Botanical Name :Caesalpiniasappan. Linn.


According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Rosales

Family     – Caesalpinaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-     Not included in Varga

Sushruta-   Not included in Gana

Bhavprakash- KarpuradiVarga

Other Names :

Ayurvedic: Patangah, Patranga, Pattanga, Bharyavriksha, Kashtha, Kuchandana, Lohitaranga, Patanga, Patranga, Pattaranga, Pattaranjaka, Pattranya, Pattura, Raktaka, Raktasar, Ranjana, Rogakashtha, Suranga, Surangada

Scientific: Caesalpiniasappan

Assamese: Baggam, Bakam

Bengali: Bokom

English: Sappan Wood

Gujrati: Patang

Hindi: Pagang, Bakam

Kannada: Chappanga, Patanga, Patranga, Sappanga

Malayalam: Chappangam, Pathimukham

Tamil: Anaikuntrumani, Padangam, Patungam, Sappangu, Varattangi

Telugu: Bukkapuchettu

Trade: Patang, Brazil wood

Unani: Pattang


General Information :

Habit – a tree grows upto 30 ft. in height. Stem – Prickly, 15 to 25 cm in diameter. Branches – Armed with small prickles. Leaves – Compound, 20 to 40 cm long, pinnae are 8 to 12 pairs, 10 to 15 cm long, small prickles are seen at the base. Leaflets are 10 to 18 pairs, 1 to 2 cm long and 1 cm wide, subsessile, glabrous above and puberulous beneath. Inflorescence – Panicle, terminal and also seen in the axils of upper leaves 30 to 40 cm long. Flowers – yellow in colour. Fruits – Pods 7.5 to 10 cm long, 4 to 5 cm wide, woody, obliquely oblong, subcompressed. In dehiscent with a hard recurved short beak at the upper angle will have 3 to 4 seeds.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Kasaya, Madhura, Tikta

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Sheeta



Specific Parts :


Doshaghnata :

Kapha- Pittashamak.


Benefits :

It is useful in atisara as stambhana. In raktapitta as shonitasthapana. It is also useful in unmade, apasmara as akshepahara; as kusthaghna and dahashamak. Its decoction should be given internally and used as uttarabasti as thereby it acts as stambhana in rakta and shvetapradara.

– Dried heartwood used against inflammation.
– Decoction is used as diuretic.
– Roots, stems and seeds used as sedative and vulnerary.


In case of rohini application of Patanga(Caesalpiniasappan) with sugar and honey is much beneficial.

Improve renal functions

A Bark decoction is given.

Itches, urticaria and rashes

Heart wood paste with coconut milk is applied externally.

Thirst and urinary disorders due to diabetes

Heart wood decoction is taken before sleep.


Formulation (Kalp):


Dosage :

            Quatha- 40 to 80 ml.

Powder -2 to 4 gm.

Research Corner :

Bioassay-guided fractionation of a methanol extract of the seeds of Caesalpiniasappan led to the isolation of 12 new cassane type diterpenes, caesalsappanins A-L (1-12). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR and HRESIMS analysis, and the absolute configuration of compound I was determined by single-crystal X-Ray crystallography.