Botanical Name :Trigonellafoenum- graecum Linn.
§ According To Modern
o Kingdom –Plantae
o Order – Rosales
o Family –Papilionace
§ According To Ayurveda
- Charak- Not included
- Sushruta- Not Mentioned
- Bhavprakash- Haritakyadivara
§ Other Names :
Hindi name – Methi
English name – Fenugreek
Kannada name – Menthya, Menthe
Telugu name – Mentulu (seed), Mentikura (plant), Menthikoora
Malayalam name – Ventiyam, Vendiyam, Uluva
Punjabi name- Metha, Shamli, Methi, Methini
Bengali name – Methis, Methi – shak, Methuka
Gujarathi name – Methi, Methini, Bhaji
Marathi name – Methi
Oriya name – Methi
Tamil name – Venthaayam, Vendayam
Urdu name – Methi
Methika-improves the medha means intellect,
Chandrika-flowers are white and yellowish,
Mishrapushpa-flowers are arranged in bunch
Kunchika-fruits are curved
municchada-leaves are compound which is similar as agasti leaves.
bahuparni,bahupatrika-numerous leaves and twings
peeta beeja-yellow seeds
Jatigandhaphala or Gandhaphala-perculiar odour
deepani,bodhani,ugra-improves taste and digestion.
Jyoti-improves the pachakagni
- General Information :
Habit- nearly smooth erect annual. Stipules- Not toothed., Leaves- Compound, leaflets are 2 to 2.5 cm long, oblanceolate- oblong, toothed. Flowers- Axillary, sessile. Fruits- Pods, 5 to 7.5 cm long, with a long persistent beak, often falcate, 10 to 20 seeded.
- Types Of Plant’s
Nighantus have also described Gramya and Vanya
- Properties (Gunadharma)
- Guna-Snigdha, Laghu
- Specific Parts
मेथिका कटुरुष्णा च रक्त पित्तप्रकोपिनी ।
अरोचकहरा दित्पिकरी वातप्रणाशिनी ।।Dh. Ni.
Paste of the sprouted seeds of methika is applied over the hair which results in decrease in hair fall.it also gives lustrous and blackness to the hair.
application of warm methi powder over the affected area reduces inflammation ,pain and abscess.
Pessaries prepared with Methika seeds are used in agina and uterus in case of lecorrhoea.
local application of methi powder with honey bee wax over the chest region gives relief from chest pain.
gargaling of fresh leaves of methika is advisiable in mouth ulcers.
Polutice made with methi powder is applied over the affected part to get relief from painful joints
It is deepana, pachana,anulomana and shoolaprashamana hence it is used in agnimandya,koshthagatavata and udarshool. A sweet made of its seeds should be given to lactating women to increase breast milk as galactogogue after delivery. Powder of methika used in weakness of nerves and general weakness also. vegetable is used to avoid Vataprakopa. Leaves are routinely used as vegetable and seeds as condiment. It is effective in diabetes mellitus in a dose of 1 of 3 teaspoonful.
Methika seeds has strong anti-diabetic properties. It can help in controlling the blood sugar levels in the patients with type-1 and type-2 diabetes (2).
The blood sugar lowering effect of methika can be attributed to galactomannan (made of galactose and mannose), a soluble fiber present in its seeds. It slows down the rate of absorption of carbohydrates into blood thus preventing the spikes in blood sugar levels.
Vatavyadhi (Disorders of Vata)
Powder of Caturbija-Methika (Trigonellafoenumgraecum), Candrasura (Lepidiumsativum), kalajaji (Nigella sativa) andyavani (Trachyspermumammi) is used to destroy all the Vatavyadhi (Disorders of Vata). This is also useful in ajirna (Indigestion), sula (Abdominal pain), adhmana (Flatulance), parsvasula (Pain in flanks) and Kativyatha (Low backache).
laddu prepared with methi powder and gond is given in arthritis.
methika powder with shunti and jaggery with warm water is given in low back pain.
Diarrhea with mucus in stool
when loose motions accompanied with mucus in the stool ,use of methika powder is very effective . According to Ayurveda, the most common cause of mucus content in the stool during diarrhea is malabsorption and poor digestion. It can also occur due to intestinal infections.
methika seeds with curd is very good remedy for diarrhoea.
Methika seeds contain a good amount of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) including mucilaginous fiber. The mucilaginous fiber content in it helps in easier bowel movement by increasing bulk formation.
According to Ayurveda, methika gives strength to the intestinal wall and increases its peristaltic movement.
methika seeds are glactogogue hence it is given after delivery to the women to improve the breast milk secreation.
Roasted methika seeds are given in the treatment f small pox.
soak methika seeds in water and chew them in morning at empty stomach helps in weight loss.
- Formulation (Kalp)
Choorna – 1 to 3 gm.
- Chemical Composition :
Fenugreek seeds contain 4-HYDROXYISOLEUCINE, TRIGONELLINE, TRIGONEOSIDES and GALACTOMANNAN, which acts on the glucose metabolism and likely to be responsible for lowering the blood glucose level.
- Research Corner
This study is done to evaluate antihyperglycemic and antioxidative potential of seed powder of Trigonellafoenumgraecum L in alloxan (55 mg/kg) induced diabetic rats. The results obtained showed that extensive oxidative stress is generated in tissues of diabetic rats as evidenced by increased production of hydrogen peroxide, increased accumulation of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonanal (4HNE) and decreased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and catalase (CAT) in tissues of diabetic rats.
It is avoided in person having bleeding disoders such as nasal bleeding.