Botanical Name :Grewiaasiatica Linn.
According To Modern
Family – Tiliaceae
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Jwaraharavarga, Sramaharavarga, Virecanopagavarga
Other Names :
Hindi name- Phalsa, Falsa
Tamil name- Palisa
Telugu name- Chitteeta
English name – Phasla fruit
Synonyms- Alpasthi, Paraoaram
Sindhi name – Pharwa
General Information :
Habit – shrub or a small tree. Branches – young parts are stellately pubescent. Leaves – Simple, 7 to 17 cm long, 6 to 12 cm wide, ovate or suborbicular, acute or subacuminate or cuspidate, sharpely and often coarsely doubly serrate. Petiole 1 cm long, thickened at the top. Flowers- large, petals are Yellow in colour. Fruits – globose, Red in colour, 6 to 8 mm in diameter.
Rasa- Madhura, Amla, kasaya
Specific Parts :
Fruit, Stem bark
परूषकं कषायाम्लमासं पित्तकर लघु
तत्पक्कं मधुरं पाके शीतं विष्टम्भी बृहंनम
Raw fruit of parushak is given in agnimandya, atisara and pravahika.
While ripe fruit of parushak is useful in thirst and also alongwithvamana and virechanadravyas.
Bark decoction should be given in amavata.
Paittikamadatyaya (Alcoholism caused by pitta dosa)
Same quantity of Parushaka(grewiaasiatica),draksa (Vitisvinifera), amalaki ( Phyllanthusemblica), kharjura (Phoenix dactylifera) is taken and juice is prepared.This juice is beneficial in Pittikamadatyaya (Alcoholism caused by pitta dosa).
· Juice of Parushaka helps to fight against cancer and sun radiation.
· Parushaka is very good as a blood purifier hence it is used in treatment of respiratory inflammation, fever, heart diseases, blood pressure and heart beat normalization.
· It is good for skin problems acne and skin blemish.
· Parushakasharabatis beneficial for curing Sour throat, asthma, Headache, Vomiting & Nausea, and heartburn.
Parushakasharabat also relieves urinary problems like burning
The juice of Parushaka is beneficial in relieving digestive problems like excess acidity and indigestion.
The infusion of the bark is used to treat diarrhoea.
Parushaka leaves paste cures skin infections like eczema and eruptions and heals wounds.
The fruit relieves liver and gall bladder problems, regulates blood pressure and cholesterol.
The seeds are used to treat gonorrhoea and fertility problems.
It protects from sunstroke, cures anaemia.
falsa leaves are used in traditional medicine to treat urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases.( Ref-Journal Ethnobotany Research and Application)
The leaves are said to have a mild antibiotic effect.
Soaked overnight and made into a paste, they are said to relieve inflammations of the skin including cuts, burns, boils, eczema, and pustular skin eruptions.
Swaras (Juice) – 20 to 30 ml
Research Corner :
The present study demonstrates the analgesic and anti-inflammatory acidity of root bark of G. asiatica in rodents. The extracts showed a significant inhibition of writhing response and increase in hot the plate reaction time and also caused a decrease in paw oedema.