CHAMPAKA PLANT

चम्पक:कटूकस्तिक्त:कषायो मधुरो हिम:l

विष कृमिहर: कृच्छ कफवातास्त्र पित्तजित् l l भा प्र

Botanical Name :Michela champaka. Linn.

·       Classification:

§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom –Plantae

o   Class–Dicotyledons

o    Subclass –Polypetalae

o   Series–Thalamiflorae

o   Order –Ranales

o   Family     –Magnoliaceae

o   Genus –Michelia

o   Species –champaca

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak–Not mentioned in Varga
  • Sushruta–PuspaVarga
  • Bhavprakash–Puspavarga
  • Kaideva Nighantu-Oushadhi Varga,SarvaushadhikaVarga,Sugandhamalaka Varga,Sodala Nighantu,Dhanvantari Nighantu-Amradi varga
  • Raja Nighantu-Karveeradi Varga

§  Other Names :

English name- Golden champa, Champak
Hindi name- Champa
Kannnada        -Sampige
Telugu name- Sampangi
Tamil name- Sembugam, Shenbagam
Malayalam       – Chenbagam
Bengali name   – Sornochampa

Sanskrit Name-

Champeya,Champaka,Hemapushpa,Kanchana,Shat pada,Latika,Phali,Gandhaphali,Gandhaphala,Deepapushpa,Sthirapushpa,Peetapushpa,Hemahva

  • General Information :

Leaf- simple, alternate, oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, entire, glavrousabove,Flower- Yellowish to orange in colour, fragrant, solitary and axillary, Fruit- 5 to 10 cm long avoid or ellipsoid capsules, dark brown in colour, seeds are 1 to 12 in number, brown rounded on the back with pink fleshy aril.

 

  • Properties (Gunadharma)
    • Rasa-Katu, Tikta, Kasaya, Madhura
    • Vipak–katu
    • Virya–Sheet
  • Guna—Katu
  • Specific Parts
  • Bark, flower
  • Doshaghnata-Tridoshashamaka,especially Kapha
  • Shloka

चम्पक:कटूकस्तिक्त:कषायो मधुरो हिम:l

निहन्ति कफपित्तास्य मुत्रकृच्छ विषकृमिन् l l कै नि

चम्पक:कटूकस्तिक्त:कषायो मधुरो हिम:l

विष कृमिहर: कृच्छ कफवातास्त्र पित्तजित् l l भा प्र

चम्पक:कटूकस्तिक्त: शिशिरो दाह नाशान:l

कुष्ठकंडू व्रणहरो गुणाढ्यो राज चम्पक:l l रा.नि

 

  • Benefits
  • Abcess :

Powder the roots. Apply on the affacted part twice a day.

  • Colic :

Extract leaves juice, take equal quantity of juice and honey. . Have it twice a day.

  • Indigestion :

Prepare infusion of flowers. Take one cup once a day for 3 days.

  • Fever :

Dip some flowers in a glass of water overnight. Divide in two parts. Drink one part in th morning and one in the eveining.

  • Nausea :

Boil flowers in water. Take half cup twice a day for 3 days.

  • Gonorrhea :

Soak flowers in a cup of water .have it once a day for 3 days.

  • Headache :

Take the oil of flowers . Apply on the scalp twice or thrice a week.

  • Gout :

Apply flowers oil on the affected part once a day.

  • Rheumatism :

Massage the affected part with flowers oil twice a day.

The flowers of Champaka are used to treat leprosy.

The seeds of Champaka is used to treat badly chapped skin

  • Formulation (Kalp)
  • Name Indications
  • MahakalyanakaGhrita      Jwara,Unmad
  • Baladhatryadi Tailam-headache,Eye disoders
  • Mahaarajaprasarani Tailam-neurological problems
  • Madana Kameshwari Lehyam-Aphrodisiac tonic
  • MahasugandhiLaxmiVulasaTaila    Vatavyadhi

 

  • Dosage
  • Tvachaquatha – 40 to 80 ml.
  • Powder –   1 to 3 gm.
  • Chemical Composition.
  • Home Remedies
    • AvasaMutraNirgama (Urine Incontinence)

Decoction prepared from root of Campaka (Micheliacampaka) is effeicacious in AvasamutraNirgama (Incontinence of Urine).

  • Yoni Dourgandhya (Foul smell from vagina)

In case of yoni Dourgandhya (Four smell in vagina) One should  apply ghee mexed with tender leaves of Campaka (Micheliacampaka), Floweres of Jati (Jasminum grandiflora) and Madhura (Giycyrrhizaglabra) to the Vagina.

  • Research Corner

A study is done to identify the antihyperglycemic activity of various extracts viz, petroleum ether, chloroform, acetone, ethanol, aqueous and crude aqueous of the flower buds of Micheliachampaca. The ethanol extract of M. champaca exhibited significant antihyperglycemic activity but did not produce hypoglycemia in fasted normal rats apart form this extract, the crude aqueous and petroleum ether extracts were found active only at the end of the first hour.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 comment

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