Babbula Plant

बब्बुल: काफनुद ग्राही कुष्टक्रीमिवीषापह ।

बब्बुलस्य तु निर्यासो ग्राही पित्ता निलापह  ।। .वि          

Botanical Name :      Acacia Arabica Willd. 

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Rosales

Family     –Mimosaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Not mentioned in Varga

Sushruta- Not mentioned in Gana

Bhavprakash- Vatadi varga

Kaiydeva Nighantu-Oushadhi varga

Shodala Nighantu-Amradi varga

 

Other Names :

English name – Babul, Indian gum Arabic tree
Hindi name – Babbul, Keekar
Bengali name – Baabla
Kannada name – Jaali Mara
Tamil name- Karuvel
Telugu name – Nallatumma

Sanskrit Names-

Yugmakanta-Two spikes are seen together

Dridaruha-The stem and branches of plant are strong

Sookshma patra-The leaves are small in appearance

Malaphala-The fruit pods resemble a chain

Kantaki-has pikes

Sapeetaka,Peetapushpa-yellow flowers

Kashayakaha-Natural astrigent

Kinkirata

General Information :

Babul(Acacia arabica) is a medicinal tree which is found throughout the drier and sandy parts of India. Its use as datun for teeth cleaning is well known.  Regular use of Babul datun strengthens gums, teeth and also reduces plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation.

Habit- medium sized spiny tree. Root- tap root system and branched. Stem- woody, solid, cylindrical, branched and having white spines. Leaf- Compound , bipinnate, stipulate, stipules modified into spines petiolate, leaves are alternate with unicostate reticulate venation, Rhachis has several glands. 10 to 20 pairs of leaflets are present. Inflorescence- compound cymose head. Flowers- Biesexual, complete, actionomorphic, yellow in colour and fragrant. Fruit- A lomentaceous pod. Seed is non-endospermic.

Types Of Plant’s :

Gum: Grahi, vrsya, sonitasthapana

General: Kapahahara, grahi, visaghna

Fruits: Stambhana, asthisandhanakara

 

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Kasaya

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Guru, Ruksha

Specific Parts :

Leaves,

bark,

pods,

gum,

roots,

resin, and wood

 

Doshaghnata :

Kapha-Pitta shamak.

Shloka’s :

बब्बुलस्तु कषायोष्ण: कफकासामयापह:l

आमरक्तातीसरघ्न : पित्तदाहार्ती नाशन :l

बबुलस्य फलं रुक्षं विशदं स्तंभनं गुरु l कै नि

बब्बुल: काफनुद ग्राही कुष्टक्रीमिवीषापह । भा .प्र

बब्बुलस्य तु निर्यासो ग्राही पित्ता निलापह  ।। अ.वि

 

 

Benefits :

Being stambhana gunas it is used in atisara, pravahika, arsha .It is Krimighna hence used in krimirogas.For this pod should be used.

Bark is rooksha in guna hence used in prameha and the gum in mootrakrichchhra being snehana.

Gum in shukradaurbalya being vrishya. Unripe pod is useful in premature ejaculation being shukrastambhana. The bark and the pod in pradara being stambhana and garbhashaya shothahara; the bark in kushtha.

The bark skin, leaves, seeds, pods and the gum of babbula are used for medicinal purpose. The plant is used internally as well as externally.

The powder of its leaves is sprinkled on burns and scalds, externally, to arrest bleeding and promote the healing. The bark decoction is beneficial as a gargle and mouthwash in throat and laryngeal inflammation and aphthous stomatitis

Babul bark is considered to be effective in the treatment of eczema. Babul gum is also believed to help with skin irritations. In fact, a paste made from babul leaves is known to help in rejuvenating the skin and keeping infections and rashes at bay.

Both the leaves and bark are widely used for their ability to control bleeding and infection; thus, they can be used on wounds, cuts, and injuries.

The leaves of the babul plant are used for the treatment a condition that causes excess watering of the eyes. They are also used to lessen redness and swelling due to conjunctivitis.

A decoction of babul bark helps to relieve symptoms of tonsillitis.

The wood of the babul tree is durable and finds use in the manufacture of oil presses and agricultural implements.

Siz bath of babul bark decoction is advisiable in rectal prolapse.

Babul leaves paste is applied externally over the injury caused by fire contact .

The bark paste of Badar is applied externally over the oozingeczemas.

Decoction prepared from the pods of babbul plant in given in bleeding piles and hemorrhoids.

Crushed leaves of babbul in a dose of 2-3gm  with 1tsf of sugar,twice a day is recommanded in spermatorrhoea of Dhat syndrom or Nightfall

mixture is prepared by mixing equal quantity of Babul flower churna and sarkara.This mixture should be taken in a dose of 10gm,thirce a day for treating the jaundice.

Bark decoction of babul (1-2gms) with buttermilk is given to treat all types of abdominal disoders.

Advice to take 2-4gms of babul leaves powder  at every morning helps in conceivening.

Paste is prepared by grinding the babul leaves and young harad.Massage is done by this mixter.and then take a bath .This will helps in controlling he sweat

Powder of babul bark,gum and pod should be taken in a dose of 1tsf ,thrice a day helps to controls the lumbago.

Formulation (Kalp) :

Babbularishta, lavangadivati.

Dasanakanti churna

Trayodashanga guggula

Khadiradi gulika

Dosage :

Tvacha qutha – 40 to 80 ml.

Fruit – Powder – 1 to 3 gm.

Niryasa – 3 to 6 gm.

Research Corner :

A study is conducted to evaluate would management property of aqueous extract of gum acasia study shown that gum acasia is haemostatic and hasten blood coagulation. It showed shortening of activated partial thromboplastin time and prothrombin time.

Home remedies :

Atisara (diarrhoea):

In case of Atisara (Diarrhoea ) kalka (Paste ) of tender leaves of Babbula (Acacia arabica) is beneficial.

Netra srava (Excessive Iacrimation)

Anjana (collyrium) prepared from kwatha of leaves of Babbula (Acacia arabica) mixed with honey if applied will relieve Netra srava (Excessive lacrimation).

Arthritis-

Babool gum powder(3gms)is added in to a cup of water ,and heated for 2-3mins and consumed once a day for 1 month

Side Effects-

It is best to avoid this medicine during constiopation.

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