BOLA PLANT

बोलं रक्तहरं शीतं मेध्यं दीपनपाचनम l

मधुरं कटू तिक्तं च दाहस्वेदत्रिदोषजित् l

ज्वरापस्मार कुष्ठघ्नं गर्भाशयविशुद्धी कृत् l l भा प्र

Botanical Name : Comiphora myrrha. Nees. Engl.

·       Classification :

§  According To Modern

o   Kingdom –  Plantae

o   Class        –  Dicotyledons

o   Subclass  –  Polypetalae

o   Series       –  Disciflorae

o   Order       –  Geraniales

o   Family      –  Burseraceae

o   Genus      –   Commiphora

o   Species    –   myrrh.

§  According To Ayurveda

  • Charak Not mentioned in Varga
  • Sushruta – Not mentioned in Gana
  • Bhavprakash – Dhatwadi Varga
  • Raja NIghantu-Pippalyadi Varga
  • Dhanvantari Nighantu-Chandanadi Varga

§   Other Names :

  • English  :        Myrrh
  • Hindi   :        Bol, Nisabal
  • Kannada     :        Bola, Gandha rasa
  • Sanskrit :        Bola, Rasa gandha
  • Malayalam:         Nasumbashamasam, Nasumbasa, meerha.
  • Tamil :        Vellaippapolam
  • Telugu   :        Balimtra-polam
  • Marathi      and Gujarathi    :Hirabol
  • Persian-Bol
  • Arabian name-Myrr

Sanskrit Synonyms-

Pinda.Nirloha,Gomata,Nalika,Stoka,Kalakuta,Stomaka,Gopaka,Goparasa,Naalika,Pranapinda,Nirloha,Barbara,Raktapaha,Raktagandhaka,Mahagandha,Shubhagandhaka,Vishwagandha,Vranari

Jatirasa,Gandharasa,Vasagandhaka,Rasagandha.

All the synonyms having the word Gandha indicates about its odor

All the synonyms having the word Pinda indicates about spherical shape of resin drops.

  • General Information :

Habit- Tree or a shrub, Branches – Often spinescent., Leaf- Trifoliate, sometimes with very small lateral leaflets, Flower – Small, short pedicelled, Fruit – Drupe, ovoid or subglobose, brown small 2 to 4 mm long. Part Used – Niryasa (Oleo – gum- resin)

  • Properties (Gunadharma)
    • Rasa – Tikta, Katu, Madhura, Kasaya
    • Vipak – Katu
    • Virya – Sheet
    • Guna – Ruksa , Laghu
  • Specific Parts
  • Niryasa [Gum]
  • Doshaghnata
  • Tridoshaghna,
  • Shloka’s

बोलस्तिक्त : कटू :स्वादु :पाचानो दीपनो हिम :l

मेध्यो वृष्यस्त्रिदोषघ्नि गर्भाशयविशोधन :l l

हन्त्यपस्मारकुष्ठार्श: भग्नस्वेदग्रहज्वरान् l l कै नि

बोलं तिक्तं हिमं रक्तमुद्रीक्तं हन्ति योगात :l

कफपित्तामयान् हन्ति प्रदरादिरुजापहम् l l ध नि

बोलं रक्तहरं शीतं मेध्यं दीपनपाचनम l

मधुरं कटू तिक्तं च दाहस्वेदत्रिदोषजित् l

ज्वरापस्मार कुष्ठघ्नं गर्भाशयविशुद्धी कृत् l l भा प्र

  • Benefits

1.      Respiratory problems

Myrrh oil works well against coughs, colds, and sore throat. It also helps relieve congestion and expel phlegm.

2.      Digestive ailments

It promotes digestive health and helps alleviate problems like stomach upset, diarrhea, dyspepsia, indigestion, flatulence and hemorrhoids.16,17

3.      Gum and mouth diseases

It helps relieve toothache, gingivitis, and mouth ulcers, and also freshens your breath. Myrrh oil is even used as a natural ingredient in mouthwashes and toothpaste.

4.      Immune system health

It strengthens and activates your immune system to help keep your body protected from infections.

 

5.      Potent Antioxidant

A 2010 study in the journal of Food and Chemical Toxicology found that myrrh could protect against liver damage due to its high antioxidant capacity. Although this particular study was conducted with rabbits, there is some potential for uses in humans also.

6.      Anti-Cancer

Myrrh has also been found to have anti-cancer benefits. A 2011 found that myrrh was able to reduce the proliferation or replication of human cancer cells. Researchers found that myrrh inhibited growth in eight different types of cancer cells, specifically gynecological cancers. Although further research is needed to determine exactly how to use myrrh for cancer treatment, this initial research is promising

7.      Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Fungal

Historically, myrrh was used to treat wounds and prevent infections. It can still be used in this manner on minor skin irritations such as athlete’s foot, ring worm, and acne. Apply a few drops to a clean towel first before applying it directly to the skin.

