Botanical Name :Allium cepa. Linn.

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Family     –Liliaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak-  Not mentioned in Varga

Sushruta- Not mentioned in Gana

Bhavprakash- HaritakyadiVarga

 

Other Names :

Hindi name – Piyaz, Pyaz
Kannada name – Nirulli, Irulli
Bengali name – Pyanj
Malayalam name – Chuvannaulli
Telugu Name – Nirulli
Tamil name – Vengayam
Punjabi name – Ganda
Marathi name – Konda
Gujarati name – Dungali, Dungari, Kando

General Information :

Habit – Annual mesohytic herb. Root – Fibrous root system. Stem – Underground truncated bulb. Leaf- Radical, Concentrically arranged, exstipulate, sessile, cylindrical, fistular, leaf bases are fleshy, has parallel venation. Leaves are arranged on the disc like stem in concentric circles. Inflorescence – terminal umbel. Flowers – Bracteate, pedicellate, ebracteolate, bisexual, complete, regular, hypogynous, trimerous, perianth is homochlamydeous, free arranged in two whorls of 3 each, stamens are six in number, free and arranged in two whorls of 3 each, Gynoecium is tricarpellary, syncarpous, ovary is superior.

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-Katu, Madhura

Vipak- Madhura

Virya- Ushna

Guna-Guru, Snigdha

 

Specific Parts :

Bulb, Seed

 

Doshaghnata :

Vatashamaka, Kaphakara

 

Shloka’s :

सीतामधुघृतं क्षीरं पलांडूरससंयुतम│

पिबेन्नरो भवेत्कामी वृध्दोपि तरुणायते││

Benefits :

Hikka (Hiccough) and swasa (Asthma)

Nasya of palanduswaras with breast milk is effective in hikka and swasa

Nsaraktasrava (Epistaxis)

Nasya (Instillation) with palandu (Allium lepa) juice will stop Nasal bleeding.

Raktarsas (Haemorrhoids)

Palandu (Allium lepa) is cooked with Badara (Zizyphusjujuba) and taken with butter milk in bleeding piles.

  • Onion paste is applied over black head, moles to treat them.
  • Prepare the paste of palandu,The heat it on medium flame and applied over the area affected with sciatica, joint pain and pain in the nerves.

Palandusidhhamilk is consumed to treat bleeding piles and other bleeding disorders.

  • Ghee Fried rings of sweet palanduincrease the vitality and sexual vigor.
  • Palandu juice with raw salt is given  to improve appetite and digestion.

Internal application : it should be used in agnimandya, aruchi, vibandha and kamala being ruchikara, deepana and yakritottejana due to its katuanurasa and vatanulomama being guru. It is useful in ajeerna and agnimandya when juice of onion and ardraka is given together. Palandu, yavani, and bhallataka given together in vishoochika, are useful as they are deepana, pachana and malasangrahi actions. Its juice is useful given with curds in arsha for Vata, mootra, pureeshaanulomana, However, if  given with ghee, it causes binding of stools and vatashamana in atisara and pravahika.

Dosage :

Choroona 1 to 3 gm.

Phanta 30 to 40 ml.

 

Research Corner :

To study the role of Quercetin in sreptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats. Apoptotic cells significantly decreased in group that has received 15mg/kg (IP) Quercetin (P<0.05) in comparison to experimental groups (P<0.05). BakhashaeshiNj Khaki A. Fathiazad F, Khaki AA, Ghadamkheir E. Anti-oxidative role of quercetin derived from Allium cepa on aldehyde oxidase (OXLDQ and hepatocytes apolmons in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat.

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