Botanical Name :FicusLacor. Buch- Ham.


According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Unisexuales

Family     – Moraceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-     MutrasangrahaniyaVarga

Sushruta-   NyagrodhadiGana

Bhavprakash- VatadiVarga

Other Names :

Hindi name-Pakar, Pakadi
English name- Java fig
Gujarathi name- Pepari
Kannada name- Basarimara
Malayalam name- Chela
Marathi name- Basari
Tamil name- Jovvi
Telugu name- Juvvi

General Information :

Habit – A tree grows upto 30 ft. in height. Leaves- 7 to 15 cm long, broadly ovate, cordate, acuminate, entire, smooth, finely reticulately veined. 5 to 7 prominent nerves are seen. Petiole is 5 to 10 cm long. Flowers- Yellow with purple base, 5 to 7.5 cm in diameter and attractive. Fruits – Capsule, globose, 2.5 cm in diameter. Surrounded at the base by the persistent calyx. Seed is 1 cm long,  ovoid, channeled along the back.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- kasaya

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Sheeta

Guna-Guru, Ruksha


Specific Parts :



Doshaghnata :

Kapha – Pitta shamak





Shloka’s :

प्लक्ष: कषाय: शिशिरो व्रणयोनिगदापह:│

दाहपित्तकफास्त्रघनं शोथहा रक्त्तपित्तह्रत││

रक्त्तदोषहरो मुर्च्छाप्रलाभ्रमनाशनन:│

External Application –

External application of Twak churna of Plaksha is advisiable  in Shoth,Visarpa ,Raktastrava and Vrana.

Decoction of Bark of Plaksha is advisible in case of mouth ulcers.

Benefits :

Being stambhana in niramaavastha of atisara, pravahika, n niramaraktapitta

It is raktashodhana in nature hence used in raktadushti.

Pradar Roga-

As it is stambhaka in nature hence it is used , in rakta and shvetapradara.uttarbasti of bark decoction of Plaksha or Yonivarti of Plaksha bark is used for the treatment of Rakta and Shweta Pradar.


Useful in prameha being mootrasangrahaneeya and being sheeta in daha.

Dosage :

Tvakquatha – 40 to 80 ml.

Research Corner :

A study was carried out to evaluate antiarthritic potential and phytochemical screening of various extracts of Ficuslacor aerial roots. The antiarthritic activity was evaluated by adjuvant-induced arthritis at the dose of 50 and 100 mg/kg. body weight and the standard drug used was indomethacin. The extracts administered in higher doses reduced the lesions to a greater extent showing a dose-dependent decrease in lesions comparable with standard drug indomethacin.

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