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APAMARG-plant

APAMARG PLANT

अपामार्ग: सरस्तीच्क्ष्णो दीपनस्तीक्तक: कटू:।

पाचनो रोचनश्चर्दीकफमेदोनिलापह: ।

निहन्ति ह्रद्रुजाष्मार्श:कन्डूशुलोदरापची । भा.प्र

Botnical Name : Achyranthes aspera Linn.

APAMARG

  • Classification :
    • According To Modern,
      1. Kingdom – Angiospermas
      2. Order – Cayrophyllales
      3. Family – Amaranthaceae
  • According To Ayurveda,

Charak-

  • Shirovirechan,Krumighana,Vamanopag

Sushrut-

  • Arkadi

·       Other Name Of Apamarg

  1. Family Name :
    • AMARANTHACEAE
  1. Marathi Name :
    • Aghada,
    • Pandhara-aghada
  1. Sanskrit Name :  
    • Markati,
    • Markat
    • Kapi
    • pippali,
    • Parak pushpin,
    • Pratyaka shreni,
    • Mayuraka,
    • Kinihi,
    • Shikhari,
    • Adhah Shalya,
    • Khara manjari,
    • kubja,
    • vasheera,
    • Durabhi graha,
    • Duragraha
  1. Hindi :
    • Chirchita,
    • Chirchira,
    • Latjira,
    • Chingchingi,
    • Onga
  1. English :
    • Prickly Chaff flower
  1. And Other State :
    • Kannada name – Uttrani, Uttarani
    • Telugu Name- Antisha, Apamargamu, Uttaraene
    • Malayalam Name- Katalati, Kadaladi
    • Bengali Name- Apang
    • Punjabi Name- Puthakanda, Kutri
    • Malagasy Name – Mahabaka
    • Tamil Name – Shiru kadaladi, Nayuruvi
    • Sinhala – Karal heba

·       General Information :

Apamarg is the Sanskrit name of Achyrathes Aspera. It belongs to Amaranthacea family. Apamarg is best used in making of special threads (kasharasutra). These threads are used in the treatment of fistula and abscess.

·       Types of Plant’s

  1. White apamarg (shweta) – Achyranthes apera
  2. Red apamarg (rakta) – Puppalia lappaceae

·       Properties (Gunadharma)

·         Rasa – Katu, Tikta,

·         Vipak – Katu,

·         Virya – Ushna,

·         Mu. Gun-Laghu,Ruksha,Tikshna,

·       Specific Parts-

§  Leaves(Patra), panchang, tandul, Root(Mula)

·       Doshaghnata

§  Kaphaghna

§  Vataghna

§  Pittakar

·        अपामार्गस्तु शिखरी ह्रध:शल्यो मयुरक:।

मर्कटी दुर्ग्रहा चापि किणीही खरमत्र्जरी ।। २१९ ।।

अपामार्ग: सरस्तीच्क्ष्णो दीपनस्तीक्तक: कटू:।

पाचनो रोचनश्चर्दीकफमेदोनिलापह: ।

निहन्ति ह्रद्रुजाष्मार्श:कन्डूशुलोदरापची ।।२२०।।

·        अपामार्ग: सरस्तीच्क्ष्णो दीपनस्तीक्तक: कटू:।

पाचनो रोचनश्चर्दीकफमेदोनिलापह: ।

निहन्ति ह्रद्रुजाष्मार्श:कन्डूशुलोदरापची । भा.प्र

·       Benefits

Here are few remedies that can be done at home using Apamarg (Achyranthes aspera) to cure various ailments.

·         Ear pain, Infection in ear

Take fresh leaves of Apamarg and wash to remove dirt. Grind and extract its juice. Put few drops in ear to cure infection of ear.

·         Paralysis

Prepare root powder of herb. Take this with glass of milk.

·         Mouth ulcer

Chew few clean, fresh leaves of Apamarg.

·         Migraine

Grind ripe seed of Apamarga to make powder. Smell this powder while suffering from migraine.

·         Back ache

Take leaves of Apamarga and rub on affected areas on back.

·         Eye problem, redness in eye

Take fresh root of Apamarg and clean it carefully to remove dirt and soil. Grind it with rose water and apply in eyes to cure eye infection.

·         Boils, wounds, eczema

Extract Apamarga juice and rub on affected areas.

·         Insect bites

Apply fresh leaves juices at affected areas.

·         Kidney problem, pneumonia

Take apamarga panchang (5 gm) in water (200 ml) till volume reduces to 50 ml, filter and drink.

·         Enlargement of spleen

Prepare powder of whole plant. Take this powder (2 tbsp) with butter milk twice a day.

·         Bleeding piles

Take fresh leaves of Apamarg and wash to remove dirt. Grind with water and make paste. Mix til oil in this paste and apply this on affected areas.

·         Cold and cough

Boil leaves of Apamarga in water and cook for 15 minutes. Strain and drink lukewarm.

·         Fever

Take apamarga leaves juice (1 tbsp) with gur.

·         Dropsy

Take Apamarga panchang (4 tbsp) and boil in water (200 ml). Cook for twenty minutes. Strain and drink.

·         Cholera

Take root powder of Apamargah (1 tbsp). Add in glass of water and drink.

·         Abdominal pain

Extract leaves juice and take (2 tbsp) with glass of water.

·         Diarrhoea, dysentery

Dry Apamarga leaves in shade and grind to make powder. Take this powder with honey or misri twice a day.  Or take fresh leaves juices (5-10 ml) every three hours to cure diarrhoea.

·         Wound

Extract leaves juice and use this to wash wounds to heal quickly.

·       Formulations  (Kalpa)

§  Apamarga Kshar Tail

·        DOSAGE

§  Fresh juice – 5 – 10ml per day.

§  Kshara – 0.5 to 2 g in divided doses per day.

§  Apamarg kashra oil – 1-3 drops

·       Chemical Composition

Plant yields achyranthine. Seeds are rich in proteins and potash chyranthes aspera contains triterpenoid saponins which possess oleanolic acid as the aglyconeEcdysterone, an insect moulting hormone, and long chain alcohols are also found in Achyranthes aspera.[

Other chemical constituents such as achyranthinebetainepentatriaontane6-pentatriacontanonehexatriacontane, and tritriacontane are also present.

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