Botanical Name : MiMusops elengi. Linn.
According To Modern
Order – Etepales
Family – Sapotaceae
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Not mentioned in Varga
Sushruta- Not mentioned in Gana
Bhavprakash- Puspa varga
Dhanvantari Nighantu-Amradi varga
Kaiydeva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga
Raja Nighantu-Karaveeradi varga
Shodala Nighantu-Amradi varga
Other Names :
UNANI: Maulsiri, GUJARATI: Babhuli, Bolsari, Varsoli, Vovoli
HINDI: Bakul, Bolsari, Maulsarau, Maulser, Maulsari
TAMIL: Alagu, Ilangi, Kesaram, Kosaram, Magil, Magilam, Vagulam
PUNJABI: Maulsari, Maulsiri
BENGALI: Bakal, Bakul, Bohl, Bukal
MARATHI: Bakhor, Bakula, Barsoli, Ovalli, Owli, Vavoli, Wovali, Wowli
MALAYALAM: Elengi, Ilanni, Iranni, Makuram, Bakulam
FRENCH: karanicum, BURMESE: Kaya, MALAYSIAN: Enengi, THAI: Pikul
ENGLISH: Spanish-Cherry, West Indian Medlar, Bullet Wood
TRADE NAME: Bulletwood
Chira pushpa-The flowers remain fresh for long duration
Madhugandha-The flowers have pleasent smell
Sthreemukha,Sthirakusuma,Sthirapushpa-The fragnance of flweris retained even after it is dried
Seedhugandha,Madyadohada,Madyagandha-The smell of flower intoxicating like alcohol
Sheershakesara,Kesara,Simha kesari-The flower is dense like mane of lion
General Information :
Bark – smooth and scaly. Leaf – simple, alternate, 6 to 10 cm long & 3 to 5 cm broad. Elliptic glabrous, shortly acuminate with 1 to2 cm long petiole. Flower – solitary or in fascicles of 2 to 6. White in colour and fragrant. Fruit – Berry, 2.5 cm long, ovoid, yellow in colour on ripening, seed is solitary, ovoid, compressed, brown and shining.
Rasa- Kasaya, Katu
Specific Parts :
Bark, Flower, Fruit
बकूलस्तुवरोनुष्ण: कटुपाकरसो गुरु:│
तत्फलं मधुरं स्निग्ध कषायं विशदं हिमम् l
कफपित्तहरं हृद्यं दन्त्यं संग्राही वातलम l l कै नि
बकुलोभ्दवपुष्पं च सुपक्वं च सुगंधी च l
मधुरं च कषायं स्निग्ध संग्राही बकुलम l l
स्थिरीकरं च दन्तानां विशदं तत्फलं गुरु l ध नि
बकुलो मधुगन्धश्च सिंहकेसरकस्तथा l
बकुलस्तुवरोsनुष्ण: कटूपाकोरसो गुरु: l
Danta cala (Loss tooth)
Bakula twak decoction (Mimusopa elengi bark) should be used for gargling in danta cala.(loss tooth)
- The tender leaves of Bakula or the unripe fruit of the plant is chewed to treat bleeding from the gums and gingivitis.
- Gargaling of Bakul bark is advisiable in the diseases or oral cavity like gingivitis,oral ulcers and looseness of teeth
- The paste of the bark and unripe fruit is applied over the local area of insects bites or other small animal bites to relieve the effect of poison.
- The cold infusion of Bakul flower provide strength to the cardiac muscles ,hence it is given in a dose of 40-50ml in a person suffering from weak cardiac muscles.
- Decoction prepared from the bark of the stem or cold infusionis given in diarrhea and intestinal worms.Dose-30-40ml
- Nasya of Bakula flower juice or churna of dried bakul flower is used to treat headache and sinusitis
- Bakul bark’s cold infusion is given in dysmenorrhea and leucorrhea.Dose-40-50ml
- Bakul flower’s decoction or cold infusion acts like a general tonic.
- Toothache: Bark powder is applied.
- Loose teeth: Unripe fruits are used as masticatory.
- The bark and seed coat of bakul is used for sthrengthening the gum.
- The bark of Bakul is used to improve fertility in women.Fruit pulp of bakul is also advised to eat daily for improvement of female fertility.
- Ripe fruit is given to pramote the delivery.
- Fruits of Bakul is used for abortion purpose.
- To treat the tingling sensation of teeth,massage of gums with bark powder of Bakul is advisiable.
- Tnder twings of bakul is used for cleaning the teeth and strengthening the gums
- Eyesight weakness, Diseases of Eyes:
Leaf juice of Bakul with honey is given in eyediseases and eyesight weakness.Dose-7-14ml
- Brian tonic:
Dried powder of bakul flower is used as brain tonic.
- Chronic diarrhea, Weakness after diarrhea:
The fruit pulp is eaten.
The dried flower powder is used a snuff in case of headache.
Formulation (Kalp) :
Kwatha – 50 to 100 ml.
Choorna – 1 to 2 gm.
Research Corner :
Present study reports the used of Mimusops elengi fruit extract for the synthesis of silver Nano particles (AgNPs) the polyphenols present in M. Elengi seed extract was analyzed by High Performance Liquid chromatography (HPLC) and results revealed the presence of ascorbic acid, Gallic acid, pyrogallol and resorcinol.