Botanical Name :Prunuscerasoidus Linn.
According To Modern
According To Ayurveda
Charak- Not include in Varga
Sushruta- Not include in Gana
Other Names :
English Name- Henbane, Black Henbane, Common Henbane, Devil’s eye, Fetid nightshade, Jupiter’s Bean
Hindi Name- Khurasani Ajawayan
Bengali Name- KhorasaniAjoban
Tamil Name- KurasaniYomam
Gujarati Name- KhurasaniAjma
Kannada Name – Khurasani Oma
Malayalam Name – Khurasani Ova
Telugu Name – Khurasani Yamani
Arabian Name – Altercum, Bajulbajj
Farsi name – Turumavanga
General Information :
Habit – an erect, biennial or annual herb grows upto 80 cm in height. Stem – robust. Leaf – Basal leaves are spreading, petiolate, oblong-ovate, 15 to 20 cm, coarsely sinuate-toothed. Cauline leaves are smaller, sessile, clasping, obal-oblong, sinuat, pinnatifid, lobes, irregular, triangular and lanceolate. Inflorescence – Terminal scorpiod cymes. Flowers – Dirty-yellow veined with violet, throat is purplish-black. Fruits- Capsule enclosed in the persistent and enlarged calyx.
Specific Parts :
Seed, Leaf, Flower
पारसीकयवानी तू यवानीसदृशा गुनै:│
विशेषात्पाचनी रुच्या ग्राहीनी मादिनी गुरु:││
Internal application :
Grahi being katu, tikta and ushna. Moisture from pureesha is absorbed due to its rookshata. It is vatashamaka and angamardprashamana and analgesic as well. Hence it is used in atisara, pravahika, shola and grahani as a binding agent. It is used in anaha and gulma also.
Krimiroga (Worm infestation):
Parasikayavani (Hyoscyamusniger)powder with hot water after taking jiggery will expel Krimi (Worms) immediately.
Pain in ear
Parasikayawanisidhhatil tail is used in ear pain.
Intestinal parasites, roundworm
For parasitic infestation, eat 10gram jaggery empty stomach in the morning. After that eat 200-500mg of its seeds powder.
Urinary problems, stones
The Satva of seeds is given in dose of 12 drops, 3-4 times a day.
Pain in liver
The seeds oil is applied externally on affected area.
Choorna – 0.25 to 0.5 gm.
Research Corner :
A new steroidal glycoside hyoscyamosde G (I), together with two known analogues byoscyamoside E (2) and hyoscymoside F1 (3), was isolated from the seeds of Hyoscyamusniger.