Botanical Name :CissampeolosPareria. Linn.

 Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Division-Spermaophyta

Sub-Division-Angiospermae

Class-Dicotylenae

Order –Ranales

Family  –Menispermaceae

Genus-Cyclea

Species-Peltata

According To Ayurveda

Charak-   Sandhaniyavarga

Jwaraharavarga,

StanyasodhanaVarga,

Sushruta- AragwadhadiGana,

AmbasthadiGana

PippalyadiGana

PatoladiGana

BrihatyadiGana

MustadiGana

Bhavprakash- GuducyadiVarga

Other Names :

Sanskrit: Ambashtaki, laghupatha

Assamese: Tuprilata

Bengali: Akanadi, Patha

English: Velvet leaf

Gujrati: Kalipath, Karondhium, Karondium, Venivel, Karedhium

Hindi: Patha, Padh, Akanadi

Kannada: Pahadavela, Agalushunthi

Kashmiri: Pad

Malayalam: Patha

Marathi: Pashadvel, Paharrel, Pahadavel, Padali

Oriya: Kanabindhi, Patha

Punjabi: Patha

Tamil: Vattatiruppi

Telugu: Adivibankatiga, chiruboddi, Bodditiga

Flowering and fruiting: April-October

Habitat: Tropical and subtropical India (From Sind and Punjab to South India and Sri Lanka).

 

General Information :

Habit – climbing shrub. Branches – Striate, pubescent. Leaves – Peltate, 4 to 6 cm in diameter, cordate or truncate at the base. Petioles are long, 4 to 10 cm long, pubescent, inserted 3 to 6 mm within the basal margin. Flowers – Male flowers are pedicelled and seen in axillary cymes. Fruit – Drupe, subglobose, compressed, red on ripening. Endocarp is transversely ridged.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Tikta

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Laghu, Tikshna

Type Of Plant :

Patha- CissampelosPareira

Raja Patha- CycleaPeltata.

 

Specific Parts :

Root

           

Doshaghnata :

Vatakapha, Kaphasamaka

Shloka’s :

पाठोष्णाकटुकातिक्ष्ना वातश्र्लेश्म्हरी लघु:│

हन्ति शूलज्वरच्छर्दीकुष्ठातिसार ह्रद्रुज:││

दाहकंडूविषश्र्वासकृमिगुल्मगरव्रनान│

पाठा तिक्तरसा वृष्या विषघ्नी कुष्ठकंडू नुत l l

छर्दीहृद्रोगज्वरजीत त्रिदोषशमनी परा l

पाठा अतिसारशुलघ्नी कफपित्तज्वारापहा l l ध .नि

Benefits :

Being ruchikara, deepana and pachana due to its tiktarasa and ushnaveerya and being amajatrishnanigrahana, anulomana, pittasarakakrimighna and dushtakaphanashana, it should be used in aruchi, agnimanya, ajeerna, trishna, amlapitta, yakridvikaras, kamala, arsha and krimis.

Prameha (Diabetes)

In case of Lavana decoction of Patha (Cissampelosperiera) and Aguru (Aquillariaagallocha) is much beneficial.

Atisara (Diarrhoea)

In case of Burning sensation in Atisara (Diarrhoea) Patha (Cissamelosperiera) is triturated with curd and given internally.

Patha or abuta is an important medicinal herbs that is particularly used to treat gynaecological problems. Some tribes use roots of herb as contraceptive. The leaves exhibits antifertility activity in female albino rat.

Poultice prepared from Patha leaves is effective in skin diseases viz. abscesses, burns, boils, sores, scabies, itches, acne. Leaves are antiseptic and applied on inflammation and sores.

 

External application :

 

Being wound healer, antidote ankushthaghna, paste of leaves and root is used in fistula, pruritis, skin disorders and snake poison. Juice or powdered roots are used as a Nasya in ardhavabhedaka.

Root Decoction of Patha is used for washing the wounds.

Poultic prepared with Patha leaves acts as antiseptic hence it is used in abscess,burns,boils,sores,scabies,itching,acne and inflammation.

Decoction of Patha mula is used for washing the face which gives good results in Pimples.

 

Internal application :

 

PachanaSamsthana (Digestive System)-

Being an appetizer, digestive laxative astringent and anthelmintic, it is useful in anorexia, indigestion, abdominal pain, diarrhea& dysentery.

 

RaktavahaSamsthana (Circulatory System)-

It is a blood purifier and has anti-inflammatory property. So it is used in blood disorders, heart disorders and inflammation.

 

ShasanaSamsthana (Respiratory System)- 

Being an expectorant it is used in cough and dyspnoea.

 

PrajananaSamsthana (Reproductive System)- 

Since it purifies breast milk it is used in various disorders of breast milk secretion.

 

MutravahaSamthana (Urinary System)- 

Potent diuretic, hence useful in cystitis, dysuria and haematuria

 

TwakSamthana (Skin)- 

Kushthaghna, Useful in skin disorders.

 

Tapakrama (Temperature)- 

Being febrifuge and refrigerant, it is used in sheetajwara, fever related diarrhea and burning disorders.

Kwath of Patha,Ushir and Bala is advisible in jwar.

Pathamoola swarasa is advisiable in Jwara.Dose-20-30ml at empty stomach for 3 days

Lavanameha-

Decoction of Patha with Agaru is advisiable in Lavanmeha.

Patha churna with  guduchyadi and chitraka kwath is advisiable in Sarpimeha.

Arsha-

Patha churna with buttermilk is advisiable in Arsha

Patha combined with any one of Duralabha,Bilva,Yavani and Shunthi destroys piles.

Internal abscess-

Patha mula with honey and rice water is used in  internal abscess.

colic pain-

4 parts of Patha, parts of Pippali,3 parts of Hing.and 6 parts of ginger mix with honey and take this mixcure 3 times a day.

 

Formulation (Kalp):

Shatdharanayoga, Gangadharchoorna, Kutajashtakkvatha.

Pushyanuga Churna,Usheerasava,Chandanasava

 

Dosage :

Powder -1 to 3 gm. Decoction – 40 to 80 ml.

Chemical Composition:

The root contains pesoline, berberine, saponine, cyclonoline and tetrahydro-isoquinoline.

Hayatin,Hayatinin,Menismine,Cissamine,Pareirine,Cycleanine,quercitol

Cyclea peltata-Perpamine,Cycleamine,Chondocurine,Mangoflorine

Research Corner :

Study done to evaluate antiurolithic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelospareira (AERGP) in chemicals induced urolithiasis in albino rats. The rats treated with alcoholic extract of roots of C. pareira at 03 different doses significant (p<0.05) reduced urinary calcium, uric acid and increased serum levels, reduced serum calcium, creatinine and increased serum magnesium.

Side Effects-

It is used as female contraceptive in rural areas,hence long term use of this can cause female infertility.

It can be use in lower dose in lactation period and childrens.

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