Botanical Name :Thespesiapopulnea. SolandExcorrea.

 Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Malvales

Family     – Malvaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-    MutrasangrahaniyaVarga

Sushruta-   NyagrodhadiGana

Bhavprakash- VatadiVarga

Other Names :

Hindi name- Parasapeepala
English name- Portia tree, Umbrella tree, Indian Tulip tree, Pacific Rosewood, Seaside Mahoe
Telugu name- Ganga ravichettu
Tamil name – Puravasu
Kannada name – Bugarimara
Sinhalese name – Suriya
Malay name – Bebaru, Barubaru
Malayalam name – Poovarasu
Bengali name – Pakur

General Information :

Habit – small tree, Leaves – Simple, 7 to 15 cm long, broadly ovate, cordate, acuminate, entire, smooth, finely reticulately veined with  5 to 7 prominent veins. Petiole is to 5 to 10 cm long. Flowers- yellow in colour, 5 to 7.5 cm in diameter, base of flower is purple in colour Fruits- Capsules, globose, 2.5 cm in diameter covered with minute peltate scales. Seed is 1 cm long and ovoid.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa- Madhura, Kasaya

Vipak- Katu

Virya- Sheeta

Guna-Ruksha, Laghu.

 

Specific Parts :

Bark

           

Doshaghnata :

Kapha-pittaghna

 

Shloka’s :

कपितनो लघु रुक्ष:कषाय:शिशिरो हरेत

कफपित्तप्रमेहास्त्र कुष्ठयोनिगदव्रनान

 

Benefits :

Internal application :

It is  stambhaka hence used in atisaar and arsh

It is raktaprasadaka hence it is used in vitiated raktadoshaj vicar like raktapitta.inprameha being mootrasangrahaneeya;

It is also dahashamaka, kushthaghna and vishaghna in nature

External  application:
External application of bark or root paste is adviceable in treat tinea infection

Visarpa (Herpes)

paste of pancavalkala Barks of five plants like vata (Ficusbenglesis), Aswatha (Ficusreligiosa), Udumbara (Ficusglomerata), Parisa (Thespesiapopulnea) and plaksa (Ficuslacor) is beneficial in the treatment of Visarpa.(herpes).

Decoction of panchvalkala plants is prepared .It is also useful in the treatment of visarpa.

Vidradhi (Abscess)

pancavalkala (Barks of five plants)paste is prepared with  ghee .This paste is applied over the affected part of Vidradhi (Abscess).

Joint Effusion

Paste of fresh leaves is prepared with water. Warm paste is applied on swollen joints.

Ringworm :

Thespesiapopulnea is a good Antibacterial in nature.

Ascites

Drink 20 ml bark decoction of parisha once da day.

Formulation (Kalp):

            Name                                                  Indication

PancavalkalaKasayaKustha,                Yoniroga

PancavalkalaLepa                               VranaSotha

PancavalkaladyaChoorna                   Vrana

Dosage :

Quatha – 40 to 80 ml.

Research Corner :

A study done to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity of aqueous and ethanol root extracts of Thespesiapopulnea Linn. Antimicrobial properties of T. populnea Linn was evaluated against five pathogenic bacteria and two fungi. Disc diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) were determined by broth serial dilution method.

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