CHAKRAMARDA PLANT

चक्रमर्दो लघु :स्वादु रुक्ष :पित्तानीलापह :l

हृद्यो हिम: कफश्वासकुष्ठदद्रु कृमिन् न्हरेत् l l

हन्त्युष्नं तत्फलं कुष्ठकंडूदद्रुविषानिलान् l

गुल्मकासक्रिमीश्वासनाशनं कटूकं स्मृतम् l l भा प्र

Botanical Name : Cassia tora Linn.

·       Classification :

§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom –Plantae

o   Class– Dicotyledons

o   Subclass – Polypetalae

o   Series – Thalamiflorae

o   Order      –Parietals

o   Family     – Caesalpinaceae

o   Genus – Cassia

o   Species – Tora

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak – Saka varga
  • Sushruta– Urdhwabhagahara
  • Bhavprakash–Haritakyadi varga
  • Dhanvartari Nighantu-Karaveeradi Varga
  • Raja Nighantu-Shatahvadi Varga

§  Chakramarda Other Names :

§  Assamese:

Kulb

§  Bengali:

Chavuka, Chakunda, Panevar, Chakunda/ Chakoda beeja

§  English:

Ring Worm Plant, Fetid Cassia, Fetid Senna, Sickle Senna, Wild Senna

§  Gujrati:

Kovaraya

§  Hindi:

Pavand, Punwad, Punwadia, Chakavar, Chakunda, Pamad, Panevar

§  Kannada:

Tagache, Thagache, Thagatthe

§  Malayalam:

Tagaa, Thakara, Ponthakara

§  Marathi:

Tankala

§  Punjabi:

Panwal, Chakunda, Chakwad

§  Tamil:

Vshittgarai, Senavu, Tagarai

§  Telugu:

Tagiris

§  Urdu:

Panwar

§  Chinese Name:

Jue ming zi

Sanskrit Names-

Kharjughna,Dadrughna-Cures Dadru-Ring worm

Edagaja,Andagaja,Gajakhya,Andahasti,Chakragaja,Kshodaka,Mardaka,Pamato,Meghakusuma,Drudabeeja,Prapunnata,Punnata,Prapunnada,Taravata,Vyavartaka,Padmata

Avartaka,Chakrika,Charahava,Chakramarda-Chakra refers to wheel or ringworm.It is useful to cure ringworm infection

  • General Information :

Annual shrubby weed, 30 to 90 cm in height. Leaves are alternate , pinnate, with 3 pairs of obovate leaflets.

Inflorescence – Axillary raceme and shorter than leaf, Flower – Yellow, 1 to 3 in number, Fruit- Pods, slender, very long, curved seeds, many, dark-brown and shining.

  • Types Of Plant’s
  • Herb
  • Properties (Gunadharma)
    • RasaKatu
    • VipakKatu
    • ViryaUshna
    • GunaRuksha,  Laghu
  • Specific Parts
  • Beeja (Seeds)
  • Moola (Root)
  • Patra (Leaf)
  • Doshaghnata
  • Kapha, Vatashamak.
  • Shloka’s

