Aparajita

Aparajita

अपराजिते कटु मेध्ये शिते कन्ठये सुद्रुष्टिदे । काष्ठमूत्रत्रिदोषामशोथव्रणविषापहे ।।सिन्दुक:स्मृतिदस्तिक्त: कषाय: कटुको लघु: ।कृमीकुष्ठाचीश्र्लेष्मज्वरात्रिलापितद्विधा ।।

Botnical Name : Clitoria klio, Clitoria ternatea Linn.

APARAJITA

Classification Of Aparajita :

 According To Modern,

  • Kingdom– Plantae.
  • Order– Rosales.
  • Class– Dicotyledons.
  • Sub Class– Polypetalae.
  • Series– Calyciflorae.
  • Family– Papilionaceae.
  • Genus– Clitoria.
  • Species– Ternatea.

 According To Ayurveda,

  • Charak- Sirovirecanopaga varga.
  • Sushrut- Not Mentioned in Gana.
  • Bh.Pr.Ni.- Guducyadi varga.

Other Name Of Aparajita

  1. Family Name : Aparajitadivarga (Papilionaceae).
  2. English Name : Butterfly(Blue) pea, Clitoria, Mezereon, Winged–leaved.
  3. Hindi name : Koyala, Heel koyala, Aparajita.
  4. Sanskrit name : Vishnukranta, Yonipushpa, Girikarnika, Kokilaa.
  5. Bengali Name : Aprajita.
  6. Gujrati Name : Garnee.
  7. Malayalam Name : Shankhapushpam, Aral, Kakkanamakoti.
  8. Marathi Name : Gokarni, Gokarna.
  9. Tamil Name : Kakkanam kakkatan.
  10. Telugu Name : Dintena, Sankupushpam, Nallavusinitige.
  11. Unani Name : Mezereon.
  12. Kannada : Shankhapushpa.

General Information :

Aparajita as a  Called in Botnicalis Name ( Clitoria ternatea Linn.) Aparajita as commonly known as Koyala in Hindi. The plant belongs to Fabaceae family and its Latin name is Clitoria Ternatea.Habit- slender vine or climber, Root- tap root system, branched , roots are nodulated. Stem- slender, green coloured.Leaf- Compound , imparipinnate, alternate with 5 to 7 leaflets, leaflets are ovate or oblong and reticulately veined. Inflorescence- Axillary, cymose solitary flower,Flower- Bisexual, zygomorphic with 5 sepals and 5 petals, papilionaceous, petals are blue or white, Fruit- pod, 10 to 15 seeded, seeds are non-endospermic and reni-form shaped.

Types of Plant’s Verities

  • Blue flowers.
  • White flowers.
  • Ksudra Sveta.
  • Sveta aparajitha.
  • Mahasevta aparajitha.
  • Katabhi.

Properties (Gunadharma)

  • Rasa– Katu, Tikta.
  • Vipak– Katu.
  • Virya– Sheet.
  • Gun- Laghu, Tikshna.
  • Prabhava- Tridoshaghna.

Specific Parts-

  • Root, Seed, leaf.

Doshaghnata-

  • Kapha, pitta.

Sholka’s-

अपराजिते कटु मेध्ये शिते कन्ठये सुद्रुष्टिदे ।

काष्ठमूत्रत्रिदोषामशोथव्रणविषापहे ।।

सिन्दुक:स्मृतिदस्तिक्त: कषाय: कटुको लघु: ।

कृमीकुष्ठाचीश्र्लेष्मज्वरात्रिलापितद्विधा ।।

Benefits-

  • Medhya– Improves intelligence.Aparajita powder with honey helps in improvement of intellect.
  • Kanthya– Improves voice, good for throat.Decoction of aparajita with yastinmadhu is effective in voice enhancement.
  • Sudrushtida– Improves vision, good for eyes.
  • kushta– Useful in skin diseases.Aparajita swaras with khadir churna gives good results in kushtha.
  • Mutra– Cleanses bladder.
  • Tridosha– Balances Tridosha.
  • Ama– relieves indigestion, malabsorption.Powder of trivrutta ,aparajita and haritaki ultered the diagestive passage.
  • Shothavrana– Acts as natural anti inflammatory herb.
  • Vishaapaha -Detoxfying, effective in cases of poisoning.
    Smruti-buddhida -Improves memory and concentration.

Formulations(Kalpa):

  Name                     Indications

a) Aparajita Curna                    –      Unmada, apasmara.

b) Somaraji taila                      –      Kusta, Krimi.

c) Laksadi vati                         –      Bhujanga visa, Luta visa.

d) Siddharthaka Agada             –      Unmada, Apasmara.

DOSAGE-

  • Root Powder– 1 to 3 gm.
  • Roasted seed powder– 1 to 3 gm.
  • Chemical Composition– The seed contains a slightly bitter. Smoke coloured and sour resin.

Home Remedies-

  • Galganda (Goitre)- Paste prepared from Aparajita mula (Root to Clitorea treatea ) should administer in early morning. The patient should be on ghee diet in case of Galaganda (Goitre).
  • Sotha (Oedema)- Paste prepared from root of Girikarnika (Clitorea ternatea) to be administered in case of sotha (Oedema).

Research Corner-

A study was conducted to evaluate and elucidate the possible mechanism underlying the antinociceptive action of methanolic extracts of clitorea ternatea leaf and root. Both root and leaf extracts of Clitorea ternatea markedly demonstrated antinoiciceptive action  in experimental animals. Results of formalin test showed that the antinociceptive activity of the extracts may be mediated at both central and peripheral level. Kamilla L, Ramanathan S, sasidharanas, Mansor SM. Evluation of antinociceptive effect of   Methanolic leaf and root extracts of Clitoria ternatea Linn. In rats.

 

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