According to Ayurveda our body is made with three basic componants,i.e Vata,Pitta and Kapha dosha.Good health f person is depend upon the equilibrium of these three dosha.Out of three only vata dosha have moving quality. Vata dosha is similar like air or wind.As wind is responsible for transformation,growth,respiration,movements,developments in natures same as Vata dosha plays this functions in our body.

Qualities of Vata Dosha-

तत्र रुक्ष ,लघु ,शीत ,खर सूक्ष्माचलो अनिलः //
Dry, light, cold, rough, minute and movementful.

Functions of Vata Dosha in the body:

Vata Dosha, is responsible for the functioning of all the organs of the body. It stimulates the organs and causes the smooth functioning of organs.

Movement:
Movements of body is initiated by only and only vata dosha– like movement of hands, legs, eyes, tongue, breathing,respiration. movement of fluids, flatus etc all are govern by vata dosha.

Functions of Vata Dosha-

Vayuhu Tantra Yantra Dharaha…..
Vata is main player of life’s game.For initiation,stimulation and motivation of any activities Vata is necessary.Without vata none can happened. Vata dosha carried out all the movement in body, like circulation, digestion, excretion,sensory and motor functions etc . Vata also controls Pitta, Kapha and their activities.

Pitta, Kapha, the dhatus or tissues of the body and the malas or waste materials of the body could not move itself.So for their movement and activities Vata dosha is required.

Vata is responsible for speech. Movement of air in and out of the voice box is essential for speaking and this is done by Vata dosha. Vatapradhan person speaks more.

The process of gaining knowledge through sense organ and mind is under the influence of vata dosha. Mind moves to and fro between the five sense organs and conveys it to intellect by control of vata dosha Vata Dosha inspires and controls all sense organs – Ears, eyes, nose, skin and tongue. Vata Dosha maintains the compactness and harmony of the body organs.

Vata Dosh is the root cause for happiness and enthusiasm
For the fire burn,wind is required. Same as for stimulation of digestive power vata dosha is required. Vata dosha helps digestion power.

Vata dosha controls the peristalsis movement of the esophagus, stomach and intestines.Food particles are disintegrated in to small particles by the vata dosha.Vata dosha also responssible for supply of nutrient to the body parts through the blood circulation.

Vata dosha is also responsible for the fetus growth.Cell division is one of the function of vata dosha. Even the child birth process is a Vata Dosha function. Vata moulds and shapes embryo.

Types of Vata Dosha –

Depending upon the site and function vata dosha is of 5 types.

Prana Vata – Pranavayu is present in head and moves in the chest, throat. It regulates will power, heart, sense organs, intellect and vision. Expectoration, sneezing, belching, inspiration and swallowing of food etc functions are performed by the pranavayu.
Prana vayu is responsible for functioning of heart,lungs and throat.

Udana Vata – Udan vayu is present in chest region and moves in the nose, umbilicus and throat.

The funtions performed by udan vayu is- initiation of speech
Provide effort, enthusiasm and strength,  To maintain color and complexion
Responssible for memory. Udana Vata is correlated with breath and process of respiration.

Vyana Vata – It is located n heart and moves all over the body.Flexion,extension,opening and closing of eye lids,blood circulation is carried out by vyana vayu.

Vyana is related to extension and flexion of muscles and blood circulation.
Samana Vata is present in small intestine i.e near the digestive fire and moves in the gatro intestinal tract. Samana vayu carries the food into stomach, promotes the digestion, helps in separation of useful part and waste part from digestive juice and moves these parts in their normal paths. Samana Vata is responsible for peristalsis movement in GI tract.

Apana Vata-
Apana Vata is present in large intestine, and moves in the waist, bladder, genitals. Sperm ejaculation, menstruation, defecation, urination and child birth these all performed by apana vayu.

Apana maintains all excretion process related with lower half of trunk.
By this we all get the detail knowledge of Vata dosha and it’s importance in life maintainance.