Botanical Name :Amorphophylluscampanulatus. Blume.
According To Modern
Family – Araceae
According To Ayurveda
Other Names :
Common name:Elephant Foot Yam
- Hindi: Oal, Gandira, janglisuran, kanda, madanamasta
- Kannada: gandira, suvarna-gadde
- Malayalam: cinapavu, karunakarang, kizhanna
- Marathi: suran
- Sanskrit: arsaghna, arshoghna, arsoghna, bahukanda
- Tamil: anaittantu, boomisallaraikilangu, camattilai
- Telugu: daradakandagadda, ghemikanda, kanda
- Urdu: ज़मीनक़न्द zamin-kand
General Information :
Habit – Tuberous Herbs. Tubers – Large, 20 to 25 cm in diameter, globose,depressed, bulbiferous dark brown in colour. Leaves- Large, 30 to 90 cm broad, segments are spreading, simple or forked, petioles are 60 to 90 cm long, stout, dark green with paler blotches. Leaflets are 5 to 12.5 cm long, aboveate or oblong, many veined. Spathe is companulate, 15 to 25 cm broad, greenish-pink in colour externally with pale ocellated blotches, base within purple.
Rasa- Katu, Kasaya
Guna-Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna
Specific Parts :
Jungli and Gramya.Gramya is cultivated commercially.
सुरण: कटुको रुच्यो दीपन: पाचन स्तथा |
कृमीदोषहरोवातशुल्गुल्मार्शसां हित: |
श्वास कांस च प्लीहानं निवारयती सेवित:
Being ruchikara, deepana, pachana, yakritottejana, anulomana, shoolaprashamana, arshoghna and krimighna it should be used in aruchi, agnimandya, kaphavatajaarsha and krimis. In kasa- shvasa, being artavajanana. In samanuyadaurbalya being balya and rasayana.
• Leaves and roots.
• Rhizomes preferably cooked, acrid when raw. May cause perioral burning and itching.
• Petioles of young unexpanded leaves are edible when thoroughly cooked.
• In time of scarcity, corms are sometimes eaten. Corms provides about 1,000 calories per kilo; comparable in food value to kalabasa, superior to singkamas.
• In India, corms used in curries and pickles.
• Poultices of corm are antirheumatic. Also used for hemorrhoids.
• Plants used for cough.
• Roots are used for boils and hemorrhoids.
• Tubers are also used for hemorrhoids.
SooranaModak, Kankayanaguti, sooranavatak
Choorna – 1 to 3 gm.
Research Corner :
A study one to investigate the effects of Amorphophalluscampanulatus tuber methanolic extract (ACME) on aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation, colonic cell proliferation, lipid peroxidative damage and the antioxidant status in a long term preclinical model of 1, 2 – dimethylhydrazin (DMH) induced colon carcinogenesis in rats. Male wistar rats were divided into six groups, viz., Group I rats served as controls; group II rats treated as drug controls receiving 250 mg/kg body weight of ACME orally; group II rats received DMH (20mg/kg body weight) subcutaneously once a week for the first 15 weeks.