Botanical Name :CissampeolosPareria. Linn.
According To Modern
According To Ayurveda
Other Names :
Sanskrit: Ambashtaki, laghupatha
Bengali: Akanadi, Patha
English: Velvet leaf
Gujrati: Kalipath, Karondhium, Karondium, Venivel, Karedhium
Hindi: Patha, Padh, Akanadi
Kannada: Pahadavela, Agalushunthi
Marathi: Pashadvel, Paharrel, Pahadavel, Padali
Oriya: Kanabindhi, Patha
Telugu: Adivibankatiga, chiruboddi, Bodditiga
Flowering and fruiting: April-October
Habitat: Tropical and subtropical India (From Sind and Punjab to South India and Sri Lanka).
General Information :
Habit – climbing shrub. Branches – Striate, pubescent. Leaves – Peltate, 4 to 6 cm in diameter, cordate or truncate at the base. Petioles are long, 4 to 10 cm long, pubescent, inserted 3 to 6 mm within the basal margin. Flowers – Male flowers are pedicelled and seen in axillary cymes. Fruit – Drupe, subglobose, compressed, red on ripening. Endocarp is transversely ridged.
Type Of Plant :
Raja Patha- CycleaPeltata.
Specific Parts :
पाठोष्णाकटुकातिक्ष्ना वातश्र्लेश्म्हरी लघु:│
हन्ति शूलज्वरच्छर्दीकुष्ठातिसार ह्रद्रुज:││
पाठा तिक्तरसा वृष्या विषघ्नी कुष्ठकंडू नुत l l
छर्दीहृद्रोगज्वरजीत त्रिदोषशमनी परा l
पाठा अतिसारशुलघ्नी कफपित्तज्वारापहा l l ध .नि
Being ruchikara, deepana and pachana due to its tiktarasa and ushnaveerya and being amajatrishnanigrahana, anulomana, pittasarakakrimighna and dushtakaphanashana, it should be used in aruchi, agnimanya, ajeerna, trishna, amlapitta, yakridvikaras, kamala, arsha and krimis.
In case of Lavana decoction of Patha (Cissampelosperiera) and Aguru (Aquillariaagallocha) is much beneficial.
In case of Burning sensation in Atisara (Diarrhoea) Patha (Cissamelosperiera) is triturated with curd and given internally.
Patha or abuta is an important medicinal herbs that is particularly used to treat gynaecological problems. Some tribes use roots of herb as contraceptive. The leaves exhibits antifertility activity in female albino rat.
Poultice prepared from Patha leaves is effective in skin diseases viz. abscesses, burns, boils, sores, scabies, itches, acne. Leaves are antiseptic and applied on inflammation and sores.
External application :
Being wound healer, antidote ankushthaghna, paste of leaves and root is used in fistula, pruritis, skin disorders and snake poison. Juice or powdered roots are used as a Nasya in ardhavabhedaka.
Root Decoction of Patha is used for washing the wounds.
Poultic prepared with Patha leaves acts as antiseptic hence it is used in abscess,burns,boils,sores,scabies,itching,acne and inflammation.
Decoction of Patha mula is used for washing the face which gives good results in Pimples.
Internal application :
PachanaSamsthana (Digestive System)-
Being an appetizer, digestive laxative astringent and anthelmintic, it is useful in anorexia, indigestion, abdominal pain, diarrhea& dysentery.
RaktavahaSamsthana (Circulatory System)-
It is a blood purifier and has anti-inflammatory property. So it is used in blood disorders, heart disorders and inflammation.
ShasanaSamsthana (Respiratory System)-
Being an expectorant it is used in cough and dyspnoea.
PrajananaSamsthana (Reproductive System)-
Since it purifies breast milk it is used in various disorders of breast milk secretion.
MutravahaSamthana (Urinary System)-
Potent diuretic, hence useful in cystitis, dysuria and haematuria
Kushthaghna, Useful in skin disorders.
Being febrifuge and refrigerant, it is used in sheetajwara, fever related diarrhea and burning disorders.
Kwath of Patha,Ushir and Bala is advisible in jwar.
Pathamoola swarasa is advisiable in Jwara.Dose-20-30ml at empty stomach for 3 days
Decoction of Patha with Agaru is advisiable in Lavanmeha.
Patha churna with guduchyadi and chitraka kwath is advisiable in Sarpimeha.
Patha churna with buttermilk is advisiable in Arsha
Patha combined with any one of Duralabha,Bilva,Yavani and Shunthi destroys piles.
Patha mula with honey and rice water is used in internal abscess.
4 parts of Patha, parts of Pippali,3 parts of Hing.and 6 parts of ginger mix with honey and take this mixcure 3 times a day.
Shatdharanayoga, Gangadharchoorna, Kutajashtakkvatha.
Powder -1 to 3 gm. Decoction – 40 to 80 ml.
The root contains pesoline, berberine, saponine, cyclonoline and tetrahydro-isoquinoline.
Research Corner :
Study done to evaluate antiurolithic activity of alcoholic extract of roots of Cissampelospareira (AERGP) in chemicals induced urolithiasis in albino rats. The rats treated with alcoholic extract of roots of C. pareira at 03 different doses significant (p<0.05) reduced urinary calcium, uric acid and increased serum levels, reduced serum calcium, creatinine and increased serum magnesium.
It is used as female contraceptive in rural areas,hence long term use of this can cause female infertility.
It can be use in lower dose in lactation period and childrens.