Utpaladi Gana-
This gana includes – Utpala, Raktotpala, Kumuda Saugondhika, Kuvalaya, Pundarika and Madhuka
The medicines in this gana helps in allaying thirst and corrects the deranged Pittam and the vitiated blood. It assuages the burning sensation of the body and proves curative in cases of vomiting, in Hridroga (Angina pectoris) in syncope, in haemoptysis and in cases of poisoning as well.

Mustadi Gana-
This gana contais-Musta, Haridra, Daru-Haridra, Haritaki, Amlaki, Vibhitaka, Kushtha, Haimavati, Vacha, Patha, Katu-rohini, Sharngashta, Ativisha, Dravidi, Bhallataka and Chitraka.

The medicines in this gana destroys the deranged Shleshma, cures uterine and vaginal disorders, purifies the breast milk of a mother, and acts as a good digestant (Pachana).

Triphala Gana-
This gana contains Haritaki, Amlaki and Vibhitaka itself.
The medicines in this gana destroys the action of the deranged Vayu, Kapham and Pittam and proves curative in Meha, and in diseases of the skin (Kushtham). It is a good appetiser, improves the eyesight and proves beneficial in chronic intermittent fever (Vishama-jvara).

Trikatu Gana-
This gana contains Pippali, Maricha and Shringavera itself.
The medicines in this gana destroys fat and Kapham, proves curative in cutaneous affections, leprosy (Kushtha), and morbid discharges from the urethra, and is possessed of the virtue of curing abdominal glands, catarrh, dullness of the appetite and indigestion.

Amlakyadi Gana-
This gana includes- Amlaki, Haritaki, Pippali and Chitraka.
The drugs in this gana acts as Jwarhara and may be used with advantage in fevers of whatsoever type. Moreover, it is an aphrodisiac and acts as a general tonic or restorative and appetiser, destroying the deranged Kapham and improving the eyesight.

Trapvadi Gana
This gana includes Trapu, Sisa, Tamra, Rajata, Krishna-Lauha, Suvarna and Lohamala
The medicines in this group are good vermifuge and possessed of the virtue of neutralising the effects of chemical poison originated through incompatible combinations. Its therapeutic range covers jaundice, chlorosis, Meha (morbid secretions from the urethra), Hridroga (heart disease), thirst and maladies incidental to the effects of poison.

Lakshadi Gana-
This gana includes- Laksha, Arevata, Kutaja, Ashvamara, Katphalam, Haridra, Daru-Haridra, Nimva, Saptachchhada, Malati, and Trayamana form the Lakshadi Gana.

The medicines in this group are astringent, bitter and sweet in nature and acts as a good vermifuge and a purifying (aseptic) agent in cases of bad, malignant or indolent ulcers. Diseases due to the deranged Kapham and Pittam prove amenable to its curative properties, which extend to cases of cutaneous affections (Kushtham) as well. Now we shall describe the five groups of medicinal roots (Mulam), each consisting of similar number of components.

Svalpa Panchamulam Gana
This gana includes the roots of medicinal plants known as the Trikantaka, the two species of Vrihati, Prithakparni, and Vidarigandha.

The medicines in this gana are astringent, bitter and sweet in nature It is a tonic and aphrodisiac, subdues the deranged Vayu and proves soothing to the deranged Pittam.

Mahat Panchamula Gana-
This gana includes five medicinal roots (Mahat-Pancha-Mula) of such trees of Vilva, Agnimantha, Tuntuka, Patala and Kashmari.

The medicine in this gana are bitter in taste and subdues the deranged Kapham and Vatam. It is light (easily digestible) and appetising, and acquires a subsequent sweet taste in its reaction (Anurasa).

The drugs in the Svalpa and the Vrihat Panchamulas are helps in destroying the deranged Vata,

Dashamula Gana-
This gana is combination of two preciding gana whichg is Mahat panchamula and Laghu panchamula.It contains 10 Mulam (the ten roots), which is possessed of the virtue of destroying the deranged Vata, Pittam and Kapham. It proves beneficial in cases of asthma and difficult respiration. It acts as a good digestant in respect of undigested lymph chyle, etc and is used with satisfactory results in all types of fever.

Valli-Panchamulam Gana-
This gana includes of the roots of the five medicinal creepers known as Vidari, Sariva, Rajani, Guduchi and Aja-Shringi,

Pancha-Kantakam Gana-
This gana includes five medicinal (thorny) shrubs known as Karamradda, Trikantaka, Sairiyaka, Shatavari, and Gridhranakhi.

The medicines in this gana helps to cure Haemoptysis and in all the three types of anasarca or oedema (Shopha). Moreover, it has the incontestable virtue of arresting all sorts of urethral discharges and is a potent remedy in all cases of seminal disorders.

. The drugs of the Valli and Kantaka Panchamulas subdue the deranged Kapham.

Pancha-Trina Gana-
This gana includes five medicinal herbs (of the grass species) and known as Kusha, Kasha, Nala, Darbha, Kandekshuka
The medicines in this gana helps to cure Haemoptysis, renal defects or of uninary diseases are found to speedily yield to the curative efficacy of the compound internally administered through the medium of cow’s milk.
The drugs in truna panchamula helps in killing the deranged Pittam