Botanical Name :Amorphophylluscampanulatus. Blume.

 Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Alismatales

Family     – Araceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-     Sakavarga

Sushruta-   SakaVarga

Bhavprakash- Sakavarga

Other Names :

Common name:Elephant Foot Yam

  • Hindi: Oal, Gandira, janglisuran, kanda, madanamasta
  • Kannada: gandira, suvarna-gadde
  • Malayalam: cinapavu, karunakarang, kizhanna
  • Marathi: suran
  • Sanskrit: arsaghna, arshoghna, arsoghna, bahukanda
  • Tamil: anaittantu, boomisallaraikilangu, camattilai
  • Telugu: daradakandagadda, ghemikanda, kanda
  • Urdu: ज़मीनक़न्द zamin-kand

General Information :

Habit – Tuberous Herbs. Tubers – Large, 20 to 25 cm in diameter, globose,depressed, bulbiferous dark brown in colour. Leaves- Large, 30 to 90 cm broad, segments are spreading, simple or forked, petioles are 60 to 90 cm long, stout, dark green with paler blotches. Leaflets are 5 to 12.5 cm long, aboveate or oblong, many veined. Spathe is companulate, 15 to 25 cm broad, greenish-pink in colour externally with pale ocellated blotches, base within purple.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Katu, Kasaya

Vipak- katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna

 

 

Specific Parts :

Rhizome.

Types :

Jungli and Gramya.Gramya is cultivated commercially.

 

Doshaghnata :

Kapha-Vatashamak.

 

Shloka’s :

सुरण: कटुको रुच्यो दीपन: पाचन स्तथा |

कृमीदोषहरोवातशुल्गुल्मार्शसां हित: |

श्वास कांस  च प्लीहानं निवारयती सेवित:

Benefits :

Being  ruchikara, deepana, pachana, yakritottejana, anulomana, shoolaprashamana, arshoghna and krimighna it should be used in aruchi, agnimandya, kaphavatajaarsha and krimis. In kasa- shvasa, being artavajanana. In samanuyadaurbalya being balya and rasayana.

Edible
• Leaves and roots.
• Rhizomes preferably cooked, acrid when raw. May cause perioral burning and itching.
• Petioles of young unexpanded leaves are edible when thoroughly cooked.
• In time of scarcity, corms are sometimes eaten. Corms provides about 1,000 calories per kilo; comparable in food value to kalabasa, superior to singkamas.
• In India, corms used in curries and pickles.
Folkloric
• Poultices of corm are antirheumatic. Also used for hemorrhoids.
• Plants used for cough.
• Roots are used for boils and hemorrhoids.
• Tubers are also used for hemorrhoids.

Formulation (Kalp):

SooranaModak, Kankayanaguti, sooranavatak

Dosage :

Choorna – 1 to 3 gm.

Research Corner :

A study one to investigate the effects of Amorphophalluscampanulatus tuber methanolic extract (ACME) on aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation, colonic cell proliferation, lipid peroxidative damage and the antioxidant status in a long term preclinical model of 1, 2 – dimethylhydrazin (DMH) induced colon carcinogenesis in rats. Male wistar rats were divided into six groups, viz., Group I rats served as controls; group II rats treated as drug controls receiving 250 mg/kg body  weight of ACME orally; group II rats received DMH (20mg/kg body weight) subcutaneously once a  week for the first 15 weeks.

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