Botanical Name :Cicculushirsutus.Linn. Diels

 Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Ranales

Family     – Menispermaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-    Not included in Varga

Sushruta-   Not included in Gana

Bhavprakash- GuducyadiVarga

Other Names :

Hindi Name- Jalajamani,  Patalgarudi, Jal jamani, Jamtike bel
Tamil name- Katukkodi
Bengali name- Humera
Telugu name- Dusari Balli, Doosariteega
Gujarati name – PatalaGaroli, Vevati
Marati name – Vasanavel

General Information :

Habit – straggling, scandent shrub. Branches – Striate, young parts are densely and softly villous. Leaves – 4 to 6 cm long, 1 to 4 cm wide 3 to 5 nerved, ovate- oblong, subcordate or truncate at the base. Petiole is very small, 3 mm long, densely villous. Male Flowers- seen in small axillary cymose, panicles, small petals. Female Flowers – seen in axillary clusters, 2 to 3 together. Petals are thick and fleshy, divided at the apex into triangular lobes with swollen bases.

Fruits- Drupe, size of a small pea.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Tikta

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Laghu, Snigdha, Picchila

 

Specific Parts :

            Root, Leaf

Doshaghnata :

Vata-Kaphaghna

Shloka’s :

            छिलहिंट:परं वृष्य:कफघन:पवनापह:भ. प्र.

Benefits :

Sarpa visa (Snake bite)

In snake bite, if cyanosis is not set in the root of patalagarudi (Cocculushersutis) is used in the form oNasya (Instillation). Anjana (Collyrium), Lepa (Application) and pana (Internal usage).

Snayukaroga (Guinea worm infestation)

In snayukaroga (Guinea worm) root decoction of patalagarudi (Cocculushirsutus) is beneficial.

Being deepana, pachana and anulomana it should be used  inagnimandya, ajeerna, vishtambha and shola. It should be used in upadansha, amavata etc. and in hypertension.  Being kaphaghna in kasa, shvasa. Its juice acts as shukrastambhana and vajikarna.

It is a good diuretic and soothes urinary tract.
In  poisonous bites, it is applied externally to relieve burning sensation and toxicity.
It is used in treating premature ejaculation.
Used in treating urinary tract infections, skin disorders and fever.
It is used in treating sun stroke, excess body heat. For this, its root juice extract – 20 ml is administered along with half a teaspoon of sugar.

Formulation (Kalp):

Name                                      Indication

PatalagarudyadiKwatha          Visa Roga

Dosage :

Swarasa (Juice) – 10 to 20 ml.

MulaChoorna (Root Powder) – 3 to 6gm.

Research Corner:

To evaluate antitumor activities of C. hirsutus in vitro and in Vivo. C. hirsutus was successively extracted using hexane, petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water.

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