Mere smearing of the medicated oil to a head is known as Shiro lepa. Applying the paste of medicinal plants added with oil is also considered as lepa. After application, the oil is kept in the body for a certain period and then washed off. Here any form of manipulation or massage does not follow the application of oil. For the same reason, this procedure of snehana is said to be less efficacious than abhyanga. But, in some of the disease states like obstinate skin diseases or peripheral vascular disease were performing the massage is impossible for evident reasons, lepa is the best alternative method of bahya snehana.
Kushtha * Skin diseases.
Tvaggata vata * Skin manifestations due to vitiated vata dosha.
Shirogata tvag * Diseases of the scalp.
Keshapatana * Hair fall
Darunaka * Dandruff
Sandhyasthi * Painful condition of the musculoskeletal
Vatarakta * Peripheral vascular disease.
The application of oil is preferred after the bath. If the client is suffering from any skin diseases, the lesion is properly cleaned using decoctions or specified disinfectants. Then the client is made to sit or lie down comfortably.