Botanical Name:Ficusglomerata, Roxb
According To Modern
Family – Moraceae
According To Ayurveda
Other Names :
Krmiphalah,Jantuphala,Jantumati-as the fruits are infested with worms.
Yajnayoga,yajniya,yajnadumbara,Yajnanga-woods are used in Yajnya.
Shitavalkah- bark act as coolent
Sheetaphala-fruit is coolent
Sutah,Dharma patra,Pani bhuja,Pushpaheena,Umari,Bhrahmavruksha,Mashakin,vasudrumah,Hareetaksha,Supratishta,Kalaskandh
General Information :
Habit- Moderate to large sized deciduous tree, grows upto 40 ft.in height. Young shoots- Glabrous and pubescent. Stem- Often grows straight. Bark- Smooth, reddish grey, 6 coloured outer surface. Leaves- Dark green, 7.5 to 15 cm long, 3 to 6 cm wide, ovate shaped, entire margin. Fruits- Borne in large clusters on leafless branches derived from the trunk and main branches, Globose or subglobose or pyriform shaped, 2.5 to 5 cm in diameter, red when ripe, but unfit for eating being infested with maggots.
According to Dalhana-
there are two varieties of Udumbara-
According to Raja nighantu- 3 varieties are there.
Bark, Fruit, Milk, Watery Juice.
Kaphaghna, Pittaghna, Kaphaghna
उदुम्बारो हिमो रुक्ष :कषायो मधुरो गुरु : l
भग्न संधानकृद् वर्ण्यो व्रण शोधन रोपण :l
स्तम्भनानि कषायानि श्लेष्मघ्नानी हितंनि च l l कै नि
उदुम्बारो हिमो रुक्षो गुरु : पित्तकाफास्त्रजीत् l
मधुर स्तुवरो वर्ण्यो व्रण शोधन रोपण :l l भा प्र
Its bark decoction and cooked vegetable of raw fruits should be given in niramaatisara, raktatisara, Pittatisara, raktapravahika and grahani as it acts as pureeshastambhana due to Kashaya rasa. Being guru, it should not be used in samavastha.
· Mouth ulcers and other oral infections
Take bark (10 gm) of gular tree and cook in water (400 ml) for few minutes. Add alum (pinch) and filter. Use this water to rinse mouth frequently.
Menorrhagia is Profuse, excessive bleeding during menses. It can be due to hormonal imbalance or in cases of cysts in the ovaries or fibroids in the uterus.
Dried figs of Cluster fig tree should be taken with sugar and honey.
Take bark of gular tree, grind on stone with water to make paste. Apply at affected area.
· Rakta Pitta or bleeding disorder, Nose Bleeding
Take tender leaves (10-15), grind to extract juice and add misri to this juice. Take regularly.
· Urticaria (Hives) or sheet-pitta
Take tender leaves and extract juice. Drink 15 ml juice for few days.
Dry gular fruits and make powder. Take this powder (1 tbsp) three times a day for few days.
Drink 10- 15 ml juice of gular tender leaves.
· Stomach ache
Take dry fruits of gular, ajwain and sendhanamak. Make powder and take two times a day with water.
Drinking 7-14 ml fresh juice of leaves twice daily is useful.
· Cuts, muscle pain
Traditionally the latex of roots is applied topically.
· Cracked heels
- Extract the stem latex and apply externally on cracked heels.
- Paste of Udumbara soaked seeds is applied over the area of ulcers.
Piles and Fistula-
Dried leaves powder of Udumbara in a dose of 15gm is taken with 250gm of curd and Kala namak for two times a day.It gives best results in piles.
The milk secreation of Udumbara plant 15-20 drops in water helps in bleeding piles.
Local application of cotton dip in to milk secreation of Udumbara plant over the fistula every day helps to cure the fistula.
Place 10-12drops of Udumbara milk over the Batashas.This will take daily to treat urinary disoders.
To cure internal wound in urinary organs,take udumbarapalnt up to 50gms and 1-2gms camphor.Decoction is prepared with this and used this decoction for washing the organs.
To treat polyurea take the unripe fruit in a dose of 10gm with equal amount of sugar with milk.
Fresh juice of Udumbara leaves with sugar ,twice a day help to treat leucorrheoa.
Udumbara fruit powder 6gm with milk and ghee and sugar ,twice a day enhances potency and sexual power in men.
To treat gonorrhoea,unripe fruit powder 6gm with sugar is advisiable.
Choorna – 1 to 3 gm.
Quatha – 30 to 60 ml.
Ksheera – 5 to 20 drops.
Research Corner :
The medicinal properties of plants have been investigated and explored for their potent antioxidant activities to counteract metabolic disorders. This research highlights the chemical composition and antioxidant potential of leaf gall extracts (Aqueous and methanol) of ficusglomerata (F. glomerata), which is extensively used in the preparation of traditional medications to treat various metabolic diseases. The presence of phenolics, flavonoids, hytosterols, terpenoids and reducing sugars were identified in both extracts. In comparison to the aqueous extract, the methanol extract had the highest total phenolic and flavonoid content at 370+3.2 mg of gallic acid equivalent per gram of dry weight (mg GAE/g dw).
it is coolent in nature and agrrevates the kapha dosha hence if it is given in Kapha prakrutij person then it cause recurrent allergic rhinitis,cough and cold.