अपामार्गस्तु शिखरी ह्रध:शल्यो मयुरक:।

मर्कटी दुर्ग्रहा चापि किणीही खरमत्र्जरी ।। २१९ ।।

अपामार्ग: सरस्तीच्क्ष्णो दीपनस्तीक्तक: कटू:।

पाचनो रोचनश्चर्दीकफमेदोनिलापाह: ।

निहन्ति ह्रद्रुजाष्मार्श:कन्डूशुलोदरापची ।।२२०।।

Botnical Name :Sesbania grandiflora (L) poiret.


  • Classification :
    • According To Modern,
      1. Kingdom – Plantae
      2. Order – Fabales
      3. Family – Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae
      4. Class – Dicotyledons
      5. Sub Class- Polypetalae
      6. Genus – Sesbania


  • According To Ayurveda,
  • Shushruta-Mentioned in vishishta drava dravya vignanam
  • Bhavaprakash-Shaka varga,Pushpa varga
  • Kaiyydeva Nighantu-Oshadhi varga
  • Raja Nighantu-Karaveeradi varga,Prabhadradi varga
  • Ashtanga Hruday-Mentioned in Naktandhya chikitsaa
  • Sodhala Nighantu-Aushadha varga
  • Nighantu Adarsha-Poorvardha-palashaadhi varga
  • Vaidya Manorama-Majjavahasroto vikar
  • Madhava dravyagunadarsha-vanaushadha varga
  • Bhavaprakasha-Pushpa varga
  • Bhruhatnighantu ratnakar-Pushpa varga
  • Dhanvantari Nighantu-Aushadha varga


·       Other Name Of Agastya

  1. Family Name :
    • Fabaceae


  1. Sanskrit Name :  
    • Vangasena,-fouind n Bengal region
    • Agasti,-flowers losson in Agastya star day of sharad utu
    • Agastya,munipushpa,munidruma
    • Kumbhayoni,Kopachera,Sheeghrapushpa
    • Madhushigruka,Madhuryati


  1. Hindi :
    • Aghastya,
    • Agast,
    • Hathya,
    • Basna,
    • Bakpushpa,
    • Vakrapushpa,
    • Agasi,
    • Chogachi


  1. English :
    • Agathi,
    • West Indian Tree,
    • Vegetable Humming bird,
    • Flamingo Bill,
    • White Dragon tree,
    • Swamp pea,
    • Sesban,
    • Tree bean,
    • Large flowered Agato,
    • Brede
  2. And Other State :
    • Kannada name – Uttrani, Uttarani
    • Telugu Name- Antisha, Apamargamu, Uttaraene
    • Malayalam Name- Katalati, Kadaladi
    • Bengali Name- Apang
    • Punjabi Name- Puthakanda, Kutri
    • Malagasy Name – Mahabaka
    • Tamil Name – Shiru kadaladi, Nayuruvi
    • Sinhala – Karal heba


  1. And Other Language’s Name :
    • Indonesia :
      • Jarong


  • French name :
    • Herbe à Bengalis,
    • Herbe sergen,
    • Queue de rat.


  • Spanish name
    • Cadillo chichoborugo,
    • cadillo de mazorca,
  • African name
    • grootklits,


·       General Information :

            Agastya is fast growing and soft wooded tree grows up to 3-8mt in height. Leaves are regular, deciduous, and abruptly pinnate and rounded about 15-30cm long and has 10-20 leaflets. According to different species this plant bears red and white flowers. Flowers are long, has 2-4 flower racemes, shallowly 2 lipped and are boat shaped. Plant bears flowers in month of September and October. Fruit pods re slender, falcate about 30cm long contains 15-30 seeds inside.

Agastya plant is also known as “Agathi” plant in Hindi. All parts of this plant serve some medicinal purpose for us. Like the leaves, pods and flowers are used in cooking for making delicious recipes. The wood of Agastya plant is used for domestic purpose. Its consistency matches that of Bamboo because which it is commonly used as its replacement in furniture making.

The plant is named “Agastya” because its flowers bloom in the Agastya star day of Sharad Ritu (autumn) as per Ayurveda. According to another belief, it was named after “Agathi” a famous seer who practised Ayurvedic Rasayana procedures in the beautiful abode of Himalayas. It is said that this plant was very dear to him and has since been named after him.

Beautiful flowers of this plant are also used as an offering to Lord Shiva. All in all it has a very soothing effect on the body and is helpful in managing stress and anxiety under control. The juice of this plant can help in purifying Diamond within three days.


·       Types of Plant’s

  1. White apamarg (shweta) – Achyranthes apera
  2. Red apamarg (rakta) – Puppalia lappaceae

·       Properties (Gunadharma)

·         Rasa – Katu, Tikta,

·         Vipak – Katu,

·         Virya – Ushna,

·         Mu. Gun-Laghu,Ruksha,Tikshna,

       Specific Parts-

§  Fruit(Phal)

 ·       Doshaghnata

§  Vatpittgha.

