CHOPACHINI PLANT

दीपांतरवचा किंचितीक्तोष्णा वह्नीदीप्तीकृत् l

विबन्धाध्मानशुलघ्नी शकृन्मुत्रविशोधनी l l

वातव्याधीनपस्पारमुन्मादं तनुवेदनाम् l

व्यपोहती विशेषेण फिरंगामयनाशिनी l l भा.प्र

 Botanical Name : Smilax chinensis. Linn.

·       Classification :

§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom –plantae

o   Order       –Liliales

o   Family     –Smilacaceae

o   Genus      – Similax

o   Species     – Glabra

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak –Not mentioned in Varga
  • Sushruta-Not Mentioned in Gana
  • Bhavprakash-Haritakyadi varga
  • Priya Nighantu-Shatapushpadi varga
  • Nighantu Adarsha-Lasunadi varga

§   Other Names :

Hindi   name : Chopchini, Chobchini, Madhusnuhi
English name: China root, Bamboo Bariar root, Sarsaparilla, China root Bamboo Bariar root
Arabic name: Kashussini, Kashab chinac
Bengali name:  Harha shukohina khohini
Kannada name: Cinipavu
Malayalam name: China paivu or pairu
Marathi name: Gootti
Punjabi name: Chobchini
Tamil name: Parangichekkai, Pariniki patte, Shuk china
Telugu name: Pirangi- chekka
Chinese name – Tu Fu Ling, Toofup
Persian name – Chob – Chinae
Arab name – Kashussinikashab chinac

Sanskrit Names-

Dwipantara Vacha-As the plant is a habitat of Indonesian island and brought to India

Madhusnuhi

Dveepantara vacha-This rhizome was first brought from Java and Sumitra Islands to India

Madhusnuhi-It possess all the pharamacological properties of snuhi.But it is madhura rasa

  • Morphology of Chopachini –
    The pant s a thick climber with the stem branched,terete 1-4m,woody,smooth.The petiole is 5-15cm,narrowly winged for 1/4th-3/5th its length.The tendrils are well developed.Leaf blade it elliptic or ovate-laceolate,6-15cm long,1-7cm wide.The tendrils are inflorescence of 1 umbel,peduncle 1-5,strikingly shorter than petiole.Male flowers are greenish white,slightly 6 angled.The fruits are bluish black in colour.
  • Properties (Gunadharma)
    • Rasa-Tikta
    • Vipak-Katu
    • Virya-Ushna
    • Guna–Ruksa
  • Specific Parts

kanda

  • Doshaghnata

Vata, Kaphaghna.

  • Shloka’s

दीपांतरवचा किंचितीक्तोष्णा वह्नीदीप्तीकृत् l

विबन्धाध्मानशुलघ्नी शकृन्मुत्रविशोधनी l l

वातव्याधीनपस्पारमुन्मादं तनुवेदनाम् l

व्यपोहती विशेषेण फिरंगामयनाशिनी l l भा.प्र

  • Benefits
  • External-

The paste of Chopachini is prepared by adding hot water .External application of this paste is advisiable in joints pain and inflammation.

  • Chopchini or China root is widely used in Ayurveda for its corrective working on the digestive system.
  • It is also considered to support the urinary system which helps in elimination of toxins from the body.
  • Chopchini is said to correct the metabolism, thus benefitting in metabolic disorders like weight gain, rheumatic conditions and others.
  • May support healthy digestive system.
  • May support healthy urinary system.
  • Chopchini is said to have anti-hyperuricaemic properties.
  • May support healthy kidney functions.
  • Churna of Chopachini rhizome is used to treat constipation,abdominal distension and flatulence.It is given with hot water in a dose of 3-5gm
  • Cold infusion of Chopachini is given in urine retension.
  • Dose-30-40ml
  • Copachini powder is boiled in milk and consumed to treat skin disease,impotency and seminal disoder
    • Phiranga Roga(syphilis)
  • In case phiranga roga (Syphilis) 2.5 g powder of copacini (Smilax china) mixed with honey to be taken . During this treatment he should be on salt diet.
    • Sandhivata (Arthiritis)

    Kwatha ( Decoction) of usava & Copacini (Smilax china) mixed with honey may be used in Sandhivata (Arthritis).

  • Chopachini is boiled in milk along with mastagi(pistacia lentiscus),elachi(cardamom) and dalchini(cinnamon) are used to treat rhematoid,gout,epilepsy,chronic vata disoders,thinness and third stage of syphilis.
  • Chopachini along with Sariva churna is given to treatheadaches.This is also used in gout and syphillis
  • It is also used as Rasayana.
  • Decoction prepared from tuber of Chopachini is given in the treatment of schizophrenia.Dose-30-40ml
  • Paste of Chopachini root powder is applied externally over joints helps in reduction in pain and inflammation
  • This herbs is also used in treating urinary tract infection and diseases.
  • It is also used in patient suffering from chronic dysentry.
  • Methanolic acid present in the leaves of Chopachini possess analgesic and anti-bacterial properties.
  • Other phytochemicals present in Chopachini are used to reduce high blood sugsr level.
  • It is also used in skin related conditions like psoriasis,eczema,pimples and chronic skin disoders.

 Other Uses-

Swedal-Chopachini is very effective herb that helps to open blocked sweat pores and stimulate the process of sweating and due o these properties of this herb it fight against various skin infections.

Snehan-It is also used for snehan purpose.It is basically used to lubricate body and used to treat various vata disoders

Rasayana-It rejuvenate the body and pramote longevity.And helps to maintain the molecular life of cells in body

Raktashodhak-It helps to remove toxins and impurities of blood.

Balya-It improves the internal strength and cellular level of body.

  • Formulation (Kalp)
  • Name Indications

Madhusnuhi Rasayana        Pracha, Sula

Chopachini paka                   Kustha, Phiranga

Mulakadyarishta                  Allergic skin disoders,scabies,boils

  • Dosage

Choorna – 3 to 6 gm.

Kalpa       – Chopachinipak

  • Chemical Composition.

The root contains Astilbin, ca?eoyl shikimic, ferulic, palmitic, shikimic and succinic acids; engeletin, isoengeletin; glucose; daucosterol, beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol.

  • Home Remedies

Piranga roga (syphilis)

In case of Phiranga roga (Syphilis) 2.5 g powder of Copacini (Smilax china) mixed with honey to be taken. During this treatment he should be on salt diet.

Sandhivata (Arthritis)

Kwatha (Decoction) of Usava & Copacini (Smilax china) mixed with honey may be used in Sandhivata (Arthritis).

  • Research Corner

Smilax glabra Roxb, phenolic enriched extract is prepared with    70%  ethanol and purified by HP-20 column chromatography. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities were evaluated by radical scavenging assay, reducing  power determination and lipopoly saccharide (LPS) induced  RAW 264.7 cells assays. Seventeen components including 5-0-Caffeoylishekimic acid, neoastibin, astibin, neoisoastibin, isoastibin, engetin and isoengeletin were identified . the findings suggest the potentials of Natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent.

 

 Side Effects-

As it is mild laxative,people with diarrhea should use this with precaution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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