Botanical Name :Cicculus hirsutus.Linn. Diels
According To Modern
Family – Menispermaceae
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Not included in Varga
Sushruta- Not included in Gana
Raj Nighantu-Guduchyadi varga
Other Names :
Hindi Name- Jalajamani, Patalgarudi, Jal jamani, Jamtike bel
Tamil name- Katukkodi
Bengali name- Humera
Telugu name- Dusari Balli, Doosariteega
Gujarati name – PatalaGaroli, Vevati
Marati name – Vasanavel
Maha bala,Mahamoola-Having long roots
Deerghakanda,Drudhalata,Deerghavalli-A tall climber,creeper
General Information :
Habit – straggling, scandent shrub. Branches – Striate, young parts are densely and softly villous. Leaves – 4 to 6 cm long, 1 to 4 cm wide 3 to 5 nerved, ovate- oblong, subcordate or truncate at the base. Petiole is very small, 3 mm long, densely villous. Male Flowers- seen in small axillary cymose, panicles, small petals. Female Flowers – seen in axillary clusters, 2 to 3 together. Petals are thick and fleshy, divided at the apex into triangular lobes with swollen bases.
Fruits- Drupe, size of a small pea.
Guna-Laghu, Snigdha, Picchila
Specific Parts :
वत्सादनी सोमवल्ली विक्रान्ता मेचकाभिधा l
पातलगारुडी तार्क्षी सौपर्णी गारुडी तथा l l
वासनी दीर्घकान्डा च दृढकाणडा महाबला l
दीर्घवल्ली दृढलता नामान्यस्याश्र्चतुर्दश l
वत्सादनी तु मधुरा पित्तदहास्रदोषनुत् l
वृष्या संतर्पनी रुच्या विषदोषविनाशिनी l
छिलीहिण्टो महामुल : पातलगरुडाहृय:l
छिलहिंट:परं वृष्य:कफघन:पवनापह:│भ. प्र.
External application of leaf juice is advisiable in Eczema and skin itching.
Local application of aqueous extract of leaves helps in quick healing in chronic wounds.
Sarpa visa (Snake bite)
In snake bite, if cyanosis is not set in the root of patalagarudi (Cocculushersutis) is used in the form oNasya (Instillation). Anjana (Collyrium), Lepa (Application) and pana (Internal usage).
Snayukaroga (Guinea worm infestation)
In snayukaroga (Guinea worm) root decoction of patalagarudi (Cocculushirsutus) is beneficial.
Being deepana, pachana and anulomana it should be used inagnimandya, ajeerna, vishtambha and shola. It should be used in upadansha, amavata etc. and in hypertension. Being kaphaghna in kasa, shvasa. Its juice acts as shukrastambhana and vajikarna.
It is a good diuretic and soothes urinary tract.
In poisonous bites, it is applied externally to relieve burning sensation and toxicity.
It is used in treating premature ejaculation.
Used in treating urinary tract infections, skin disorders and fever.
It is used in treating sun stroke, excess body heat. For this, its root juice extract – 20 ml is administered along with half a teaspoon of sugar.
When water comes in contact with leaves then it absorbs the water and it forms gelly like semisolid substance.This is used in treatment of blood pressure,gout,headache and neuralgia.
It is also used in fractures for quick healing.
Gelly form of leaves also used for spermatogenesis.
To treatthe stomach ache,cold infusion of Patalgarudi is advised.
To treat the female infertility decoction of Patalgarudi is recomanded.0
Cooked leaves of Patalgarudi are eaten to treat the night blindness commonly in Rajasthana.
Juice of fresh leaves is used to treat lecorrhoea,gonorrhoea,tiredness,fever and the condition which is caused by excess heat.
Aqueous extract of leaves is used in treating the bleeding from nose and bleeding from uterus.
Daily eating of fresh leaves of Patalgarudi provide relief from tiredness.
For Leucorrhoea,Menorrhagia and Metrorrhagia-Juice of fresh leaves of Patalgarudi with Mishri and black peppare powder in a dose of 50ml ,twice a day is recommonded.
Drinking leaves juice water is adisiable for weight gaining.
Dried leaves powder in a dose of 3gm with mishri is given in spermatorrhoea.
PatalagarudyadiKwatha Visa Roga
Swarasa (Juice) – 10 to 20 ml.
MulaChoorna (Root Powder) – 3 to 6gm.
To evaluate antitumor activities of C. hirsutus in vitro and in Vivo. C. hirsutus was successively extracted using hexane, petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water.