8.      Anti-Parasitic

A medication has been developed using myrrh as a treatment for fascioliasis infection, a parasite that has been infecting humans worldwide. This parasite is generally transmitted by ingesting aquatic algae and other plants. A medication made with myrrh was able to decrease symptoms of the infection, as well as a drop in parasite egg count found in the feces.

9.      Skin Health

Myrrh can help maintain healthy skin. It can help soothe chapped or cracked skin. It is commonly added to skin care products to help with moisturizing and also for fragrance. Ancient Egyptians used it to prevent aging and maintain healthy skin.

10.  Relaxation

Myrrh is commonly used in aromatherapy for massages. It can also be added to a warm bath or applied directly to the skin.

External application -Bola is applied externally o heal wound,to stop the bleeding and to treat inflammation related to arthritis.

 Gargling of bola is advisiable o treat the oral problems as it constricts the mucous membrane of mouth

Bola is used for topical application in case of skin diseases,infections and wounds by its antimicrobial action.

Oil prepared from bola is used in gingival inflammation associated with gingivitis and periodontitis.

Bola is topically used for mild inflammation of oral and pharyngeal mucosa

Topical application of bola is advisiable in bed sores,open wound ,chronic ulcer,skin cracks,minor wounds and haemorhoids.

To treat cracked lips ,external application solution prepared fby heating resin,bee wax,jaggery with ghee is advisiable.

For cracked heals-Topical application of bola,jaggery,rock salt,bee wax,khus and ghee is advisiable.

Tincture of myrrh mixed with calendula is applied on affected part to treat the fungal infections of nails and skin

To treat Purulent Ophthalmia-bola is dissolved in milk and dropped in to eye for recovery from purulent ophthalmia

To treat the Rheumatism and nervin pain-decoction prepared from punarnava,bhallataka,jungali erandi roots then add gum resin of bola and made a thick paste.This is used twice a day for rheumatism and nervine pain.

To treat Scabies,itchess ,all types of wounds-bola,kali mirch,vidang,sarson,motha,gandhak,kushta,pencil cactus,haldi,kapur,suhaga,nila -tuthya are taken in equal amount of powderes.This is mixed in coconut oil and kept in sunlight.This is further heated in iron vessel and applied on affected areas.

  • Formulation (Kalp)

Name                              Indications

  • Bola Parpati Pradara, Raktapitta
  • Bola Baddha rasa               Raktapitta, Raktarss
  • Boladi Vati                          gynaecological disoders
  • Maharajaprasarani Tail  neurological problem
  • Asthisandhanak Lepa     fractures and dislocation
  • Dosage
  • Choorna – 0.5 to 1.5 gm.
  • Chemical Composition.

Commiferin, a- and b amyrones, Myrrhol, Myrrhin, a-pinene, cadinene, limonene, cuminaldehyde, eugenol, m-cresol, heerabolene, acetic acid, formic acid and other sesquiterpenes and acids.
Important components of the resin are α-, β- and γ-commiphoric acids, α- and β-heerabomyrrhols, heeraboresene, commiferin, burseracin, various terpenes. Also present are the steroids campesterol, cholesterol and β-sitosterol (ESCOP 2003, Hagers Handbuch 1992, Wichtl 1989).

It contain volatile oil known as myrrml-2% resin 35% bitter extract, calcium, phosphate, carbonate.
It also contains commiferim,  α & β amyrones, Myrrhin-2%, volalite oil – 2.5-6.5%, gum-57-61% & various impurities-3-4%.
Volalite oil contains cumenic aldehyde, eugenol, metacresol, pinine, lumonene, dipentene & two susqinterpenes  resin is complex of greater part of it is soluble in ether & consist of three free resin acids α, β, γ   comniphoric acids & esters of another resin acid & two phenolic resins.  Ether insoluble portion consists of two resin acids α, β, γ herabomyrrolic acids.

 

  • Home Remedies
  • Vatarakta (Gout)

Gum-resin of bola (common myrrh) should be applied over the parts affected with Vatarakta (Gout) will give much beneficial effect.

  • Mukhapaka (Stomatitis)

Application of Bola (Commiphora myrrh) and Tankana (Borax) is very useful in Mukhapaka (Stomatitis).

  • Research Corner

Three new cadinane sesquiterpenes, commiterpenes  A-C were isolated from the resinous exudates of Commiphora myrrha. All the isolated sesquiterpenes showed neuroprotective effects against MPPx induced  neuronal cell death in SH-SYSY cells. Xu J et al. “ Neuroprotective cadinane sesquiterpenes from the resionous exudates of Commiphora myrrha.

 

 

Side Effects-

It is adviced to avoid this during pregnancy because of its abortifacient action.

It is not easily aborsed by intestine

The raw Bola can be taken orally in very small quantity

It should not  be given to children under 2 years.

For older children and people over 65 a lower strength is prescribed initially.

If it is taken in lage quantity it upsets the stomach

It may increase bruising and bleeding

In case of diabetetic patients ,it is important to moniter the sugar level.

People with sensitive skin should avoid topical applications containing myrrh as it may cause contact dermatitis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *