Botanical Name :Tricosanthesdioica. Roxb.
According To Modern
Family – Cucurbitaceae
According To Ayurveda
Other Names :
Hindi name: Parval
Telugu name: KommuPotla / CheduPotla
Bengali name: Patol
Marathi and Gujarathi Name: Paraval
Tamil name: Kambupudalai
Kannada name: KaaduPadaval, Kadupadavalakayi
Malayalam name: Patolam
General Information :
Habit – Cliber, spreads extensively. Branches – Slender, more or less scabrous and woolly, tendrils are 2-4 fitd. Leaves – 7.5 cm long and 5 cm wide, ovate-oblong, cordate, acute tip, sinuate-denote, not lobed, rigid, rough on both the surfaces petiole is 2 cm long.
Types of Part :
Gramya and vanya.
Specific Parts :
Leaf, panchanga, fruit
पटोलं पाचनं ह्रदयं वृश्यम लघ्वग्निदिपनम
स्निग्धोष्नं हन्ति कासास्त्रज्वरदोषत्रयकृमीन
पटोलस्य भवेन्मुलं विरेचनकर सुखात
Being ruchikara.Deepana and pachana due to its tiktarasa and ushnaveerya and being amajatrishnanigrahana, anulomana, pittasarakakrimighna and dushtakaphnashana, it should be used in aruchi, agnimandya, ajeerna, trishna, amlapitta, yakridvikaras, kamala, arsha and krimis. Its root being a drastic purgative and leaf and fruit aransana (mild purgative),they are used in the above ailments to expel doshas.
Kustha (Skin diseases)
Decoction prepared from patola (Tricosanthesdioica), Khadira (Acacia catechu), Nimba (Azadirachtaindica), Amalaki (Terminalia belorica) and krisnavetra if taken will alleviate all kinds of Kustha (Skin diseases).
Decoction of Patola (Tricosathesdioica) and Dhanyaka (Coriandrumsativum) if taken with ghee alleviates Jwara (Fever). It is also Appetizer, Expectorant, Carminative, Digestant and Purgative.
Decoction prepared from leaves of Patola (Tricosanthesdioica). Mudga and Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) taken with ghee is an effective remedy in case of Visarpa (Erysipeals).
Svarasa – 10 to 20 ml.
Decoction : 50 to 100 ml as shodhana and 20 to 30 ml as shamana.
Chemical Composition :
The fruit and the leaves contain proteins .lipid. Carbohydrate and minerals, the seed contains a redish green oil.
Research Corner :
The present study evaluated the protective effect of the triterpenoid enriched fraction from T. dioica root (CETD) against experimentally induced acute inflammatory ascites in Wistar albino rats. The CETD demonstrated significant (P<0.01) reduction of ascetic fluid formation in a dose- dependent manner as compared with control. Bhattacharya S, Haldar PK. The triterpenoid fraction from Trichosanthesdioica root suppresses experimentally induced inflammatory ascites in rats.