Botanical Name :Quercusinfectoria. Oliv.

Classification:

According To Modern

Kingdom –Plantae

Order –Fagales

Family     –Fagaceae

According To Ayurveda

Charak- Not included in Varga

Sushruta- Not included in Gana

Bhavprakash- Not included in Varga

 

Other Names :

Hindi name- Majuphal
English name- Gall oak, Cinnamon oak, bluejack oak, upland willow oak, sandjack oak
Bengali name- Majuphal
Gujarati name- Majuphal
Kannada name- Machikai
Marathi name- Mayaphal
Tamil name- Machi kai, Machkai
Telugu name- Machi Kay
Persian name –  maju/ mazu
Malayalam name – majkani

General Information :

Habit – a polymorphous shrub or rarely a small tree grows upto 2 mtrs. Bark – brownish grey. Leaves – simple, alternate, obovate, lobed, 5 to 7.5 cm long, margin is serrate, dull greyish green and glabrous above, densely white tomentose beneath, lateral nerves are 12 to 20 pairs. Petiole is 1 to 1.5 cm long. Flowers – monoecious male flowers are in long slender pendulous catkings. Female flowers are solitary or clustered. Fruit- acorns with a cavity containing single seeds.

Types Of Plant’s :

Blue, Black, Green and White

 

Properties (Gunadharma)

Rasa-kasaya

Vipak- Katu

Virya- sheeta

Guna-Laghu, Ruksha

 

Specific Parts :

Gall

Doshaghnata :

Kapha-Pitta shamak

Shloka’s :

किटवासो मज्जफलं ग्राही बल्यं ज्वरापहम │

शोणितस्त्रुतिह्रदहन्ति मुखदन्तगतान गदान││

श्र्वेतप्रदरमर्शासि योनिकनदं सुदारुनम │

अतिसारं महाघोरं ग्रहणी सप्रवाहीकाम ││ आ.वि.

Benefits :

It is stambhakain the nirama state of atisara, grahani and pravahika.

It is kaphaghna hence used  in kasa.

Being mootrasangrahaneeya in prameha.Also useful in pooyameha.

Being raktastambhana and yonishaithilyahara it is used in pradara as yonivarti and as uttarabasti.

Mukhadantaroga (Disorders of mouth and teeth)

Mayaphala galls kwath (Quercusinfectoria) is beneficial in Mukhadantaroga(Various disorders of mouth and teeth).Kwath should be  used in the form of gargles.

Raktarsas (Haemorrhoids)

Mayaphalagalls paste is (Quercusinfectoria) applied over Raktarsas (Haemorrhoids)

Sitz bath of Mayaphala decoction is used to treat external piles, rectal prolapse and hemorrhoids.

  • Mayaphala decoction induced emesis hence it is used in treatment of Nux vomica, Opium and Marking nut poisoning.
  • Gall mayaphala decoction is used to treat blood mixed diarrhea and dysmenorrhea.Dose-10-20ml
  • powdered gall be taken twice a day with honey, milk or water in cough and respiratory disoders.
  • mayaphala powder is applied as a tooth powder in tooth problems. The gargle of galls in dental, throat, moth cavity.
  • Aphtous ulcers:

Take mayaphala and prepare a paste out of it . Apply, it directly on the infected area for a complete cure.

Caries :

Mayaphala powder (30-40gm) boiled with water. this lukewarm water  USED as a mouth wash for once a day in the morning. It help to remove Caries and bad odor from mouth.

Wounds :

Mayaphala decoction is used in the treatment of wounds.

 

Formulation (Kalp) :

Vajradantamanjana, Mayaphaladichoorna.

Dosage :

Choorna – 1 to 3 gm.

Research Corner :

The study was conducted to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Quercusinfectoria gall crude extracts against multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria in vitro. The screening test was determined by disc diffusion technique using sterile filter paper discs impregnated with 1 mg/disc. (50mg/ml) aquous and ethanol extracts of Q. infectria galls tested on five  selected MDR bacterial strains.

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