Ajmoda

 अजमोदा कटुस्तिक्ष्ना दीपनी काफवातनुत ।

उष्णा विदाहिनी ह्रद्या वृश्या बलकारी लघुः ।

नेत्रामयकफच्छर्दी हिक्काबस्तीरुजो हरेत ।।

Botanical Name Of Ajamoda :  Carum roxburghianum Benth Apium Graveolens Linn.      

Classification Of Ajamoda :

According To Modern Of Ajamoda

Kingdom – Plantae

Order – Umbellales

Family     – Apiaceae

According To Ayurveda Of Ajamoda

Charak- Dipaniya varga, Sulaprasamana varga

Sushruta- Pippalyadi gana

Bhavprakash- Haritakyadi varga

Vagabhata-Pippalyadi varga

Other Names Of Ajamoda :

Ayurvedic Of Ajamoda: Ajamoda, Ajamoda ,Ayamoda, Ajmoja, Dipyaka

Unani Of Ajamoda: Karafs-e-Hindi

Siddha Of Ajamoda: Ashamtagam

Assamese Of Ajamoda: Bonjamani, Bonajain, Yamani, Ajowan

Bengali Of Ajamoda: Randhuni, Banyamani

Gujrati Of Ajamoda: Bodi Ajamo, Ajamo

Hindi Of Ajamoda: Ajmuda, Ajmod

Kannada Of Ajamoda: Oma, Ajavana, Omakki

Kashmiri Of Ajamoda: Fakhazur, Banjuan

Malayalam Of Ajamoda: Ayamodakum, Omam

Marathi Of Ajamoda: Ajmoda, Oova

Oriya Of Ajamoda: Banajuani

Punjabi Of Ajamoda: Valjawain, Ajmod

Tamil Of Ajamoda: Omam

Telugu Of Ajamoda: Naranji vamu

Urdu Of Ajamoda: Ajmod

Sanskrit Names-

Bastamoda,Ajamoda-smell resembles goat

Kharashva,Lochakarkata,Kharahva,Vallimoda,Hastimayurika,Mayoora,Deepakya

 

General Information Of Ajamoda :

Habit- an annual herb. Grows upto 1 mtr in height, Leaves – Lower leaves are broad, where as upper leaves are linear-lanceolate. Inflorescence – Umbel inflorescence. Flowers- white or greenish white and very small. Fruit- very small, Cremocarp, 2 mm long.

Properties (Gunadharma) Of Ajamoda

Rasa- Katu

Vipak- katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna- Laghu, Teekshna, snigdha

Specific Parts Of Ajamoda :

Fruit

Doshaghnata Of Ajamoda :

Kaphaghna, Vataghna

Shloka’s Of Ajamoda:

अजमोदा कटुस्तिक्ष्ना दीपनी काफवातनुत ।

उष्णा विदाहिनी ह्रद्या वृश्या बलकारी लघुः ।

नेत्रामयकफच्छर्दी हिक्काबस्तीरुजो हरेत ।।भा प्र

खराह्वा वातघ्नी बस्तीरोगरुजापाहा l चा स सु २७ /२७१

अजमोदा तु शुलघ्नी तीक्तोष्णा कफवातजित् l

हिक्काध्मान अरुचीर्हन्ती कृमीजित् वह्नीदीपनी l l ध नि

Benefits Of Ajamoda :

It acts as  deepana and pachana dravya  by to its katu- tikta rasa and is kaphaghna ,But it is vidahi due to its teekshna guna.  vatanulmana action caused by its ushana and snighdha; it is krimighna being katutika, ushana and teekshana . it is also useful in agnimandya, adhamana, udarashoola, krimi and kaphaja chhardi.

External Use-

Poultice prepared by using ajamoda seeds in warm water is externally applied over the joints for getting relief from joint pain.

It is also used in gouty arthrits,rheumatoid arthritis,osteoarthritis and non specific arthritis.

Sasula Atisara (Diarrhoea with pain)

In sasula Atisara (Diarrhoea with pain ) ajmoda powder,katvanga and madhuka mixed with milk, ghee, honey and sugar .Dose-2tsf twice a day

Vataja vikara (Disorders of vata) and swarabheda (Hoarseness of Voice)

Ajmoda powder with Combination of Devadaru (Cedrus deodara), Agnika (Carum roxburghianum) and honey is very useful in vata vyadhi (Disorders of vata) and Swarabheda (Hoarseness of voice).

It removes nervous constriction.

It gives relief in menstrual cramps.

It promotes downward flow of air (anulomana).

It stimulates digestive process.

Colic, indigestion, bloating, gas

Intestinal antiseptic

It dilates lung pathway by preventing the spasm.It shows beneficial effects on asthma,cough,cold,congestion and bronchitis.

Ajamoda seed powder in a dose of 1-3grams  twice or thrice a day is given in rhematic arthritis

In childrens dose-125-500mg

ajamoda seed powder is also used to treat indigestion,bloating,and colic pain

 

Formulation (Kalp) Of Ajamoda :

Chaturbeeja choorna, Agnitundi, Krimikuthara, Ajamodadi choorna,

Chitrakadi choorna, Narayana choorna , Hingvashtaka choorna

Kalyanak vati,Mahayogaraj guggul

Dosage Of Ajamoda :

Choorna – 1 to 2 gm

Chemical Composition Of Ajamoda :

Its fruits contain an essential oil and a crystalline alkaloid called keton. It contains cumarine, anjelisine, soralin etc.

Research Corner Of Ajamoda:

Study done to evaluate the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Trachyspermum roxburghianum. Study shown presence of thymol, r-terpinene and o-cymene were the major components of trachyspermum roxburghianum.

 

Side effects-

It is not indicated in pregnancy in large dose as it may cause uterus contractions.

It should be taken causiously in high pitta,hyperacidity as it increases pitta

It is drying in nature

The diureticaction of ajamoda works by irritating the kidneys and therfore should be used with causion in cases of renal disoders.

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