Botanical Name :Trigonellafoenum- graecum Linn.
§ According To Modern
o Kingdom –Plantae
o Order – Rosales
o Family –Papilionace
§ According To Ayurveda
- Charak- Not included
- Sushruta- Not Mentioned
- Bhavprakash- Haritakyadivara
§ Other Names :
Hindi name – Methi
English name – Fenugreek
Kannada name – Menthya, Menthe
Telugu name – Mentulu (seed), Mentikura (plant), Menthikoora
Malayalam name – Ventiyam, Vendiyam, Uluva
Punjabi name- Metha, Shamli, Methi, Methini
Bengali name – Methis, Methi – shak, Methuka
Gujarathi name – Methi, Methini, Bhaji
Marathi name – Methi
Oriya name – Methi
Tamil name – Venthaayam, Vendayam
Urdu name – Methi
- General Information :
Habit- nearly smooth erect annual. Stipules- Not toothed., Leaves- Compound, leaflets are 2 to 2.5 cm long, oblanceolate- oblong, toothed. Flowers- Axillary, sessile. Fruits- Pods, 5 to 7.5 cm long, with a long persistent beak, often falcate, 10 to 20 seeded.
- Types Of Plant’s
Nighantus have also described Gramya and Vanya
- Properties (Gunadharma)
- Guna-Snigdha, Laghu
- Specific Parts
मेथिका कटुरुष्णा च रक्त पित्तप्रकोपिनी ।
अरोचकहरा दित्पिकरी वातप्रणाशिनी ।।Dh. Ni.
It is deepana, pachana,anulomana and shoolaprashamana hence it is used in agnimandya,koshthagatavata and udarshool. A sweet made of its seeds should be given to lactating women to increase breast milk as galactogogue after delivery. Powder of methika used in weakness of nerves and general weakness also. vegetable is used to avoid Vataprakopa. Leaves are routinely used as vegetable and seeds as condiment. It is effective in diabetes mellitus in a dose of 1 of 3 teaspoonful.
Methika seeds has strong anti-diabetic properties. It can help in controlling the blood sugar levels in the patients with type-1 and type-2 diabetes (2).
The blood sugar lowering effect of methika can be attributed to galactomannan (made of galactose and mannose), a soluble fiber present in its seeds. It slows down the rate of absorption of carbohydrates into blood thus preventing the spikes in blood sugar levels.
Vatavyadhi (Disorders of Vata)
Powder of Caturbija-Methika (Trigonellafoenumgraecum), Candrasura (Lepidiumsativum), kalajaji (Nigella sativa) andyavani (Trachyspermumammi) is used to destroy all the Vatavyadhi (Disorders of Vata). This is also useful in ajirna (Indigestion), sula (Abdominal pain), adhmana (Flatulance), parsvasula (Pain in flanks) and Kativyatha (Low backache).
Diarrhea with mucus in stool
when loose motions accompanied with mucus in the stool ,use of methika powder is very effective . According to Ayurveda, the most common cause of mucus content in the stool during diarrhea is malabsorption and poor digestion. It can also occur due to intestinal infections.
Methikaseeds contain a good amount of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) including mucilaginous fiber. The mucilaginous fiber content in it helps in easier bowel movement by increasing bulk formation.
According to Ayurveda, methika+-+ gives strength to the intestinal wall and increases its peristaltic movement.
- Formulation (Kalp)
Choorna – 1 to 3 gm.
- Chemical Composition :
Fenugreek seeds contain 4-HYDROXYISOLEUCINE, TRIGONELLINE, TRIGONEOSIDES and GALACTOMANNAN, which acts on the glucose metabolism and likely to be responsible for lowering the blood glucose level.
- Research Corner
This study is done to evaluate antihyperglycemic and antioxidative potential of seed powder of Trigonellafoenumgraecum L in alloxan (55 mg/kg) induced diabetic rats. The results obtained showed that extensive oxidative stress is generated in tissues of diabetic rats as evidenced by increased production of hydrogen peroxide, increased accumulation of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonanal (4HNE) and decreased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and catalase (CAT) in tissues of diabetic rats.