Botanical Name :Tricosanthesdioica. Roxb.
According To Modern
Family – Cucurbitaceae
According To Ayurveda
Other Names :
Hindi name: Parval
Telugu name: KommuPotla / CheduPotla
Bengali name: Patol
Marathi and Gujarathi Name: Paraval
Tamil name: Kambupudalai
Kannada name: KaaduPadaval, Kadupadavalakayi
Malayalam name: Patolam
General Information :
Habit – Cliber, spreads extensively. Branches – Slender, more or less scabrous and woolly, tendrils are 2-4 fitd. Leaves – 7.5 cm long and 5 cm wide, ovate-oblong, cordate, acute tip, sinuate-denote, not lobed, rigid, rough on both the surfaces petiole is 2 cm long.
Types of Part :
Gramya and vanya.
Specific Parts :
Leaf, panchanga, fruit
पटोलं पाचनं ह्रदयं वृश्यम लघ्वग्निदिपनम l
स्निग्धोष्नं हन्ति कासास्त्रज्वरदोषत्रयकृमीन l l
पटोलस्य भवेन्मुलं विरेचनकर सुखात l
नालं श्लेष्महरं पत्रं पित्तहारी फलं पुन : l
दोषत्रयहरं प्रोक्तं तद्वत्तीक्ता पटोलिका l l भा प्र
पटोलं कटूकं तिक्तमुष्नं पित्तविरोधीच l
कफासृक कंडूकुष्ठानी ज्वर दाहौ च नाशयेत् l lध नि
कफपित्तहरं वर्ण्य उष्णं तिक्तमवातलम् l
पटोलं कटूकं पाके वृष्यं रोचनदीपनम् l l सु सू ४६
Being ruchikara.Deepana and pachana due to its tiktarasa and ushnaveerya and being amajatrishnanigrahana, anulomana, pittasarakakrimighna and dushtakaphnashana, it should be used in aruchi, agnimandya, ajeerna, trishna, amlapitta, yakridvikaras, kamala, arsha and krimis. Its root being a drastic purgative and leaf and fruit aransana (mild purgative),they are used in the above ailments to expel doshas.
Acharya Charaka has mentioned Patola as one of the herbs used in powder massage,useful in pruritis,acne ad urticaria.
Patol root is sukha virechaka-causes mild purgation.
It stalk balances Kapha
Patol patra balances Pitta
While fruit of Patol balances Tridosha.
Kustha (Skin diseases)
Decoction prepared from patola (Tricosanthesdioica), Khadira (Acacia catechu), Nimba (Azadirachtaindica), Amalaki (Terminalia belorica) and krisnavetra if taken will alleviate all kinds of Kustha (Skin diseases).
Decoction of Patola (Tricosathesdioica) and Dhanyaka (Coriandrumsativum) if taken with ghee alleviates Jwara (Fever). It is also Appetizer, Expectorant, Carminative, Digestant and Purgative.
Decoction prepared from leaves of Patola (Tricosanthesdioica). Mudga and Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) taken with ghee is an effective remedy in case of Visarpa (Erysipeals).
Decoction of Patol patra is used as dahashamak
Patolvrisha Kwath-prepared by boiling leaves of patol and adulsa is used in the treatment of Hernia.
Patolakaturohinyadi Kashayam-removes the toxins from blood and liver.It rejuvenates the skin,improves the digestion and protects the liver.It is also given in liver disoders such as jaundice,viral infections etc
Jatyadi Grita-Patol leaves are key ingredients of this.It is used as ointment for treating wounds,burn injuries,boils,deep cuts etc.
Svarasa – 10 to 20 ml.
Decoction : 50 to 100 ml as shodhana and 20 to 30 ml as shamana.
Chemical Composition :
The fruit and the leaves contain proteins .lipid. Carbohydrate and minerals, the seed contains a redish green oil.
It is rich in carbohydrates,vitamin A and C.It contains trace elements of Potassium,Copper,Magnesium,Sulphur and Chlorine.
Research Corner :
The present study evaluated the protective effect of the triterpenoid enriched fraction from T. dioica root (CETD) against experimentally induced acute inflammatory ascites in Wistar albino rats. The CETD demonstrated significant (P<0.01) reduction of ascetic fluid formation in a dose- dependent manner as compared with control. Bhattacharya S, Haldar PK. The triterpenoid fraction from Trichosanthesdioica root suppresses experimentally induced inflammatory ascites in rats.