·       Sholka’

अपामार्गस्तु शिखरी ह्रध:शल्यो मयुरक:।

मर्कटी दुर्ग्रहा चापि किणीही खरमत्र्जरी ।। २१९ ।।

अपामार्ग: सरस्तीच्क्ष्णो दीपनस्तीक्तक: कटू:।

पाचनो रोचनश्चर्दीकफमेदोनिलापाह: ।

निहन्ति ह्रद्रुजाष्मार्श:कन्डूशुलोदरापची ।।२२०।।

·       Benefits

 Agastya flower


Katu Vipaki


It is used in-Chaturthika jwara,Naktandhya(night blindness),Peenasa(rhinitis),Pratishyaya(running nose),Shoola(abdominal pain),pleeha(splenomegaly),Pandu(anemia) and garavisha


Agastya leaves-





Hence it is used in Krimi,Kandu(Itching),Raktapitta


Fruits-are used in-

Shosha, and gulma(abdominal tumour).

It increases pitta dosha.


External Application-

Paste of Agastya root and bark is applied externally to eleive pain and inflammation associated with arthritis ,gout.

Powdered bark is applied in scabies ulceration of tongue and alimentary canal

Nasya of Agastya leaf juice extract is advisiable in case of headache,coryza,fever due to Kapha and remittent fever.
Nasya of Agastya leaf juice extract is also advisiable in the treatment of epilepsy.

The paste f equal quantities of roots of red flowered Agasthi and stomanium is applied to painful sweelings.

Paste of Agasti root is applied to treat rheumatism.

Flowers of Agasti is used to treat night blindness

Agasti fruits are given internally to improve memory and intelligence.

Agasti leaves are used as tonic.

Agasti leaves and flowers are used to improve digestive strength.It is also used to treat intestinal worms.Aasti leaves are laxitive in nature.Leaf paste is chewed to treat oral and throat infections.Bark is useful in treating the diarrhea and IBS.

The bark likelyvery astrigent and given in infusion in first stage of small pox and other eruptive fevers.

Bark as tonic for febrifuge,decoction,taken in small doses in diarrhoea and dysentry in large doses it act as emetics.

Bark of white flower is grinded with water and advised to take this kalka internallya in case of snake bite.

Root Bark of red flowered variety is used to treat vitiated conditions of vata and arthralgia.The paste of root of red variety of agasti with water is applied in rheumatic swellings.

Root juice of Agasya with honey is used as expectorant.

According to siddha system-root,bark,leaf,flowers are used in food poisoning,pittaj vikaras,worm infestation,intermittent fevers,sinusitis,headache,eye diseases,chikenpox and wasting diseases.

According to ayurveda system-the root stem,flowers,fruits,leaves used in bodyache,boils,coryza,epilepsy,emanciation,fever,worm infection,haemorrhage,nightblindness,promoting memory.

Bark infusion of Agasti is sued to treat malaria.

In Java,the bark is used for thrush and infantile disoders of stomach.

Juice of Agasti bark is used in spure.It isv also used to treat gonorrhoea and similar urogenitaldisoders.

Mahish dugdha is curdled with the help of flower powder of Agasti.It is churned to prepare butter.It is used for external application to trate cracked foot,roughness and dryness of skin(Bhavprakash)

Antibiotic,anthelmintic,anti tumor and contracepative-

A tea prepared from agasti leaves is used.


Agasti root juice with honey is used.Dose-12-24ml

Chicken pox-

A bark decoction with sugar is advisiable

Eye diseases,night blindness,vision problems-

cooked leaves are taken to get cooling effect to infected eyes.Leaves are cooked in ghee and eaten at morning and in afternoon .

Juice of agasti flower is used as eye drops.

Vishamjwar,food poisoning-

Decoction is prepared with Agasti leaves ,tulsi leaves and black pepper in 400ml of water .Boil it till 1/4th.Take this solution twice a day

Indigestion,Stomach disoders in new born and childrens-

Extract of Agastya juice or flowers is adviusiable  in a dose of 1-2tsf to baby.

Infection in uterus,itching and burning sensation in vagina-

soak the cotton in agastya leaves juice and put this cotton inside vagina.

Washing of vagina with decoction prepared with Agastya leaves,neem leaves and alum is advisiable.

Increasing memory-

Agasti seed powder with honey and ghee is advisiable.


Decoction of Agasti pod is used


Dried flowerpowder of agastya with milk is advisiable.

Duodenal and gastric ulcers-

Agasti leaf juice is used.

Physical weakness,sexual debility-

Gulkand prepared with agasti flowers is used for this purpose.

Poisonous insect bites-

Root paste is applied n affected body part

Sprains and bruises

chrushed leaves are applied


 Formulations  (Kalpa)

Ratnagiri Rasa


·        DOSAGE

§  Fresh juice – 5 – 10ml per day.

§  Kshara – 0.5 to 2 g in divided doses per day.

§  Apamarg kashra oil – 1-3 drops

·       Chemical Composition

Plant yields achyranthine. Seeds are rich in proteins and potash


Research corner

Study done to evaluate the neuroprotective role of Sesbania grandiflora against chronic cigarette smoking induced toxicity. The results of the study indicates that chronic cigarette smoke exposure accelerates oxidative stress, there by disquieting the brain defensive mechanism and Sesbania grandiflora protects the brain from the oxidative damage through its biopotency.

 Side Effects-

Agasti flowers are contraindicated in Vata imbalance disoders ssuch as neuropathy,bloating etc.

overdose can cause diarrhea

The leaves of tree are considered cfontracepative




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