ANKOLA

ANKOLA

अण्डकोटो स्निग्धती क्ष्णोष्ण: कटुको वातना शन: ।

कुक्कूराखुविषं हन्ति ग्रहजन्तविषापहः ।।

भुतह्रद विषह्रच्चैव कन्ठाप सुतस्य शोधन: ।(घ.नि.गुडूच्यादी वर्ग-२५१-२५२)

BotnicalName :       AlangiumLamarkith W.

ANKOLA

·

                                               Alangiumsalvifolium

  • Classification :
    • According To Modern,
  1. Kingdom:            Plantae
  2. Unranked: Angiosperms
  3. Unranked: Eudicots
  4. Unranked: Asterids
  5. Order: Cornales
  6. Family:             Cornaceae (Alangiaceae)
  7. Genus: Alangium
  8. Species: salvifolium
  9. Class: Dicotyledons

 

 

  • According To Ayurveda,
    1. Charak –
  1. Not Mentioned in Varga
    1. Susruta –
  2. Not Mentioned in Gana

·         Other Name OfANKOL

  • Family Name :
    • Cornaceae (Alangiaceae)
  • Marathi Name :
  • Sanskrit Name :  
    • Ankot,
    • Deerghakeela,
    • Ankola,
    • Nikochaka,
    • Peetasara,
    • Tamraphala,
    • Hundika,
    • Rudamallika,
    • Kotara,
    • Gudhapatra,
    • Madana,
    • Rechi,
    • Gandhapushpa,
    • Bhusita,
    • Irikilla,
    • Guptasneha etc.

 

 

  • Hindi :
    • Dhera,
    • Ankol,
    • Kala ankola,

 

  • English :
    • Sage leaved Alangium.
  • And Other State :
  • Gujarati name – Ankol.
  • Tamil name – Elangi, Alandi,Azhinjil,
  • Kannada Name – Ankola,Ankolima, Arinjil
  • Bengali name – Aankod, BadhAankod.
  • Malayalam – Azhinni
  • Oriya – Ankula
  • Andhra Pradesh – Udugachettu

 

 

·         General Information :

Ankol Plant is commonly seen through of india.

A small tree with more or less pinescent branches, Light coloured , variable in size, 7 to 12 cm long and 2 to 5 cm wide, narrowly oblong or ovate- lanceolate, acuminatetip , entire margin, glabrous above, reticulately veined, Petiole is upto 1 cm long.

Flower- flowers are few in axillary fascicles, densely pubescent . fruit- Globular, 1 to 2 cm in diameter, crowned by the persistent calyx-limb, purplish red in colour with hard seed.

·         Types of Plant’s

Root, bark, seed, seed oil, fruit

·         Properties (Gunadharma)

                            MulaTwak (Root Bark)                                     Phala (Fruit)

1.      Rasa         :     Tikta, Katu, Kashaya                  Madhura

2.      Guna        :     Laghu, Snigdha, Tiksna, Sara     Guru, Snigdha

3.      Vipaka     :     KatuMadhura

4.      Virya        :     UsnaSita

5.      Prabhava:      Visaghna

·         Specific Parts-

  • Root Tvak

·         Doshaghnata

  • Kaphasamaka, vatasamaka,

 

·         Sholka’s

अण्डकोटो दिर्घकिल: स्यादअण्डकोल निकोचकः  ।

                       (भा.प्र.गुदुच्यादी वर्ग–१३९)

———-

अण्डकोटोकटूस्तीक्ष्ण: स्निग्धोष्णस्तुवरो ।।

रेचन: कृमीशुलामाशोफग्रहविषापह:।

विसर्पकाफपित्तास्त्रमुषकाहिविषापह: ।।

तत्फलं शीतलं स्वादु श्लेष्मघनं ब्रुहमं गुरु  ।

बल्यं विरेचनं वातपित्तदाक्षयास्त्र्जित ।।

(भा.प्र.गुडूच्यादी वर्ग-१३९-१४१)

———-

अण्डकोटो स्निग्धती क्ष्णोष्ण: कटुको वातना शन: ।

कुक्कूराखुविषं हन्ति ग्रहजन्तविषापहः ।।

भुतह्रद विषह्रच्चैव कन्ठाप सुतस्य शोधन: ।

(घ.नि.गुडूच्यादी वर्ग-२५१-२५२)

________

अन्डोलस्तिक्त्तक: स्निग्ध: तिक्ष्नोष्णस्तुवर कटुः ।

वामनो रोचनो हन्ति सुलशोफग्रहकृमित ।।

विसर्पकफपित्तास्त्रकुक्कुराखुविषं  विषम।

(कै.नि.ओषधी वर्ग-९२७-९२८)

__________

अन्डोक: कटुक: स्निग्धो विषलूदिदोषनुत।

कफानिलहर: सतु–शुद्धीकृत रेचनियक: ।।

अन्डोट : कटुकस्तिक्त्तस्तिक्ष्नोष्नो रेचनस्तथा ।

हन्ति शूलं विषं विसर्प कृमिजालमक ।।

(प्री.नि.हरीतक्योदी वर्ग-२१८)

·         Benefits

Fever –

 Ankolroot powder 3tsf with of lukewarm water daily is effective in fever.It causes sweating and reduces fever.

Snake bite –

 Root bark powder of ankol with milk is effective in snackbite. It works as an antidote within the body to cure Snake Bite.

Bodyache-

 Root bark powder with Honey (Shehad)  reduce the aching of the body.

Rabies –

Decoction of Ankol helps in removing toxins of Dog Bite.

Influenza

Ankol root bark reduces influenza symptoms.  It is effective in fever with running nose,bodyache.

 

Urticaria (Chronic Hives)

Ankol oil is used for local application in urticaria and chronic hives.Ankol root powder with haridra khand is very effective for chronic hives. Ankol root powder has antipruritic, anti-inflammatory and soothing properties.

·         Formulations (Kalpa)-

§  Ankolmulakalka (atisara, Grahani)

§  Ankoltaila (Sirasula, kustha)

·         DOSAGE

§  Curna (Powder) – 1.2 gm,

§  Kwatha (Decoction) – 50 to 100 ml,

·         Chemical Composition

Bark contains Alangine while four alkaloids have been isolated from branches, which are venoterpine, ankorine, cephaeline and psychotrine.

The essential oil extracted from the roots of Ankolcontains about 90 compounds.

·         Ayurvedic Remedies

1.      Akhu visa (Rat poision)

§  Paste of root bark of Ankol (Alangiumlamarki) is prepared with goat’s urine, them used internally and applied externally will relieve all kinds of Akhuvisa (Rat Poison).

2.  Atisara (Diarrhoea)

§  5 gm of powder of Ankolamula (Alangiumlamarcki) taken with rice water will cure all kinds of Atisara(Diarrhoea).

·         Research Corner

Akabguimsalvifolium root was screened for phytochemical and anti-inflammatory properties. The percentage inhibition of carrageenan induced paw oedema was studied in rats. The Alangiumsalvifolium gave positive results for the presence of phytosterols, triterpenes, flavonoids, carbohydrates and alkaloids. The root of Alangiumsalvifolium gave significant percent inhibition of the maximal paw oedema and very highly significant inhibition of total paw oedema during 6 hours.

 

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