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BADARA PLANT

सौवीर बदरं शीतं भेदनं गुरुशुक्रलम │

बृहंनं पित्तदाहास्त्रक्षयतृष्णानिवारणम ││ 

Botanical Name of Badara : Zizyphud Jujuba Mill & Lamk.   

Classification of Badara:

According To Modern

Kingdom – Plantae

Order      – Celasterales

Family     – Rhamnaceae

 

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Hridya Varga,

Swedaopaga Varga,

Hikkani-grahana Varga,

Virecanopaga Varga,

Srmahara Varga,

Chardini         – grahana Varga.

Sushruta        – Nyagrodhadi Gana.

Bhavprakash – Amradiphala Varga.

 

Other Names :

Telugu name     : Regu chettu
Tamil name       : Ilandai
English Name    : Indian Jujube, ber, Chinee apple, jujube, Indian plum
Kannada name  : Bore hannu, Bore mara

Ayurvedic: Kola, Koli, Badari, Badar

Unani: Ber

Siddha: Handai

Tamil: Ilandhai

English: Indian Jujube, Common Jujube

Assam.: Vagari

Bengali: Kul Vadar, Vadar, Vadai, Narkolikul

Gujarati: Bor

Hindi: Desi Ber

Malayalm: Lanta, Lantakkura

Marathi: Bor

Oriya: Borakoli

Punjabi: Desi ber

Urdu: Ber

Sansskrit Names-

Ajapriya,Karkandhu,Kola,Badari,Sauveera,Gudaphala,Baleshta-liked by children

 

General Information :

A spine deciduous shrub or small tree grows up to 30 ft. height. Leaves – Alternate, ovate to ovoid-lanceolate, 3 to 7 cm long, 2 to 4 cm wide, Apex is slightly obtuse, base is oblique, margin closely serrulate, 3-veined. Inflorescence – Axillary cyme. Fruit – Drupe, 2 to 5 cm long, ovate or oblong dark reddish brown when ripe, contains single stony seed.

Types Of Plant’s :

Acc to Bh. P. No. – 3 Types             Ra.Ni. – 3 Types

  • Karkandhu         –     Raja badara
  • Sauvira         –     Bhubadari
  • Kola                     –     Laghu badara

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa     – Madhura, Amla, Kasaya

Vipaka – Madhura

Virya    – Sheeta

Guna    – Picchila, Guru, Snigdha

 

Specific Parts :

Fruit,Bark,Leaf

 

Doshaghnata :

Vata-Pittaghna.

 

Shloka’s :

सौवीर बदरं शीतं भेदनं गुरुशुक्रलम │

बृहंनं पित्तदाहास्त्रक्षयतृष्णानिवारणम ││

बदरं मधुरं स्निग्ध भेदनं वातपित्तजित l

तच्छूश्कं कफवातघ्न पित्ते न च विरूध्यते l l च सू २७

कर्कन्धूकोलबदरमम्लं वातकफापहम् l l

पक्वं पित्तानीलहरं स्निग्ध च मधुरं रसे l l

पुरातनं तृटशमनमामघ्नं दीपनं लघु l

सौवीरबदरं स्निग्ध मधुरं वातपित्तजित् l l ध नि

Benefits :

Internal: It is deepana, pachana, anulomana, trishna nigrahana and pleehavriddhihara in guna hence it should be used in agnimandya, aruchi, vibandha, anaha, adhmana, trishna and pleehavriddhi.

It should be used as  cardiac tonic being hridya.

The root paste or leave paste  of badar is externally applied on affected part of body  in case of rheumatism,gout and similar conditions.

Paste prepared from badar leaves is externally applied over skin for relieving the burning sensation and fever.It also brings down body temprature.

Paste of badar bark is applied externally to treat Visphota,boils and abscess.

Bark decoction of badar is used with Narayana churna  to treat bloating and abdominal distension.

Raktatisara (Diarrhoea with blood)

paste prepared from root of Badara (Zizyphus jujuba), Tila (Sesamum indicum), honey and milk is used in raktatisara.

 

Kasa (Cough)

Fried leaves of badar mix with Saindhavalavana (Rock salt) is  given internally in case of Kasa (Cough).

 

Chronic cough

The paste of bark (12-24 g) is fried in ghee and taken with rock salt (1 g) thrice daily.

 

Vomiting

Badar root powder(1gm) should be taken with tandulodak (rice water) in case of vomiting.

 

Eye diseases

The leaves juice is rubbed gently like kajal.

Hair Care-

Paste prepared from badar leaves,amla and neem leaves is externally applied on scalp region in case of hair fall.

Fresh leaves decoction is used for hair washing.

Pimples,acne,abscesses,boils and carbuncles-

Leave paste of badar is externally applied over the area of acne and pimples

Application of pounded leaves is advisiable in case of boils

Wound-

Polutice of badar leaves is applied on affected area

Indigestion-

To treat the indigestion,it is advised to take root paste of badar internally in a dose of 1tsf

Diabetes-

Dried badar leaves churna is used to treat the diabetes in adose of 1tsf twice a day.

Diuretics-

Badar leaves decoction is used for diuretic purpose.

Diarrhoea-

The powder of dried fruit  in a dose of 3gm is used to treat the diarrhoea.

To treat the dysentry ,the juice is extracted from equal amount of leaves of patharchatta ,jamun and ber are taken orally.

Use of Badara in Panchakarma-

Ber is used in sweating and virechana treatment.

In snehana treatment,for treating male and female reproductive system disoders such as infertility,heavy periods,low sperm quality.The shena is prepared with sesame oil,marrow,muscle fat ,ghee and the decoction of badara,triphala.( Charaka Sutrasthana 13/95)

When ber is sour then it is not used in gastritis  but when it is sweet and ripe  it calms the stomach acid secreation and relieves the gastritis.

Sessame oil is applied over the pile mass.The decoction is prepared from badar herb.This lukewarm decoction is used for sizt bath.It reduces pain,itching and size of the pile mass (Charaka samhita Chi 14)

Paste of Badar leaves are fried in ghee and given mixed with rock salt to alleviate laryngitis associated with cough.

 

 

Formulation (Kalp) :

Name                                      Indication

Badaradi dhupa                      Vrana, Upadamsa

Badari curnadi yoga               Pradara

Badari patra peya                   Sthoulya

Ajamamsa Rasayana           vata disoders

Panchamla  taila                    Amavata

Dosage :

Pulp – 1 to 3 gm.

 

Chemical Composition :

Fruit: Rich in Vitamin C, Also contains Jujubosides A&B (seeds),

Zizogenin, Zeatin, Frangufoline, Saponin etc.
Bark:  Leucocyanidin, Mauritines A,B,C,D, E & F frangufoline.
Leaves: Rutin, Yuziphine, Yuzirin

 

Research Corner :

Polysaccharides from Zizyphus jujube Mill is evaluated for the chemical composition. Antioxidant activity and hepatoprotectie effect. HPLC analysis showed that polysaccharide rich in glucose (38.59%) arabinose (23.16%) glacturonic acid (17.64%) and galactose (10.44%).

 

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