .It helps to pacify the problems of nervous system.

This herb is also used to gain the weight.

The manna or exudates is good in vomitting,asthma,piles and small pox eruption

Asthama :

Inhale the smoke of burnt camel thorn from mouth once a day.

Alzheimer :

Powder dried root of Camel thorn. Put 2 tablespoon of powder in one glass of water. Boil till it remains ¼. Filter add one teaspoon ghee and drink twice a day for 7 days.

  • Formulation(Kalp):

Dhanyakphanta, Dhanyakadihima.

Mahatiktakam Kashayam

Kantakari avaleha

Tikta Ghritam

Mahapanchagavya Ghritam

  • Dosage :

Svarasa – 10 to 20 ml.

Kvatha – 40 to 80 ml.

Yasasharkara – 1 to 4 gm.

  • Chemical Composition:

Yasasharkara contains 26 pc. Ikshusharkara.

  • Home Remedies :

Raltapitta( Intrinsichaemorrhage )

In case of Raktapitta (Intrinsic haemorrhage) roots of yavasa.(Cha.Chi-4)

Madatyaya-To drink Yavasa Panchanga Kwath(Cha.Chi 12)

Kasa-Dhoomapana of Yavasa plant is recommandede\(Vaidyamruta)

Amavata- External application of Yavasa siddha tail (Bha.Pra)

Arsha-External application of Yavasa panchanga kalka(Bha.Pra)

Tamak Shwasa-Dhoomapana of kwath made by mixing Yavasa and Mulethi(Bha.Pra)

Raktapitta-Root of Yavasa and Bhringaraja are suspended in cowdung juice and taken with Tandulodaka(Cha.Chi-4)

Arsha-Seka of kwath prepared with Yashtimadhu,Panchavalkala,Badar,Udumbara,Dhawa,Patola,Vasa,Arjuna,Yavasa and Nimba(cha.Chi 14)

Daha-Kalka of Yavasa,Kusha,Arka,Balaka,Kasa,Eraka is applied externally(ch.su 3)

Swelling,Abscess-A decoction of root is made and used externally

Asthma-A plant is smoked with black dhatura,tobaccoand ajwain seeds as aremedy

  • Research corner :

To evaluate antioxidant and radical scavenging activities of organic extracts from fruit, roots and aerial parts of fagoniacritica a research work was carried out. The study revealed the potent antioxidant potential of Fagoniacretica and its prospective efficacy against various reactive  oxygen species mediated diseases.  

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