Botanical Name :Caesalpiniasappan. Linn.
According To Modern
Family – Caesalpinaceae
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Not included in Varga
Sushruta- Not included in Gana
Other Names :
Ayurvedic: Patangah, Patranga, Pattanga, Bharyavriksha, Kashtha, Kuchandana, Lohitaranga, Patanga, Patranga, Pattaranga, Pattaranjaka, Pattranya, Pattura, Raktaka, Raktasar, Ranjana, Rogakashtha, Suranga, Surangada
Assamese: Baggam, Bakam
English: Sappan Wood
Hindi: Pagang, Bakam
Kannada: Chappanga, Patanga, Patranga, Sappanga
Malayalam: Chappangam, Pathimukham
Tamil: Anaikuntrumani, Padangam, Patungam, Sappangu, Varattangi
Trade: Patang, Brazil wood
General Information :
Habit – a tree grows upto 30 ft. in height. Stem – Prickly, 15 to 25 cm in diameter. Branches – Armed with small prickles. Leaves – Compound, 20 to 40 cm long, pinnae are 8 to 12 pairs, 10 to 15 cm long, small prickles are seen at the base. Leaflets are 10 to 18 pairs, 1 to 2 cm long and 1 cm wide, subsessile, glabrous above and puberulous beneath. Inflorescence – Panicle, terminal and also seen in the axils of upper leaves 30 to 40 cm long. Flowers – yellow in colour. Fruits – Pods 7.5 to 10 cm long, 4 to 5 cm wide, woody, obliquely oblong, subcompressed. In dehiscent with a hard recurved short beak at the upper angle will have 3 to 4 seeds.
Rasa- Kasaya, Madhura, Tikta
Specific Parts :
It is useful in atisara as stambhana. In raktapitta as shonitasthapana. It is also useful in unmade, apasmara as akshepahara; as kusthaghna and dahashamak. Its decoction should be given internally and used as uttarabasti as thereby it acts as stambhana in rakta and shvetapradara.
– Dried heartwood used against inflammation.
– Decoction is used as diuretic.
– Roots, stems and seeds used as sedative and vulnerary.
In case of rohini application of Patanga(Caesalpiniasappan) with sugar and honey is much beneficial.
Improve renal functions
A Bark decoction is given.
Itches, urticaria and rashes
Heart wood paste with coconut milk is applied externally.
Thirst and urinary disorders due to diabetes
Heart wood decoction is taken before sleep.
Quatha- 40 to 80 ml.
Powder -2 to 4 gm.
Research Corner :
Bioassay-guided fractionation of a methanol extract of the seeds of Caesalpiniasappan led to the isolation of 12 new cassane type diterpenes, caesalsappanins A-L (1-12). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR and HRESIMS analysis, and the absolute configuration of compound I was determined by single-crystal X-Ray crystallography.