Botanical Name :Nyctanthes arbor- tristis Linn.
According To Modern
Family – Oleaceae
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Not include in Varga
Sushruta- Not include in Gana
Bhavprakash- Not include in Varga
Other Names :
English name- Night jasmine or Coral jasmine
Bengali name- Shefalika, Shivuli
Guajarati name- Harshanagar
Kannada name- Parijatha
Marathi name- Parijath
Telugu name- Parijatamu
Tamil name- Majjapu
General Information :
Habit – large shrub or small tree grows more than 15ft. in height. Bark – Grey or Greenish white, rough bark. Branches – Quadrangular strigose. Leaves – Simple, opposite, ovate, actue or acuminate, scabrous above with short bulbos hairs, densely pubescent beneath with appressed hairs, main nerves are few. Flowers – small, white with bright orange corolla tubes, 3 to 7 in each head. Fruits – Capsules, compressed, separating into two one-seeded segments.
Specific Parts :
Leaves, Flowers and Seed.
Kapha- Vatashamak, Pittashodhana.
शेफाली: कटुतिक्तोष्णा रूक्षा वातक्षयापहा│
- Parijatak leaves juice or swaras is given in cases of constipation, intestinal worms, hepatomegaly and piles. Dose – 10-15 ml.
- Dried leaves powder or bark of Parijatakwith betel leaf juice is given in asthma and cough. dose -2-3 g.
- In eczema and ringworm infestation,the paste of bark or leaf is applied on affected part.
- The flowers are used to prepare perfumes and scents after distillation.
Leaf juice or swaras is deepaniya,anulomanak,pittasarak and krimighna in nature hence used inraktadushti, agnimandya, vibandha, yakridvikars, Pittavikaras, arsha and krimi
Being kaphaghna its leaf or tvagchoorna should be given with patrasvarsa in kasa-shvasa.
It is mootrala hence also useful in mootrakrichchhra .
In kushtha and jvara.In sarpavishabadha; parnasvarasa in gridhrasi being vedanasthapana and also as Vatavahinibalya.
Decoction of Parijata (Nyctanthesarbortistis) leaves are given as a specific remedy by susruta-carya in the treatment of udakmeha.
Parijata (Nyctanthesarbortristis) leaves decoction prepared on mild fire can alleviate Gridhrasi (Sciatica).
Nastapuspantaka rasa Nastartava, Yonisula
Kwatha (Decoction) – 50 to 100 ml.
Swarasa (Juice) – 10 to 20 ml.
Choorna (Powder) – 1 to 3 gm.
Research Corner :
The present study was intended to evaluate the antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of flower extracts of Nyctanthesarbortristis. The shade dried flowers were extracted with 9.5% ethanol under sonication and the antioxidant activities were investigated using in vitro assays along with the determination of Phytochemical constituents (total polyphenol and total flavonoid).