चक्रमर्द: कटूष्ण: स्यात् प्रोक्तो वातकफापह:l

दद्रुकंडूहर :कान्तीसौकुमार्यकरो मत :ll ध नि

चक्रमर्दो लघु :स्वादु रुक्ष :पित्तानीलापह :l

हृद्यो हिम: कफश्वासकुष्ठदद्रु कृमिन् न्हरेत् l l

हन्त्युष्नं तत्फलं कुष्ठकंडूदद्रुविषानिलान् l

गुल्मकासक्रिमीश्वासनाशनं कटूकं स्मृतम् l l भा प्र

चक्रमर्द :कटूस्तीव्रो  मेदोवातकफापह :l

व्रणकंडूतिकुष्ठार्तीदद्रुपामादीदोषनुत् l l रा नि

  • Benefits
  • Cassia Tora is used as a coffee substitute and has a maturing and anodyne action.
  • It is very useful in treating skin diseases like ringworm and itching or body scratch and psoriasis.
  • The alcoholic or vinegar maceration of pounded fresh leaves is used externally to treat eczema and dermatomycosis.
  • Decoction of the fruit of Cassia Tora is used in the treatment of fever.
  • Since the herb acts as a kapha and vata dosha suppressant, it acts as a nerve tonic.
  • It is consumed in worm infestation and cures the infection occurring in the body.
  • Cassia Tora acts as a liver stimulant, mild laxative and heart tonic.
  • The herb helps the body in maintaining the normal level of cholesterol.
  • Its paste is used for treating skin ailments and also for getting rid of chronic diseases.
  • Cassia Tora proves worthwhile in treating piles and hemorrhoids as well as relieving the pain caused on excretion.
  • Its powder proves useful in combating indigestion, toning up heart muscles and purifying blood.
  • The juice extracted from its leaves is used in case of skin ailments, rashes and allergies. It is also used as an antidote in case of various poisonings.
  • The leaves ad seeds of Cassia Tora are useful in leprosy, flatulence, colic, dyspepsia, constipation, cough, bronchitis and cardiac disorders.
  • Seed paste of Chakramarda is used for external application in case of eczema,leprosy,tinea,allergic dermitis,psoriasis,inflamed pile mass and snake bites,insect bits.
  • Fresh leaves of Chakramarda are pounded with vinegar and used for external application in case of eczema and psoriasis
  • Roasted seeds of Chakramarda possess the diuretic properties.
  • Chakramarda leaves are used in the treatment of Malaria,ring worm infestation,chronic inflammation of skin and other skin diseases.
  • Seeds of Chakramarda protect liver from damage.
  • Seeds of Chakramarda also possess hypotensive action hence it is used to lower blood pressure.
  • Seeds of Chakramarda is used to treat herpes,diseases of eyes and to heal infected sores.
  • Intake of roasted seeds are advisiable in headache
  • Gum obtained from seeds is used as emulsifying and binding agent in mediine preparations.
  • The whole plant of Chakramarda ossess purgative and vermifuge action.
  • Chakramarda root is used as a bitter tonic,stomachic and the leaves as an antiperiodic aperient and antihelminthic
  • To treat diarrhoea and bloody dyssentry ,leaf juice with salt is advisiable.
  • To treat scabies on itching ,paste of chakramarda plant is applied with buttermilk.Or leaf decoction of Chakraamarda is used for washing the affected area.
  • To treat Carbuncles and warts-Root paste of Chakramarda with lime juice is applied .Or Hot leaf paste is applied
  • In case of Bee Sting pounded leaf is applied topically
  • Hot leaf paste is applied the affected area of furuncles for releasing the pus.
  • Decoction prepared from whole plantis given to treat menstrual disoders.
  • Leave juice of Chakramarda is applied externally over blisters caused by marking nut
  • Poder of dried Chakramarda root is good blood purifier and tonic.It is given in a dose of 3-4gms with 30ml of ghee and 7 ml of powdered sugar.
  • The decoction prepared from Chakramarda root,Shatavari root and Balamula with 32 times of water.Reduced this till 1/8th.Add twice of its weight of sugar.Advice to take this syrup with cardamoms powder,twice a day with milk for six weeks for blood purification and as generalised tonic
  • To treat Scrofula-A medicated mustard oil is prepared by boiling macerated roots of Chakramarda and juice of Eclipta alba(bhangra).This is made in to an ointment with the addition of little red lead.This ointment is applied topically on scrofula.
  • To treat leprosy ,seeds of Chakramarda soaked in the milky juice of thuhar for sometimes.These seeds are grounded in to a paste with cow’s urine.This paste is applied over the affected part
  • To improve sexual debility chakramarda root powder (3-5gms)with ghee and sugar is advisiable for daily early morning intake.
  • To treat Leucoderma,paste preapared from Chakramarda,Chandana,Kapoor and buttermilk is used for external application.OR the paste prepared from chakramarada seed and neem berries is used for external application.

 

  • Formulation (Kalp)
  • Nimbadi Churna
  • Kasisadi Ghrita
  • Maha vishgarbh tail
  • Dosage
  • Beeja Choorna – 1 to 3 gm.
  • Patra svarasa –  5 to 10 ml.
  • Chemical Composition.

(+)- rhein, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, 7% resins, cathatrine, calcium, iron, phosphorus, 1,3,5-trihydroxy-6-7-dimethoxy-2-methylanthroquinone, beta-sitosterol, naptho-alpha-pyrone-toralactune, chrysophanol, physcion, emodin, rubrofusarin, cchrysophonic acid-9-anthrone, tricontan-1-0l, stigmasterol, b-sitosteral-b-D-glucoside, freindlen, palmitic, stearic, succinic and d-tartaric acids uridine, quercitrin, isoquercitrin.Read more at http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-herbs/cassia-tora.html#MqiKsd4HFGtHecxT.99

  • Home Remedies
  • Kustha (Skin disease)

Combination of Edagaja (Cassia tora), Vidanga (Embelia ribes). Haridra (Curcuma longa), Daruharidra (Berberis aristata). Root of Raja vrksa (Cassia fistula), Pippati (Piper longum), Pakala (Saussurea lappa) is used for bath and  drink in Kustha.

  • Siroroga (Head disease)

Prapunnata (Cassia tora) seeds are pounded with sour substances and then applied over scalp will relive many head related diseases.

  • Research Corner

A study done to in investigate the effects of soluble fibres of Cassia tora seeds on lipid metabolism. Male Sprague dawly rats were fed one of three experimental diet , a normal diet a high of Cassia tora seeds for 5 weeks. Serum concentration of totalcholesterol in rats fed soluble fibres of Cassia tora was 27% lowere compared to that of the control group. The results indicate that it enchances fecal lipid excretion and may cause a reduction in serum and hepatic lipid concentration in rats. 

 

 Side Effects-

It is safe to take Chakramarda,in low dosage for short period of time.Do not take in excess dosage

If it is taken in excess amount then it causes the side effects like lowers RBCs,reduced weight and water intake.In males it may causes the reduction in sperm count.

It may also cause loose motion.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 comment

  1. Micheal Brower

    I have not checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

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