बिजपुरफलं स्वादु रसेमलं दीपनं लघु

रक्तपित्तहरं कुष्ठजीह्राह्रदयशोधनम

श्र्वासकासारुचिहरं ह्रदयं तृष्णाहरं स्मृतम l l भा प्र              

Botanical Name :  Citrus medica Linn.   


According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Geraniales

Family     –Rutaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak – Hridya varga

Chardinigrahana varga

Sushruta -Phala varga

Bhavprakash – Amradi phala varga.Panchamla

Kaiydeva Nighantu-Panchapallava

Raja NIghantu,Dhanvantari Nighantu-Amradi varga


Other Names :

Hindi name-  Bijoura,  bara neebu, purak, turanj, vetas 
English name- Citron, wild lemon
Bengali name- Begpur
Kannada name – maadala, deva maadala, maadavaala, maathulanga, mahaaphala.
Telugu name- Madiphalam, Nimmakaya, matulungamu, Dabbakaya
Tamil name- Kadara- Narathai,  elumiccai, kommatti-matulai, turunji, turunchi, koti naratthai, kommatti maatulai
Malayalam name –  Ganapathi Narakam,  cerunaarakam
Konkani name – mauling
Assamese name – Namutenga / kaji tenga,  Jora tenga
Bengali name – jambeera, taba
Gujarati name – turanj
Manipuri name –  heijang
Marathi name –  mahalunga
Urdu name – ab-e-turanj, poast turanj.
Persian name – kalimbak
Arab name –  qalambak

Sanskrit Name-


Kesara,Kesaramla-Safron,orangish colour

Jantughna-Useful in intestinal worm infestation

Danturastvacha-Having thick fruit skin

Ruchka,Rochanaphala-fruit improves appetite,useful in anorexia

General Information :

Leaves – Oblong or elliptic with acute or rounded apex, coriaceous, glabrous, dark green above. Inflorescence – Axillary cymes. Flower – white, tinged with pink and scented. Fruit – Large berries, oblong or globose, fleshy, rind is thick, irregular or warted, on ripening becomes yellow. Seeds smooth and few in number.

Type of Plant :

Sour, Sweet.


Properties (Gunadharma)

Madhura variety                   Amla variety

Rasa-    Madhura                                 Amla

Vipak-  Laghu, Snigdha                       Tikshna

Virya-   Madhura                                 Amla

Guna-   Sheeta                                     Ushna


Specific Parts :




Raw–Kapha–Vataghna, Vata–Pittaghna.


Shloka’s :

बिजपुरफलं स्वादु रसेमलं दीपनं लघु

रक्तपित्तहरं कुष्ठजीह्राह्रदयशोधनम

श्र्वासकासारुचिहरं ह्रदयं तृष्णाहरं स्मृतम l l भा प्र

बीजपूरफलमम्लकटूष्ण श्वासकासशमनं पचनं च l

कंठशोधनपरं लघु हृद्य दीपनं च रुचीकृज्जरनं च  l

बालं पित्तमरुत्कफास्त्रकरणं मध्यं च ताद्दग्वीध पक्वं

वर्णकरं च हृद्यमथ तत्पुष्णाति पुष्टिं बलम् l l रा नि

Benefits :

It is  ruchikara, trishnanigrahana, deepana, anulomana and yakritottejana in nature hence it should be used in aruchi, chhardi, trishna, agnimandya, yakrit vikaras, shola, gulma and arsha. Its stamens being grahi should be used in pravahika and arsha.

Sula (Colic)

Bijapuraka (Citrus medica)juice with honey and alkali is very useful in sula (Colic).

Mukha Vairasya in Jwara (Tastelessness due to fever)

Matulunga (Citrus medica)juice mixed with honey and rocksalt is very useful in tastelessness due to fever.


Extract Juice from half Citron fruit. Add a cup of water in it. Drink whenever feel tired.


Drink 50 ml Citron fruit juice twice a day.

Gum Diseases :

Chew 2-3 leaves of Citron plant daily.

The filaments of Matulunga are used in colic pain,anorexia,costipation,impairment of digestion,alcoholisms,hiccough,dyspnoea,cough,vomiting,disoders relating o faces and such other diseases as arise from the vitiated vata as well as kapha.(ref-Charaka Sutra-27)

The twak of Matulunga is pungent in taste and oily in composition .It controls the growth of intestinal parasites.It pacifies the kapha and vata dosha

The mesocarp of Matulunga is oily in nature .It nourishes the tissues,increases virility and pacifies the vata and pitta dosha.

The flowers of Matulunga is used in the treatment of gulma.

The leaves and fruits of Matulunga is used for the preparation of Jambira Pinda sweda,Naranga kizhi hich is used for swedan treatment.

Seed paste of Matulunga is used in case of scorpion bite.

Juice of Matulunga is used for stimulation of liver and proper secreation of bile juice

To treat the diabetes seed decoction of Matulunga is advisiable.Dose-5ml BD

To get relief from bad odor it is adviced to chew small piece of Matulunga peel.

Decoction of Matulunga root and stem is used to treat the inflammation.Dose-30ml BD

Or it is advised to apply the paste of Matulunga root o stem over the inflammed area.

Drink the Matulunga sharabat in case of Fatigue or tiredness.


Method of Intake

In rainy seasons-Matulunga should be taken with Saidhav lavana

In Sharad season-ith Sita or Mishri

In Hemanta,Shishir and Magha-with salt,ginger,hinga,black peppers.

In Grishma-with Jaggery



Formulation (Kalp) :

Matulungadiyoga, Beejapuradyaghrita.

Dhatri rasayana

Narsimhma Rasayana

Dashmoola Rasayana

Kshar tailam



Fruit Juice – 10 to 20 ml.


Chemical Composition :

Citric acid, Sulphuric acid, glucose, Abscisic Acid, Abscisin II, Limonin, Limonene, Limocitrol, Rutin etc. Peel contains citrol, citrine.

Research Corner :

Study is conducted to determine the chemical composition and the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hypoglycemic potential of Citrus medica flowers, leaves and fruits at two maturity stages. Flowers  and leaves were characterized by the highest total phenols and flavonoids contents.


Side Effects-

Unripe fruits are unhealthy for consumption

Very sour fruits are contra indicated in High pitta conditions such as bleeding disoders,nasal bleeding,burning sensation,gastritis

It should not be consumed along with milk


  1. Ramakrishna

    Can you list all the Citrus Varieties existing in India

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